Resource Provision of the Sustainable Development under Global Shocks: 2022 Viewpoint

A special issue of Resources (ISSN 2079-9276).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (1 September 2023) | Viewed by 28342

Special Issue Editors


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Department of Economics, Organization and Management, Saint Petersburg Mining University, 21st Line of the VI, 2, 199106 Saint Petersburg, Russia
Interests: energy economics; environmental economics; sustainable development; energy policy; climate policy; resource policy; sustainability; circular economy; economic efficiency; fossil fuels; renewable energy; CCU; CCS; CCUS; carbon sequestration
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Guest Editor
Luzin Institute for Economic Studies, Kola Science Centre of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Apatity, Russia
Interests: strategic management; energy economics; industrial management; economics of Arctic mineral resources; economics of CC(U)S
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Guest Editor
ITASCA Consultants GmbH, Gelsenkirchen, Germany
Interests: energy; engineering; social sciences

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent decades, macroeconomic systems have faced the impact of a series of unpredictable shocks, such as the food crisis of 2007–2008, the financial crisis of 2008–2009, COVID-19 in 2020–2021, and military actions in Ukraine in 2022. The appearance of such “black swans” is almost impossible to predict, and one of the most intractable consequences of such shocks is the accumulation of uncertainty. At the same time, disruptions in the functioning of logistic chains are quite obvious, including the supply of natural resources, which will entail an energy crisis, hunger and, quite likely, practically uncontrolled inflation. In this situation, it becomes critically important to find ways to ensure the stability of the functioning of economic systems at all levels, as well as ways to achieve global Sustainable Development Goals.

In this Special Issue, we invite articles devoted to forecasting the short-, medium-, and long-term consequences of global shocks, building new business models, as well as resource provision of processes that contribute to the return of the world economy to the trajectory of sustainable development. We also welcome regional studies devoted to the search for new growth points, as well as industry topics related to the extraction, transportation, and processing of natural resources. The low-carbon agenda, climate and "green" projects along with the best available techniques will be also the focus of our discussion for providing a sustainable future.

Dr. Pavel Tcvetkov
Dr. Alina Cherepovitsyna (Ilinova)
Dr. Khayrutdinov Marat
Guest Editors

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Resources is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • shocks
  • logistic chains
  • global trade
  • global markets
  • natural resources
  • economic consequences
  • renewable energy
  • resource markets
  • sustainability
  • sustainable development

Published Papers (10 papers)

