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Open AccessArticle

Assessment of Energy Intake and Energy Expenditure of Male Adolescent Academy-Level Soccer Players during a Competitive Week

1
Department of Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Northumbria University, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE1 8ST, UK
2
London Sport Institute, Middlesex University, London, NW4 4BT, UK
3
MSK CATS, South Tyneside Foundation, NE34 0PL, UK
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2015, 7(10), 8392-8401; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu7105400
Received: 12 August 2015 / Revised: 8 September 2015 / Accepted: 22 September 2015 / Published: 2 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Energy Balance)
This study investigated the energy intake and expenditure of professional adolescent academy-level soccer players during a competitive week. Over a seven day period that included four training days, two rest days and a match day, energy intake (self-reported weighed food diary and 24-h recall) and expenditure (tri-axial accelerometry) were recorded in 10 male players from a professional English Premier League club. The mean macronutrient composition of the dietary intake was 318 ± 24 g·day−1 (5.6 ± 0.4 g·kg−1 BM) carbohydrate, 86 ± 10 g·day−1 (1.5 ± 0.2 g·kg−1 BM) protein and 70 ± 7 g·day−1 (1.2 ± 0.1 g·kg−1 BM) fats, representing 55% ± 3%, 16% ± 1%, and 29% ± 2% of mean daily energy intake respectively. A mean daily energy deficit of −1302 ± 1662 kJ (p = 0.035) was observed between energy intake (9395 ± 1344 kJ) and energy expenditure (10679 ± 1026 kJ). Match days (−2278 ± 2307 kJ, p = 0.012) and heavy training days (−2114 ± 2257 kJ, p = 0.016) elicited the greatest deficits between intake and expenditure. In conclusion, the mean daily energy intake of professional adolescent academy-level soccer players was lower than the energy expended during a competitive week. The magnitudes of these deficits were greatest on match and heavy training days. These findings may have both short and long term implications on the performance and physical development of adolescent soccer players. View Full-Text
Keywords: energy intake; energy expenditure; soccer; adolescent; male energy intake; energy expenditure; soccer; adolescent; male
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Briggs, M.A.; Cockburn, E.; Rumbold, P.L.S.; Rae, G.; Stevenson, E.J.; Russell, M. Assessment of Energy Intake and Energy Expenditure of Male Adolescent Academy-Level Soccer Players during a Competitive Week. Nutrients 2015, 7, 8392-8401.

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