Special Issue "Blockchain Based Electronic Healthcare Solution and Security"

A special issue of Electronics (ISSN 2079-9292). This special issue belongs to the section "Computer Science & Engineering".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 October 2021.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Jun-Ho Huh
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Assistant Professor of Department of Data Informatics, Korea Maritime and Ocean University, Busan 49112, Korea
Interests: Big Data; virtualization; AI; shipbuilding industry; shipping industry; Industry 4.0
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

One of the major keywords in the current digital world is Blockchain, which is playing a major part in all kinds of advanced service systems, offering more convenience, better efficiency/effectiveness by controlling system hardware intelligently in a way humans have never experienced.

Blockchain is also playing an essential part in the healthcare or bioelectronics industry, where enhanced service function and sophistication have become a critical factor in a keen completion. Thus, this Special Issue (SI) focuses on its contributing factors to human society and provides an opportunity for discussions on the relevant convergence technologies. Manuscripts may discuss their technological aspects, usefulness, and contributing factors of their respective Blockchain-based electronic solutions after choosing a suitable subject from the list below or select other ones if needed.

  • Electronic Blockchain service prioritizing human beings and their lives;
  • Electronic solutions adopting Blockchain and/or Big Data;
  • Means of aiding and serving people in need, especially for those disabled or elderly;
  • Electronic engineering/mathematical/Blockchain theories that would greatly affect science and industry;
  • Intelligent Blockchain techniques and services for improved systems engineering;
  • An open engineering integration system for future systems.

Dr. Jun-Ho Huh
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Electronics is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Humanity solution
  • Blockchain
  • Healthcare solution
  • Solution
  • Security
  • Intelligent Blockchain techniques
  • Human

