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Standardization of the Food Composition Database Used in the Latin American Nutrition and Health Study (ELANS)

Commitee of Nutrition and Wellbeing, International Life Science Institute (ILSI-Argentina), Buenos Aires C1059ABF, Argentina
Facultad de Ciencias Medicas, Departamento Nutricion, Universidad Favaloro, Solís 453, Buenos Aires C1078AAI, Argentina
Fundação Jose Luiz Egydio Setubal, Hospital Infantil Sabara, Instituto Pensi, São Paulo 01239-040, Brazil
Centro de Atendimento e Apoio ao Adolescente, Departamento de Pediatria, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo 04023-062, Brazil
Departamento de Bioquímica, Escuela de Medicina, Universidad de Costa Rica, San José 11501, Costa Rica
Centro de Nutrición Molecular y Enfermedades Crónicas, Departamento de Nutrición, Diabetes y Metabolismo, Escuela de Medicina, Pontificia Universidad Católica, Santiago 833-0024, Chile
Departamento de Nutrición y Bioquímica, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá, Colombia
Colegio de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad San Francisco de Quito, Quito 17-1200-841, Ecuador
Instituto de Investigación Nutricional, La Molina, Lima 12, Perú
Centro de Estudios del Desarrollo, Universidad Central de Venezuela (CENDES-UCV)/Fundación Bengoa, Caracas 1010, Venezuela
Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo 04023-062.
Department of Clinical Laboratory and Nutritional Sciences, University of Massachusetts Lowell, Lowell, MA 01854, USA
University of Munich Medical Center, Division of Metabolic and Nutritional Medicine, Dr. von Hauner Children's Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München, D-80337 Munich, Germany
Nutrition and Health Sciences Program, Hubert Department of Global Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Membership of the ELANS Study Group is provided in the Acknowledgments.
Nutrients 2015, 7(9), 7914-7924;
Received: 3 July 2015 / Revised: 20 August 2015 / Accepted: 2 September 2015 / Published: 16 September 2015
Between-country comparisons of estimated dietary intake are particularly prone to error when different food composition tables are used. The objective of this study was to describe our procedures and rationale for the selection and adaptation of available food composition to a single database to enable cross-country nutritional intake comparisons. Latin American Study of Nutrition and Health (ELANS) is a multicenter cross-sectional study of representative samples from eight Latin American countries. A standard study protocol was designed to investigate dietary intake of 9000 participants enrolled. Two 24-h recalls using the Multiple Pass Method were applied among the individuals of all countries. Data from 24-h dietary recalls were entered into the Nutrition Data System for Research (NDS-R) program after a harmonization process between countries to include local foods and appropriately adapt the NDS-R database. A food matching standardized procedure involving nutritional equivalency of local food reported by the study participants with foods available in the NDS-R database was strictly conducted by each country. Standardization of food and nutrient assessments has the potential to minimize systematic and random errors in nutrient intake estimations in the ELANS project. This study is expected to result in a unique dataset for Latin America, enabling cross-country comparisons of energy, macro- and micro-nutrient intake within this region. View Full-Text
Keywords: nutrition; Latin America; food composition database; standardization nutrition; Latin America; food composition database; standardization
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MDPI and ACS Style

Kovalskys, I.; Fisberg, M.; Gómez, G.; Rigotti, A.; Cortés, L.Y.; Yépez, M.C.; Pareja, R.G.; Herrera-Cuenca, M.; Zimberg, I.Z.; Tucker, K.L.; Koletzko, B.; Pratt, M.; Group, O.B.o.t.E.S. Standardization of the Food Composition Database Used in the Latin American Nutrition and Health Study (ELANS). Nutrients 2015, 7, 7914-7924.

AMA Style

Kovalskys I, Fisberg M, Gómez G, Rigotti A, Cortés LY, Yépez MC, Pareja RG, Herrera-Cuenca M, Zimberg IZ, Tucker KL, Koletzko B, Pratt M, Group OBotES. Standardization of the Food Composition Database Used in the Latin American Nutrition and Health Study (ELANS). Nutrients. 2015; 7(9):7914-7924.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Kovalskys, Irina, Mauro Fisberg, Georgina Gómez, Attilio Rigotti, Lilia Y. Cortés, Martha C. Yépez, Rossina G. Pareja, Marianella Herrera-Cuenca, Ioná Z. Zimberg, Katherine L. Tucker, Berthold Koletzko, Michael Pratt, and On B.o.t.E.S. Group. 2015. "Standardization of the Food Composition Database Used in the Latin American Nutrition and Health Study (ELANS)" Nutrients 7, no. 9: 7914-7924.

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