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Open AccessArticle

Egg Intake and Dietary Quality among Overweight and Obese Mexican-American Postpartum Women

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School of Nutrition and Health Promotion, Arizona State University, 500 North 3rd Street, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
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Southwestern Interdisciplinary Research Center, Arizona State University, 411 North Central Avenue, Suite #720, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
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Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Packaging, San Jose State University, One Washington Square, San Jose, CA 95192-0058, USA
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College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, 500 North 3rd Street, Phoenix, AZ 85004, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2015, 7(10), 8402-8412; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu7105402
Received: 7 August 2015 / Revised: 14 September 2015 / Accepted: 22 September 2015 / Published: 2 October 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Egg Consumption and Human Health)
Despite their low cost and high nutrient density, the contribution of eggs to nutrient intake and dietary quality among Mexican-American postpartum women has not been evaluated. Nutrient intake and dietary quality, as assessed by the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010), were measured in habitually sedentary overweight/obese (body mass index (BMI) = 29.7 ± 3.5 kg/m2) Mexican-American postpartum women (28 ± 6 years) and compared between egg consumers (n = 82; any egg intake reported in at least one of three 24-h dietary recalls) and non-consumers (n = 57). Egg consumers had greater intake of energy (+808 kJ (193 kcal) or 14%; p = 0.033), protein (+9 g or 17%; p = 0.031), total fat (+9 g or 19%; p = 0.039), monounsaturated fat (+4 g or 24%; p = 0.020), and several micronutrients than non-consumers. Regarding HEI-2010 scores, egg consumers had a greater total protein foods score than non-consumers (4.7 ± 0.7 vs. 4.3 ± 1.0; p = 0.004), and trends for greater total fruit (2.4 ± 1.8 vs. 1.9 ± 1.7; p = 0.070) and the total composite HEI-2010 score (56.4 ± 12.6 vs. 52.3 ± 14.4; p = 0.082). Findings suggest that egg intake could contribute to greater nutrient intake and improved dietary quality among postpartum Mexican-American women. Because of greater energy intake among egg consumers, recommendations for overweight/obese individuals should include avoiding excessive energy intake and incorporating eggs to a nutrient-dense, fiber-rich dietary pattern. View Full-Text
Keywords: diet; eggs; healthy eating index; Hispanic women; nutrient intake diet; eggs; healthy eating index; Hispanic women; nutrient intake
MDPI and ACS Style

Vega-López, S.; Pignotti, G.A.P.; Todd, M.; Keller, C. Egg Intake and Dietary Quality among Overweight and Obese Mexican-American Postpartum Women. Nutrients 2015, 7, 8402-8412.

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