Special Issue "Air Pollution and Environment in France"

A special issue of Atmosphere (ISSN 2073-4433). This special issue belongs to the section "Air Quality".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Olivier Delhomme

Guest Editor
Institut de Chimie et Procédés pour l’Energie, l’Environnement et la Santé (ICPEES – UMR 7515), Groupe de Physico – Chimie de l’Atmosphère, Strasbourg (France)
Interests: ambient air quality; air pollution assesment; organic pollutants; pesticide; passive sampling; field campaigns

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We would like to invite you to contribute to a Special Issue of Atmosphere dedicated to research in atmospheric pollution and environment, related to the past and present ambient air pollution in France. The degraded outdoor air quality in France has become, for decision makers, a topic of major concern. Information on the origin of pollution constitutes an essential step of air quality management as it helps in the identification of measures to control air pollution.

Solicited contributions include but are not limited to studies on emission sources, long-term trends in ambient air pollutants and atmospheric deposition, long range and regional- range transport of air pollutants, behaviour of atmospheric pollutants, air quality modeling and development of statistical models for forecasting air pollution levels and assisting the monitoring and mapping of air pollution. Articles on the impact of ambient air pollution on human health and the environment, including vegetation and ecosystems in France, are also encouraged.

Manuscripts may present original research or review previous work and summarize the current state of the science.

Dr. Olivier Delhomme
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Atmosphere is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1500 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Air quality
  • Emission sources of pollutants
  • Long-term trends and Spatial patterns of pollutants
  • Impacts on environment
  • Health effects of air pollution
  • Atmospheric chemistry
  • Air quality modeling

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Characterization of Aerosol Physical and Optical Properties at the Observatoire Pérenne de l’Environnement (OPE) Site
Atmosphere 2020, 11(2), 172; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11020172 - 07 Feb 2020
Abstract
The Observatoire Pérenne de l’Environnement (OPE) station is a rural background site located in North-Eastern France. Besides emissions from agricultural activities, the site is located far from local emissions but at an even distance from the intense emission zones of Western Germany to [...] Read more.
The Observatoire Pérenne de l’Environnement (OPE) station is a rural background site located in North-Eastern France. Besides emissions from agricultural activities, the site is located far from local emissions but at an even distance from the intense emission zones of Western Germany to the north-east and the Paris area to the south-west. In the paper, we report and analyze almost six years of measurements (1 May 2012 to 31 December 2018) of the optical and physical properties of aerosol particles. Based on aerosol optical and physical measurements combined with air mass back-trajectories, we investigate the dependence of these properties on air mass type. Two distinct equivalent black carbon (EBC) sources—origins-fossil fuel (FF) and biomass burning (BB)— were identified. FF was the dominant source of EBC (>70%) but showed a very marked seasonal variation. BB fraction is found higher during the cold seasons in the order of 35% (0.1 µg m−3) against 17% (0.05 µg m−3) during the warm seasons. The highest EBC and N0.54–1.15 (particles whose diameter ranged from 0.54 to 1.15 µm) median concentrations were observed during the night time and during the cold seasons compared to the warmer seasons, indicating primary sources trapped within a thin boundary layer (BL). A different behavior is found for N10–550 (particles whose diameter ranged from 10 to 550 nm) and coarse mode particles (N1.15–4.5, i.e., particles whose diameter ranged from 1.15 to 4.5 µm) median concentrations, which were observed during the warm seasons compared to the cold seasons, indicating rather biogenic secondary sources for the smaller particles, and potentially primary biogenic sources for the coarse mode particles. The scattering and absorption coefficients and single scattering albedo (SSA) show the same seasonal variations like the ones of N0.54–1.15 concentrations, indicating that particles larger than 500 nm seemed to contribute the most to the optical properties of the aerosol. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution and Environment in France)
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Open AccessArticle
Large-Eddy Simulations with an Immersed Boundary Method: Pollutant Dispersion over Urban Terrain
Atmosphere 2020, 11(1), 113; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11010113 - 18 Jan 2020
Abstract
In urban canopies, the variability of pollution may be influenced by the presence of surface heterogeneities like orography and buildings. Using the Meso-NH model enhanced with an immersed boundary method (IBM) to represent accurately the impact of the 3D shape of buildings on [...] Read more.
In urban canopies, the variability of pollution may be influenced by the presence of surface heterogeneities like orography and buildings. Using the Meso-NH model enhanced with an immersed boundary method (IBM) to represent accurately the impact of the 3D shape of buildings on the flow, large-eddy simulations are performed over city of Toulouse (France) with the dispersion of a plume following a plant explosion on 21 September 2001. The event is characterized by a large quantity of nitrogen dioxide released in a vertical column after the explosion, quickly dispersed by a moderate wind prevailing in the lower atmospheric layers. Assuming a passive pollutant, the model develops a realistic plume dispersion. A sensitivity analysis of the advection scheme to the spread is presented. The limited population’s exposure to pollution developed by the model appears in good agreement with previous health studies. Beyond this case, IBM is a promising way to represent flow interaction with buildings and orography in atmospheric models for urban applications. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Pollution and Environment in France)
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