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Research

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23 pages, 1144 KiB  
Communication
Applying Utility Criteria to Select the Design Variant of the Transport System in Underground Mine Workings
by Marian Czesław Turek, Łukasz Bednarczyk and Izabela Jonek-Kowalska
Resources 2023, 12(11), 129; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources12110129 - 1 Nov 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1477
Abstract
This article presents a new, in-house developed method of selecting a variant of the transport system in the underground of a mine, using multi-variant decision support, taking into account the specificity of an underground mining plant. The implementation of the method should facilitate [...] Read more.
This article presents a new, in-house developed method of selecting a variant of the transport system in the underground of a mine, using multi-variant decision support, taking into account the specificity of an underground mining plant. The implementation of the method should facilitate the selection of the most optimal transport system, ensuring continuity and the lowest operating costs. Seven functional criteria are proposed herein, which may be of a stimulant or destimulant nature. Each criterion was assigned a specific scoring weight reflecting the level of significance, with the sum of the weights being 100. The highest scores for the variants in the individual criteria go to those characterized by the following traits: the shortest transport time, the highest compatibility with the transport system already existing in the mine, transport routes with the greatest coverage communication, allow workers to be transported to the front of the excavation as quickly as possible, are most compatible with the existing transport systems in terms of the reinforcement and removal of longwalls, have a drive with the lowest operational hazard, have the least negative impact on the atmosphere of workings (exhaust gas emissions), and those that will ensure the best functioning of transport in emergency situations involving risk or uncertainty. For each criterion, a scoring formula based on specific parameters is provided. The method was used to select the optimal variant of the transport system in one of the mines, where four long walls were cut and four long galleries were drilled. Out of ten variants, the variant that should ensure the highest degree of reliable transport operation and continuity of operation has been determined using seven usability criteria. Full article
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20 pages, 1768 KiB  
Article
Study of the Relationship between Economic Growth and Greenhouse Gas Emissions of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization Countries on the Basis of the Environmental Kuznets Curve
by Amina Andreichyk and Pavel Tsvetkov
Resources 2023, 12(7), 80; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources12070080 - 6 Jul 2023
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 2528
Abstract
The present study contributes to the ongoing debate on environmental sustainability and the low-carbon agenda in terms of an analysis of a relatively new international association, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Based on panel data from SCO countries from 2000 to 2020, the [...] Read more.
The present study contributes to the ongoing debate on environmental sustainability and the low-carbon agenda in terms of an analysis of a relatively new international association, the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO). Based on panel data from SCO countries from 2000 to 2020, the hypothesis of the existence of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) was tested. The results showed the validity of the EKC hypothesis for the SCO countries; in particular, the gross domestic product and natural resource rents have a connection with greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, while trade openness, foreign direct investment and the use of renewable energy sources reduce GHG emissions in the long term. It was also found that the effect of economic growth on GHG emissions in the long term in the SCO countries has the form of an inverse N-curve. Based on the analysis performed, recommendations are offered to improve energy policy in the field of alternative energy sources, natural resources—rents on them, openness to foreign markets and attracting foreign investment. Full article
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27 pages, 5046 KiB  
Article
Conceptual Management Framework for Oil and Gas Engineering Project Implementation
by Pavel Tsiglianu, Natalia Romasheva and Artem Nenko
Resources 2023, 12(6), 64; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources12060064 - 25 May 2023
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 4197
Abstract
More than half of the global demand for energy resources is covered today by oil and natural gas, and according to various forecasts, it is expected to grow 1.5–2 times greater over the next 30–50 years. This creates serious prospects for the development [...] Read more.