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Research

Article
Security, Privacy, and Reliability in Digital Healthcare Systems Using Blockchain
Electronics 2021, 10(16), 2034; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics10162034 - 23 Aug 2021
Viewed by 571
Abstract
According to the security breach level index, millions of records are stolen worldwide on every single day. Personal health records are the most targeted records on the internet, and they are considered sensitive, and valuable. Security and privacy are the most important parameters [...] Read more.
According to the security breach level index, millions of records are stolen worldwide on every single day. Personal health records are the most targeted records on the internet, and they are considered sensitive, and valuable. Security and privacy are the most important parameters of cryptography and encryption. They reduce the availability of data on patients and healthcare to the appropriate personnel and ultimately lead to a barrier in the transfer of healthcare into a digital health system. Using a permission blockchain to share healthcare data can reduce security and privacy issues. According to the literature, most healthcare systems rely on a centralized system, which is more prone to security vulnerabilities. The existing blockchain-based healthcare schemes provide only a data-sharing framework, but they lack security and privacy. To cope with these kinds of security issues, we have designed a novel security algorithm that provides security as well as privacy with much better efficiency and a lower cost. Hence, in this research, we have proposed a patient healthcare framework that provides greater security, reliability, and authentication compared to existing blockchain-based access control. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Blockchain Based Electronic Healthcare Solution and Security)
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Article
Blockchain Based Smart Contracts for Internet of Medical Things in e-Healthcare
Electronics 2020, 9(10), 1609; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9101609 - 01 Oct 2020
Cited by 23 | Viewed by 1574
Abstract
The concept of Blockchain has penetrated a wide range of scientific areas, and its use is considered to rise exponentially in the near future. Executing short scripts of predefined code called smart contracts on Blockchain can eliminate the need of intermediaries and can [...] Read more.
The concept of Blockchain has penetrated a wide range of scientific areas, and its use is considered to rise exponentially in the near future. Executing short scripts of predefined code called smart contracts on Blockchain can eliminate the need of intermediaries and can also raise the multitude of execution of contracts. In this paper, we discuss the concept of Blockchain along with smart contracts and discuss their applicability in the Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) in the e-healthcare domain. The paper analyses the dimensions that decentralization and the use of smart contracts will take the IoMT in e-healthcare, proposes a novel architecture, and also outlines the advantages, challenges, and future trends related to the integration of all three. The proposed architecture shows its effectiveness with average packet delivery ratio, average latency, and average energy efficiency performance parameters when compared with traditional approaches. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Blockchain Based Electronic Healthcare Solution and Security)
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Article
Neuron Blockchain Algorithm for Legal Problems in Inheritance of Legacy
Electronics 2020, 9(10), 1595; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9101595 - 29 Sep 2020
Viewed by 686
Abstract
This paper discusses the worldwide trend of aging as the lifespan of humans increases. Nonetheless, most people do not write wills, which results in many legal problems after their death. There are many reasons for this including the problem of the validity of [...] Read more.
This paper discusses the worldwide trend of aging as the lifespan of humans increases. Nonetheless, most people do not write wills, which results in many legal problems after their death. There are many reasons for this including the problem of the validity of their heritage possibly not being legally certified. Wills can be divided into two categories, i.e., testimony and documents. A lawyer in the middle should notarize them, however, instead of providing these notarized services, we propose more transparent algorithms, blockchain shading, and smart country functions. Architectures are designed based on a neural network, the blockchain deep neural network (DNN), and deep neural network-based units are built with a necessary artificial neural network (ANN) base. A heritage inherited blockchain architecture is designed to communicate between nodes based on the minimum distance algorithm and multichannel protocol. In addition, neurons refer to the nerve cells that make up the nervous system of an organism, and artificial neurons are an abstraction of the functions of dendrite, soma, and axon that constitute the neurons of an organism. Similar to the neurons in organisms, artificial neural algorithms such as the depth-first search (DFS) algorithm are expressed in pseudocode. In addition, all blockchain nodes are equipped with verified nodes. A research model is proposed for an artificial network blockchain that is needed for this purpose. The experimental environment builds the server and network environments based on deep neural networks that require verification. Weights are also set for the required verification and performance. This paper verifies the blockchain algorithm equipped with this non-fiction preprocessor function. We also study the blockchain neuron engine that can safely construct a block node for a suicide blockchain. After empirical testing of the will system with artificial intelligence and blockchain, the values are close to 2 and 10 and the distribution is good. The blockchain node also tested 50 nodes more than 150 times, and we concluded that it was suitable for actual testing by completing a demonstration test with 4500 TPS. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Blockchain Based Electronic Healthcare Solution and Security)
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Article
Design of an Enhanced Web Archiving System for Preserving Content Integrity with Blockchain
Electronics 2020, 9(8), 1255; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9081255 - 05 Aug 2020
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1015
Abstract
A Web archive system is a traditional subject for preserving web content for the future and the importance is getting more significant due to the explosive growth of web content. The reference model for an open archival information system (OAIS) has been advising [...] Read more.
A Web archive system is a traditional subject for preserving web content for the future and the importance is getting more significant due to the explosive growth of web content. The reference model for an open archival information system (OAIS) has been advising guidance for a long-term archiving system and most organizations that archive web content follow this guidance. In addition, the web archive (WARC) ISO standard is for web content archiving. However, there is no way to secure content integrity, and it is hard to identify the original. Because of limitations, a web archive system has a weakness against the dispute of content integrity. In this paper, we proposed the blockchain linked (BCLinked) web archiving system, which uses blockchain technology and an extended WARC field to keep a web content integrity metadata into a blockchain. Furthermore, we designed the BCLinked web archiving system, and we confirmed the proposed system secures content integrity through the experiment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Blockchain Based Electronic Healthcare Solution and Security)
