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Open AccessReview

Exclusion Criteria Used in Early Behavioral Intervention Studies for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

1
Stritch School of Medicine, Loyola University, Maywood, IL 60153, USA
2
Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Brain Sci. 2020, 10(2), 99; https://doi.org/10.3390/brainsci10020099
Received: 16 January 2020 / Revised: 10 February 2020 / Accepted: 11 February 2020 / Published: 13 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Autism Research)
This literature review evaluated early behavioral intervention studies of Autism Spectrum disorder (ASD) based on their participant exclusion criteria. The studies included were found through searching PsycINFO and PubMed databases, and discussed behavioral interventions for children up to 5 years of age with ASD and utilized a group research design. Studies reviewed were categorized into three groups: Restrictive exclusion criteria, loosely defined exclusion criteria, and exclusion criteria not defined. Results indicated that studies that used restrictive exclusion criteria demonstrated greater differences in terms of outcomes between experimental and control groups in comparison to studies that used loosely defined exclusion criteria and/or did not define any exclusion criteria. We discussed implications for the generalizability of the studies’ outcomes in relationship to exclusion criteria. View Full-Text
Keywords: autism spectrum disorder; autism; literature review; comorbidity; early intervention; early intensive behavioral intervention; behavioral intervention autism spectrum disorder; autism; literature review; comorbidity; early intervention; early intensive behavioral intervention; behavioral intervention
MDPI and ACS Style

Yazdani, S.; Capuano, A.; Ghaziuddin, M.; Colombi, C. Exclusion Criteria Used in Early Behavioral Intervention Studies for Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Brain Sci. 2020, 10, 99.

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