More than half of the global demand for energy resources is covered today by oil and natural gas, and according to various forecasts, it is expected to grow 1.5–2 times greater over the next 30–50 years. This creates serious prospects for the development of the national oil and gas sectors of various countries, including Russia. Modern industry challenges create significant restrictions for the development of Russian oil and gas resources, and considering their predominant technological nature, the key solution is the increase in internal technological potential, in particular through the implementation of engineering projects aimed at creating the necessary technological solutions. This article presents an approach to the development of a conceptual management framework that will allow for the effective implementation of oil and gas engineering projects. The methodology of the research includes desk studies, systematization, the expert method (including interviews and questionnaires), grouping, generalization, and algorithm design techniques. The results of the study showed that effective implementation of engineering projects should be based on a systematic management approach, one of which is the TRA process. This article analyzes the TRA methods, on the basis of which key project readiness indicators are identified. Based on a literature review and the expert method, the relevant readiness indicators necessary for the assessment of oil and gas engineering projects are substantiated. Given these indicators, the authors proposed a framework for a comprehensive readiness assessment of oil and gas engineering projects and developed an algorithm for management decision-making on project implementation. Full article
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28 pages, 3121 KiB  
Article
A Conceptual Model for the Sustainable Development of the Arctic’s Mineral Resources Considering Current Global Trends: Future Scenarios, Key Actors, and Recommendations
by Diana Dmitrieva, Amina Chanysheva and Victoria Solovyova
Resources 2023, 12(6), 63; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources12060063 - 25 May 2023
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1932
Abstract
Today, the issues of sustainable development are among the most pressing ones. They are particularly relevant in the context of mineral resource development as operations in this sector always have an impact on the environment and socioeconomic development. Developing the mineral resource base [...] Read more.
Today, the issues of sustainable development are among the most pressing ones. They are particularly relevant in the context of mineral resource development as operations in this sector always have an impact on the environment and socioeconomic development. Developing the mineral resource base of the Arctic presents a difficult task, as it requires finding a balance between the growing demand in resources and the acute climatic and geopolitical challenges. In view of both the specific features of the region and the pressure caused by various trends and challenges, ensuring the sustainable development of the Arctic’s mineral resource base is highly important. In 2022, the global landscape that consists of sustainable development trends, ESG agendas, and environmental awareness was supplemented by national import substitution policies introduced in many strategic industries, which led to an inevitable increase in demand for mineral resources. This substantiates the importance of the research goal—developing a model for the sustainable development of the Arctic’s mineral resource base that will produce quantitative results and provide key actors with reasonable recommendations for restructuring the priority areas of development. Full article
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14 pages, 1633 KiB  
Article
Modern Technologies Providing a Full Cycle of Geo-Resources Development
by Cheynesh B. Kongar-Syuryun, Alexander V. Aleksakhin, Evgeniya N. Eliseeva, Anna V. Zhaglovskaya, Roman V. Klyuev and Denis A. Petrusevich
Resources 2023, 12(4), 50; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources12040050 - 11 Apr 2023
Cited by 31 | Viewed by 2063
Abstract
Resource-dependent countries and economies are found to be particularly sensitive to global shocks. A unifying parallel is drawn between resource-dependent countries and regions with depleted mineral resources. The objective factors of losses of accessed reserves are analyzed. A unifying parallel is drawn between [...] Read more.
Resource-dependent countries and economies are found to be particularly sensitive to global shocks. A unifying parallel is drawn between resource-dependent countries and regions with depleted mineral resources. The objective factors of losses of accessed reserves are analyzed. A unifying parallel is drawn between sub-standard ores and industrial waste. The paper proposes shifting geotechnology development from simple mineral extraction towards technologies that provide a full cycle of geo-resources development. A radical way of ensuring a full cycle of geo-resources development is the involvement of sub-standard ores and industrial waste in a closed processing cycle. The utilization of industrial waste without a valuable component extracting or reducing a harmful component to a background value is palliative. A comparative description of various technologies that allow extracting valuable components from sub-standard ores and industrial waste is made. The paper proposes a variant of chemical–physical technology that makes it possible to extract a valuable component from industrial waste to a minimum value. The activation of industrial waste with a disintegrator before a chemical extraction significantly increases the yield of a valuable component from 2.6 to 218.5%. A differentiated approach is needed regarding the choice of leaching solution, its percentage, as well as the leaching method and the need for activation processing of valuable components and industrial ones. The combined highly efficient physical–chemical and physical–technical technologies will ensure the maximum extraction of the valuable component from 52.6 to 98.8% in the full cycle of natural and industrial geo-resources development. Full article
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13 pages, 2237 KiB  
Article
A Tailing Dump as Industrial Deposit; Study of the Mineralogical Composition of Tailing Dump of the Southern Urals and the Possibility of Tailings Re-Development
