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Article

Effects of Stocking and Transport Conditions on Physicochemical Properties of Meat and Acute-Phase Proteins in Cattle

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Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Food Security, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
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Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
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Department of Preclinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
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Department of Companion Animal Medicine and Surgery, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
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Department of Animal Resource, College of Agriculture, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region 44002, Iraq
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Department of Animal Science, College of Agriculture, University of Southern Mindanao, Kabacan 9407, North Cotabato, Philippines
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Department of Veterinary Laboratory Diagnostics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
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Department of Veterinary Services, Wisma Tani, Blok Podium, Lot 4G1, No. 28, Persiaran Perdana, Presint 4, Federal Government Administrative Centre, Putrajaya 62630, Malaysia
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Halal Products Research Institute, Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Foods 2021, 10(2), 252; https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020252
Received: 13 November 2020 / Revised: 24 December 2020 / Accepted: 26 December 2020 / Published: 26 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Meat)
This study’s objective was to evaluate the effects of distance and stocking density on physicochemical properties and oxidative stability of meat and acute-phase proteins in Brahman crossbred cattle transported by road under hot and humid tropical conditions. Sixty Brahman crossbred heifers were subjected to road transport from a cattle feedlot farm located in Universiti Putra Malaysia (UPM), Serdang, to a commercial ruminant abattoir in Shah Alam, Selangor. Animals were assigned to long and short distances and high, medium, and low stocking densities. The results revealed that the intensity of response significantly increased in meat samples from animals subjected to long-distance transportation and higher stocking density. Alpha-1-acid glycoprotein and serum amyloid-A values increased considerably and were different from the baseline values recorded at preload. In conclusion, the current results revealed that the color, pH, shear force values, water holding capacity (WHC), glycogen level, and malondilaldehyde assay (MDA) concentrations in meat and acute-phase proteins (APP) were affected by both distances and stocking densities, as evidenced by the significant changes recorded from the parameters above. View Full-Text
Keywords: Brahman crossbred; hot humid climate; road transport; meat quality; Malaysia Brahman crossbred; hot humid climate; road transport; meat quality; Malaysia
MDPI and ACS Style

Abubakar, A.A.; Zulkifli, I.; Goh, Y.M.; Kaka, U.; Sabow, A.B.; Imlan, J.C.; Awad, E.A.; Othman, A.H.; Raghazli, R.; Mitin, H.; Sazili, A.Q. Effects of Stocking and Transport Conditions on Physicochemical Properties of Meat and Acute-Phase Proteins in Cattle. Foods 2021, 10, 252. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020252

AMA Style

Abubakar AA, Zulkifli I, Goh YM, Kaka U, Sabow AB, Imlan JC, Awad EA, Othman AH, Raghazli R, Mitin H, Sazili AQ. Effects of Stocking and Transport Conditions on Physicochemical Properties of Meat and Acute-Phase Proteins in Cattle. Foods. 2021; 10(2):252. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020252

Chicago/Turabian Style

Abubakar, Ahmed A.; Zulkifli, Idrus; Goh, Yong M.; Kaka, Ubedullah; Sabow, Azad B.; Imlan, Jurhamid C.; Awad, Elmutaz A.; Othman, Azalea H.; Raghazli, Razlina; Mitin, Helen; Sazili, Awis Q. 2021. "Effects of Stocking and Transport Conditions on Physicochemical Properties of Meat and Acute-Phase Proteins in Cattle" Foods 10, no. 2: 252. https://doi.org/10.3390/foods10020252

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