Special Issue "Abiotic Stress Effects on Performance of Horticultural Crops"
A special issue of Horticulturae (ISSN 2311-7524).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2018)
Dr. Alessandra Francini
Institute of Life Sciences, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Piazza Martiri della Libertà 33, I-56127 Pisa, Italy
Interests: antioxidant; chlorophyll fluorescence; fruit quality; tree; heavy metals; phytoremediation; xenobiotic
Horticultural crop yield and quality depend on genotype, environmental conditions, and production management. In particular, adverse environmental conditions may greatly affect crop performance, reducing crop yield by 50%–70%. Abiotic stresses such as cold, heat, drought, flooding, salinity, nutrient deficiency, xenobiotic compounds, heavy metals, ozone, and ultraviolet radiation affect multiple physiological and biochemical mechanisms in plants, as they cope with the stress conditions. However, different crop species can have different sensitivity or tolerance to specific abiotic stresses. Tolerant plants may activate different strategies to adapt to or avoid the negative effect of abiotic stresses. At the physiological level, photosynthetic activity and light-use efficiency of plants may be modulated to enhance tolerance against the stress. At the biochemical level, several antioxidant systems may be activated and many enzymes may produce stress-related metabolites to help avoid cellular damage, compounds such as proline, glycine betaine, amino acids, etc.
In each crop species, there is a wide variability of tolerance to abiotic stresses, and some wild relatives may carry useful traits for enhancing the tolerance to abiotic stresses in their progeny, through traditional or biotechnological breeding. Fo example, among fruit tree species, ancient cultivars are often preferred in highly exposed abiotic stress conditions. Moreover, a significant role may be played by the plant hormones (auxins, cytokinins, brassinosteroids, ethylene, gibberellins, jasmonates, and strigolactones) in alleviating stress conditions and enhancing crop performance. Understanding the abiotic stresses and plant hormone interaction is becoming crucial in crop management. Finally, the availability of next generation sequencing (NGS) tools allows fast and accurate transcriptome and genome sequencing.
In a reasonably short period, it is possible to obtain the transcription profiles or the genome information of different species or mutants. The genomic data correlated with physiological, biochemical, molecular biology and proteomic data can greatly help in understanding plant responses to abiotic stresses. Therefore, research articles, reviews, short notes, and opinion articles related to tolerance to abiotic stresses, plant growth regulator application, genotype variability and crop tolerance as well as physiological, biochemical and molecular studies focused on these issues are welcome for our current Special Issue on "Abiotic Stress Effects on Performance of Horticultural Crops".
Dr. Alessandra Francini
Prof. Dr. Luca Sebastiani
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Horticulturae is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) is waived for well-prepared manuscripts submitted to this issue. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- abiotic stresses
- heavy metals
- genes expression