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Article
Verification Plan Using Neural Algorithm Blockchain Smart Contract for Secure P2P Real Estate Transactions
Electronics 2020, 9(6), 1052; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9061052 - 26 Jun 2020
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1479
Abstract
Blockchain and artificial intelligence are the most important keywords in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. This study sought to apply these core technologies to future validated algorithms that make real estate transactions secure to come up with an encryption algorithm. In addition, the real [...] Read more.
Blockchain and artificial intelligence are the most important keywords in the Fourth Industrial Revolution. This study sought to apply these core technologies to future validated algorithms that make real estate transactions secure to come up with an encryption algorithm. In addition, the real estate transaction is being paid a large fee by the middlemen, the real estate agent. Furthermore and recently, P2P (peer-to-peer) real estate exchange is used a lot. However, these P2P real estate exchanges also have problems that have not been identified by each other between landlords and tenants. In particular, a research model was established to compare and verify the PBFT (practical Byzantine fault tolerance) algorithm of Hyperledger through the blockchain agreement process. Subsequently, a process for verifying the real estate contract was established. Through VM (virtual machine) research methodology for the verification of blockchain real estate contracts, ElGamal communication was provided to prove quantum cryptography. We also automated lightweight encryption test verification tools and blockchain smart contract VM (virtual machine) models using artificial intelligence. Verification was performed through a reservation server and a monitoring server using a test verification tool for network-based lightweight security IoT (Internet of things) GW (gateway). It presents important ECP (elastic curve program) and elastic curve Qu-Vanstone (ECQV) models among the main functions of the blockchain smart contract, and it is equipped with quantum-based encryption algorithm. In addition, the necessary UML (unified modeling language) source code and performance data were calculated according to the actual experimental environment, and the average value for blockchain for administrative or government authorized assets—4000 TPS (transaction per second) were tested. In the future, we want to use this technology for real estate transactions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Blockchain Based Electronic Healthcare Solution and Security)
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Article
A Blockchain and Machine Learning-Based Drug Supply Chain Management and Recommendation System for Smart Pharmaceutical Industry
Electronics 2020, 9(5), 852; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9050852 - 21 May 2020
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 3535
Abstract
From the last decade, pharmaceutical companies are facing difficulties in tracking their products during the supply chain process, allowing the counterfeiters to add their fake medicines into the market. Counterfeit drugs are analyzed as a very big challenge for the pharmaceutical industry worldwide. [...] Read more.
From the last decade, pharmaceutical companies are facing difficulties in tracking their products during the supply chain process, allowing the counterfeiters to add their fake medicines into the market. Counterfeit drugs are analyzed as a very big challenge for the pharmaceutical industry worldwide. As indicated by the statistics, yearly business loss of around $200 billion is reported by US pharmaceutical companies due to these counterfeit drugs. These drugs may not help the patients to recover the disease but have many other dangerous side effects. According to the World Health Organization (WHO) survey report, in under-developed countries every 10th drug use by the consumers is counterfeit and has low quality. Hence, a system that can trace and track drug delivery at every phase is needed to solve the counterfeiting problem. The blockchain has the full potential to handle and track the supply chain process very efficiently. In this paper, we have proposed and implemented a novel blockchain and machine learning-based drug supply chain management and recommendation system (DSCMR). Our proposed system consists of two main modules: blockchain-based drug supply chain management and machine learning-based drug recommendation system for consumers. In the first module, the drug supply chain management system is deployed using Hyperledger fabrics which is capable of continuously monitor and track the drug delivery process in the smart pharmaceutical industry. On the other hand, the N-gram, LightGBM models are used in the machine learning module to recommend the top-rated or best medicines to the customers of the pharmaceutical industry. These models have trained on well known publicly available drug reviews dataset provided by the UCI: an open-source machine learning repository. Moreover, the machine learning module is integrated with this blockchain system with the help of the REST API. Finally, we also perform several tests to check the efficiency and usability of our proposed system. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Blockchain Based Electronic Healthcare Solution and Security)
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Article
Artificial Neural Network Blockchain Techniques for Healthcare System: Focusing on the Personal Health Records
Electronics 2020, 9(5), 763; https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics9050763 - 06 May 2020
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2164
Abstract
This paper seeks to use artificial intelligence blockchain algorithms to ensure safe verification of medical institution PHR data and accurate verification of medical data as existing vulnerabilities. Artificial intelligence has recently spread and has led to research on many technologies thanks to the [...] Read more.
This paper seeks to use artificial intelligence blockchain algorithms to ensure safe verification of medical institution PHR data and accurate verification of medical data as existing vulnerabilities. Artificial intelligence has recently spread and has led to research on many technologies thanks to the Fourth Industrial Revolution. This is a very important factor in healthcare as well as the healthcare industry’s position. Likewise, blockchain is very safe to apply because it encrypts and verifies these medical data in case they are hacked or leaked. These technologies are considered very important. This study raises the problems of these artificial intelligence blockchains and recognizes blockchain, artificial intelligence, neural networks, healthcare, etc.; these problems clearly exist, so systems like EHR are not being used. In the future, ensuring privacy will be made easier when these EHRs are activated and data transmission and data verification between hospitals are completed. To overcome these shortcomings, we define an information security blockchain artificial intelligence framework and verify blockchain systems for accurate extraction, storage, and verification of data. In addition, various verification and performance evaluation indicators are set to obtain the TPS of medical data and for the implementation of standardization work in the future. This paper seeks to maximize the confidentiality of blockchain and the sensitivity and availability of artificial intelligence. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Blockchain Based Electronic Healthcare Solution and Security)
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