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Toxics, Volume 7, Issue 3 (September 2019)
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Cover Story (view full-size image) The patch approach to skin exposure assessment in pesticide-exposed workers is sensitive to [...] Read more. The patch approach to skin exposure assessment in pesticide-exposed workers is sensitive to outliers, which can lead to a gross overestimation of workers’ exposure. Our study tested several approaches, among which the median absolute deviation (MAD), to exclude outliers and improve the assessed skin exposure. These approaches were applied on 27 agricultural workers spraying mancozeb in Italian vineyards and validated using biological monitoring. The use of the MAD approach reduced the estimated exposure of the workers and resulted in an increase in the correlation between the skin exposure and urinary biomarkers, thus proving to be valid. View this paper.