Special Issue "Neuropsychological Analysis of Language Disorders"

A special issue of Brain Sciences (ISSN 2076-3425). This special issue belongs to the section "Neurolinguistics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 11 November 2022 | Viewed by 1242

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Pierluigi Zoccolotti
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Psychology, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
Interests: learning disabilities; dyslexia and related disorders; models of dyslexia; eye movements in reading; language
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Dr. Pasquale Rinaldi
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies – CNR (National Research Council), 00185 Rome, Italy
Interests: language acquisition; language disorders; sign language; deafnesss

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Children with language disorders are a heterogeneous group, and the severity of the delay in early expressive language and/or the presence of weaknesses in linguistic and cognitive measures, as well as environmental aspects, may affect their neuropsychological profile. This Special Issue of Brain Sciences aims to present a collection of studies detailing the most recent advancements in the field of language disorders. Authors are invited to submit cutting-edge research and reviews that address a broad range of topics related to language disorders, including the following: epidemiology, screening, early identification, comorbidities, environmental aspects that may have a role as risk or protective factors, neuropsychological profiles, relationship with a linguistic profile in toddlerhood and with learning in school years, evidence-based intervention, and long-term treatment results.

In particular, we aim to present research advances in the neuropsychological analysis of language disorders that may have a significant translational effect on the field of clinical services

Prof. Dr. Pierluigi Zoccolotti
Dr. Pasquale Rinaldi
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Brain Sciences is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • language disorder
  • early identification
  • comorbidity
  • screening
  • epidemiology
  • neuropsychological analysis

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

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Article
Examining Individual Differences in Singing, Musical and Tone Language Ability in Adolescents and Young Adults with Dyslexia
Brain Sci. 2022, 12(6), 744; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12060744 - 06 Jun 2022
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Abstract
In recent years, evidence has been provided that individuals with dyslexia show alterations in the anatomy and function of the auditory cortex. Dyslexia is considered to be a learning disability that affects the development of music and language capacity. We set out to [...] Read more.
In recent years, evidence has been provided that individuals with dyslexia show alterations in the anatomy and function of the auditory cortex. Dyslexia is considered to be a learning disability that affects the development of music and language capacity. We set out to test adolescents and young adults with dyslexia and controls (N = 52) for their neurophysiological differences by investigating the auditory evoked P1–N1–P2 complex. In addition, we assessed their ability in Mandarin, in singing, their musical talent and their individual differences in elementary auditory skills. A discriminant analysis of magnetencephalography (MEG) revealed that individuals with dyslexia showed prolonged latencies in P1, N1, and P2 responses. A correlational analysis between MEG and behavioral variables revealed that Mandarin syllable tone recognition, singing ability and musical aptitude (AMMA) correlated with P1, N1, and P2 latencies, respectively, while Mandarin pronunciation was only associated with N1 latency. The main findings of this study indicate that the earlier P1, N1, and P2 latencies, the better is the singing, the musical aptitude, and the ability to link Mandarin syllable tones to their corresponding syllables. We suggest that this study provides additional evidence that dyslexia can be understood as an auditory and sensory processing deficit. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neuropsychological Analysis of Language Disorders)
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Systematic Review
Reinvestigating the Neural Bases Involved in Speech Production of Stutterers: An ALE Meta-Analysis
Brain Sci. 2022, 12(8), 1030; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci12081030 - 03 Aug 2022
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Abstract
Background: Stuttering is characterized by dysfluency and difficulty in speech production. Previous research has found abnormalities in the neural function of various brain areas during speech production tasks. However, the cognitive neural mechanism of stuttering has still not been fully determined. Method: Activation [...] Read more.
Background: Stuttering is characterized by dysfluency and difficulty in speech production. Previous research has found abnormalities in the neural function of various brain areas during speech production tasks. However, the cognitive neural mechanism of stuttering has still not been fully determined. Method: Activation likelihood estimation analysis was performed to provide neural imaging evidence on neural bases by reanalyzing published studies. Results: Our analysis revealed overactivation in the bilateral posterior superior temporal gyrus, inferior frontal gyrus, medial frontal gyrus, precentral gyrus, postcentral gyrus, basal ganglia, and cerebellum, and deactivation in the anterior superior temporal gyrus and middle temporal gyrus among the stutterers. The overactivated regions might indicate a greater demand in feedforward planning in speech production, while the deactivated regions might indicate dysfunction in the auditory feedback system among stutterers. Conclusions: Our findings provide updated and direct evidence on the multi-level impairment (feedforward and feedback systems) of stutterers during speech production and show that the corresponding neural bases were differentiated. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Neuropsychological Analysis of Language Disorders)
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