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Review

A Critical Review on the Control Strategies Applied to PCM-Enhanced Buildings

Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland 92019, New Zealand
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Chi-Ming Lai
Energies 2021, 14(7), 1929; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14071929
Received: 7 March 2021 / Revised: 25 March 2021 / Accepted: 27 March 2021 / Published: 31 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Phase Change Materials for Thermal Energy Storage Applications)
The incorporation of phase change materials (PCM) in buildings has the potential to enhance the thermal efficiency of buildings, reduce energy cost, shift peak load, and eventually reduce air pollution and mitigate global warming. However, the initial capital cost of PCM is still high, and thus the establishment of a control strategy has become essential to optimize its use in buildings in an effort to lower investment costs. In this paper, an extensive review has been made with regard to various control strategies applied to PCM-enhanced buildings, such as ON/OFF control, conventional control methods (classical control, optimal, adaptive, and predictive control) and intelligent controls. The advantages and disadvantages of each control strategy are evaluated. The paper further discusses the opportunities and challenges associated with the design of PCM-enhanced buildings in combination with control strategies. View Full-Text
Keywords: phase change material; ON/OFF control; conventional control; intelligent control; buildings phase change material; ON/OFF control; conventional control; intelligent control; buildings
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gholamibozanjani, G.; Farid, M. A Critical Review on the Control Strategies Applied to PCM-Enhanced Buildings. Energies 2021, 14, 1929. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14071929

AMA Style

Gholamibozanjani G, Farid M. A Critical Review on the Control Strategies Applied to PCM-Enhanced Buildings. Energies. 2021; 14(7):1929. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14071929

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gholamibozanjani, Gohar, and Mohammed Farid. 2021. "A Critical Review on the Control Strategies Applied to PCM-Enhanced Buildings" Energies 14, no. 7: 1929. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14071929

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