Next Article in Journal
Association of Indolebutyric Acid with Azospirillum brasilense in the Rooting of Herbaceous Blueberry Cuttings
Previous Article in Journal
Suitability of Borago officinalis for Minimal Processing as Fresh-Cut Produce
Previous Article in Special Issue
Timing of a Short-Term Reduction in Temperature and Irradiance Affects Growth and Flowering of Four Annual Bedding Plants
Open AccessEditorial

Abiotic Stress Effects on Performance of Horticultural Crops

BioLabs, Institute of Life Science, Scuola Superiore Sant’Anna, Piazza Martiri della Libertà 33, I-56127 Pisa, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Horticulturae 2019, 5(4), 67; https://doi.org/10.3390/horticulturae5040067
Received: 17 September 2019 / Accepted: 19 September 2019 / Published: 26 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Abiotic Stress Effects on Performance of Horticultural Crops)
The yield and quality of horticultural crops mainly depend on genotype, environmental conditions, and cultivation management. Abiotic stresses, such as adverse environmental conditions, can strongly reduce crop performance, with crop yield losses ranging from 50% to 70%. The most common abiotic stresses are represented by cold, heat, drought, flooding, salinity, nutrient deficiency, and high and low light intensities, including ultraviolet radiation. These abiotic stresses affect multiple physiological and biochemical processes in plants. The ability of plants to face these stresses depends on their adaptation aptitude, and tolerant plants may express different strategies to adapt to or avoid the negative effects of abiotic stresses. At the physiological level, photosynthetic activity and light-use efficiency of plants may be modulated to enhance tolerance against the stress. At the biochemical level, several antioxidant systems can be activated, and many enzymes may produce stress-related metabolites to help avoid cellular damage, including such compounds as proline, glycine betaine, amino acids, etc. This special issue gathers eight papers; three are reviews and five are research papers. Two reviews are focused on the application of appropriate agronomic strategies for counteracting the negative effects of abiotic stresses. The third review is based on ornamental plant production under drought stress conditions and the effect on their ornamental quality. The research papers report the effect of climate change on crop development, yield, and quality. Abiotic stresses have been proven to reduce crop performance and yield. Research studies are essential for understanding the key adaptation strategies of plants that can be exploited for improving the crop stress tolerance. View Full-Text
Keywords: agronomic tools; dormancy; drought; ornamental; salinity agronomic tools; dormancy; drought; ornamental; salinity
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Francini, A.; Sebastiani, L. Abiotic Stress Effects on Performance of Horticultural Crops. Horticulturae 2019, 5, 67.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop