Religious Coping, Religiosity, Depression and Anxiety among Medical Students in a Multi-Religious Setting
AbstractMedical students are vulnerable to depression and anxiety due to the nature of their academic life. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of depressive and anxiety symptoms among medical students and the association between religious coping, religiosity and socio-demographic factors with anxiety and depressive symptoms. A cross sectional design was used for this study. Scales used were the Malay version of the Duke Religious Index (DUREL-M), the Malay version of the Brief Religious Coping Scale (Brief RCOPE) and the Malay version Hospital and Anxiety Depression Scale (HADS-M). 622 students participated in this study. They scored moderately on the organized (mean: 3.51) and non-organized religious (mean: 3.85) subscales of the DUREL, but had high intrinsic religiosity (mean: 12.18). The prevalence of anxiety and depressive symptoms were 4.7% and 17.4% respectively, which is lower than local as well as international data. Islam, negative religious coping and the presence of depressive symptoms were significantly associated with anxiety symptoms. Only the presence of anxiety symptoms was significantly associated with depressive symptoms. Negative religious coping, rather than positive religious coping, has significant association with depressive and anxiety symptoms. Redirecting focus towards negative religious coping is imperative to boost mental health outcomes among medical students. View Full-Text
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Francis, B.; Gill, J.S.; Yit Han, N.; Petrus, C.F.; Azhar, F.L.; Ahmad Sabki, Z.; Said, M.A.; Ong Hui, K.; Chong Guan, N.; Sulaiman, A.H. Religious Coping, Religiosity, Depression and Anxiety among Medical Students in a Multi-Religious Setting. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 259.
Francis B, Gill JS, Yit Han N, Petrus CF, Azhar FL, Ahmad Sabki Z, Said MA, Ong Hui K, Chong Guan N, Sulaiman AH. Religious Coping, Religiosity, Depression and Anxiety among Medical Students in a Multi-Religious Setting. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(2):259.Chicago/Turabian Style
Francis, Benedict; Gill, Jesjeet S.; Yit Han, Ng; Petrus, Chiara F.; Azhar, Fatin L.; Ahmad Sabki, Zuraida; Said, Mas A.; Ong Hui, Koh; Chong Guan, Ng; Sulaiman, Ahmad H. 2019. "Religious Coping, Religiosity, Depression and Anxiety among Medical Students in a Multi-Religious Setting." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 2: 259.
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