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Agronomic Management for Enhancing Plant Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses—Drought, Salinity, Hypoxia, and Lodging

Lombardy Museum of Agricultural History, via Celoria 2, 20133 Milan, Italy
Department of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Università degli Studi di Milano, via Celoria 2, 20133 Milan, Italy
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Alessandra Francini and Luca Sebastiani
Horticulturae 2017, 3(4), 52;
Received: 26 September 2017 / Revised: 10 November 2017 / Accepted: 21 November 2017 / Published: 1 December 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Abiotic Stress Effects on Performance of Horticultural Crops)
Abiotic stresses are currently responsible for significant losses in quantity and reduction in quality of global crop productions. In consequence, resilience against such stresses is one of the key aims of farmers and is attained by adopting both suitable genotypes and management practices. This latter aspect was reviewed from an agronomic point of view, taking into account stresses due to drought, water excess, salinity, and lodging. For example, drought tolerance may be enhanced by using lower plant density, anticipating the sowing or transplant as much as possible, using grafting with tolerant rootstocks, and optimizing the control of weeds. Water excess or hypoxic conditions during winter and spring can be treated with nitrate fertilizers, which increase survival rate. Salinity stress of sensitive crops may be alleviated by maintaining water content close to the field capacity by frequent and low-volume irrigation. Lodging can be prevented by installing shelterbelts against dominant winds, adopting equilibrated nitrogen fertilization, choosing a suitable plant density, and optimizing the management of pests and biotic diseases harmful to the stability and mechanic resistance of stems and roots. View Full-Text
Keywords: drought; lodging; hypoxia; salinity drought; lodging; hypoxia; salinity
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Mariani, L.; Ferrante, A. Agronomic Management for Enhancing Plant Tolerance to Abiotic Stresses—Drought, Salinity, Hypoxia, and Lodging. Horticulturae 2017, 3, 52.

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