Despite their low cost and high nutrient density, the contribution of eggs to nutrient intake and dietary quality among Mexican-American postpartum women has not been evaluated. Nutrient intake and dietary quality, as assessed by the Healthy Eating Index 2010 (HEI-2010), were measured in habitually sedentary overweight/obese (body mass index (BMI) = 29.7 ± 3.5 kg/m2
) Mexican-American postpartum women (28 ± 6 years) and compared between egg consumers (n
= 82; any egg intake reported in at least one of three 24-h dietary recalls) and non-consumers (n
= 57). Egg consumers had greater intake of energy (+808 kJ (193 kcal) or 14%; p
= 0.033), protein (+9 g or 17%; p
= 0.031), total fat (+9 g or 19%; p
= 0.039), monounsaturated fat (+4 g or 24%; p
= 0.020), and several micronutrients than non-consumers. Regarding HEI-2010 scores, egg consumers had a greater total protein foods score than non-consumers (4.7 ± 0.7 vs.
4.3 ± 1.0; p
= 0.004), and trends for greater total fruit (2.4 ± 1.8 vs.
1.9 ± 1.7; p
= 0.070) and the total composite HEI-2010 score (56.4 ± 12.6 vs.
52.3 ± 14.4; p
= 0.082). Findings suggest that egg intake could contribute to greater nutrient intake and improved dietary quality among postpartum Mexican-American women. Because of greater energy intake among egg consumers, recommendations for overweight/obese individuals should include avoiding excessive energy intake and incorporating eggs to a nutrient-dense, fiber-rich dietary pattern.
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