by Elena N. Shaforostova, Olga V. Kosareva-Volod’ko, Olga V. Belyankina, Danila Y. Solovykh, Ekaterina S. Sazankova, Elena I. Sizova and Danila A. Adigamov
Resources 2023, 12(2), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources12020028 - 13 Feb 2023
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 1705
Abstract
It is found that regions with depleted, or on the verge of depletion, of mineral resources are subject to additional pressures due to intensifying social and environmental problems. This paper proposes the development of the mining industry, reducing the dependence of the economy [...] Read more.
It is found that regions with depleted, or on the verge of depletion, of mineral resources are subject to additional pressures due to intensifying social and environmental problems. This paper proposes the development of the mining industry, reducing the dependence of the economy on the sharp volatility of the raw materials market in a period of global shocks by addressing social and environmental problems in regions with a depleting mineral resource base. It is assumed that the geotechnology development from simple mineral extraction to technologies providing a full cycle of georesources development with industrial waste recycling contributes to the resource provision of sustainable development. The material and mineralogical composition of the four tailing dumps (Uchalinskiy, Buribayskiy, Sibayskiy and Gaiskiy Ore-Processing plants have been studied) united with the similarity of the processed raw materials, and as a consequence, the similar enrichment technology has been studied and established. An approximate estimate of valuable components left in industrial wastes was made. The possibility of valuable component extraction (e.g., gold) from tailings using double agitation cyanidation was substantiated. There is no necessity of obligatory grinding of tailings to increase the recovery rate of valuable components. It was experimentally determined that the extraction of gold from tailings is 75.9–82.14% and depends on the investigated technogenic raw material. It has been proved that industrial waste can be recycled for the purpose of the resource provision of sustainable development. The need for further, more detailed studies of industrial formations has been identified. This will help to identify patterns of valuable component distribution in the industrial mass and to study its extraction possibilities in more details. Full article
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10 pages, 909 KiB  
Article
Thermodynamics and Electrochemistry of the Interaction of Sphalerite with Iron (II)-Bearing Compounds in Relation to Flotation
by Kyaw Zay Ya, Boris Goryachev, Arkadiy Adigamov, Karina Nurgalieva and Igor Narozhnyy
Resources 2022, 11(12), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120108 - 28 Nov 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 1885
Abstract
The flotation recovery of sphalerite depends on the inorganic reagents concentrations in the liquid phase of suspension and pH. This paper presents the results of studies of the interactions of iron (II) containing ions with the sphalerite surface in water solutions at different [...] Read more.
The flotation recovery of sphalerite depends on the inorganic reagents concentrations in the liquid phase of suspension and pH. This paper presents the results of studies of the interactions of iron (II) containing ions with the sphalerite surface in water solutions at different pH levels. The thermodynamic and electrochemical studies were carried out to analyze possible interactions of sphalerite with iron (II) sulfate in a water environment and relate them to sphalerite flotation with potassium butyl xanthate and sodium dibutyl dithiophosphate. The results of the thermodynamic calculations revealed the possibility of interaction of the sphalerite surface with iron (II) hydrolysis products. The effect of the hydroxide ions concentration on precipitation of iron (II) hydroxides was examined. The findings showed that at pH = 8 there were no precipitates observed in water solutions of FeSO4. Increasing pH of the solutions from 8 to 12 resulted in the formation of iron (II) hydroxides. The potentiometric studies revealed that in slightly alkaline solutions the Fe2+ and FeOH+ cations are potential-determining. In conclusion, the flotation tests with thiol collectors show the activation effect of iron (II) sulphate on sphalerite at low dosage and pH 12. This is evident by a higher flotation recovery of sphalerite at these conditions. Full article
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16 pages, 1967 KiB  
Article
Proposal of an Algorithm for Choice of a Development System for Operational and Environmental Safety in Mining
by Marat M. Khayrutdinov, Vladimir I. Golik, Alexander V. Aleksakhin, Ekaterina V. Trushina, Natalia V. Lazareva and Yulia V. Aleksakhina
Resources 2022, 11(10), 88; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11100088 - 29 Sep 2022
Cited by 38 | Viewed by 2320
Abstract
In this paper, a method of mathematical modeling for solving the problem of reusing man-made waste from mining and the processing of ores is proposed. The use of intermediate products (man-made waste: tailings of processing plants, rocks from sinking operations and the technical [...] Read more.
In this paper, a method of mathematical modeling for solving the problem of reusing man-made waste from mining and the processing of ores is proposed. The use of intermediate products (man-made waste: tailings of processing plants, rocks from sinking operations and the technical water of mine drainage) in cyclic production presupposes their use as fill material components and placement in the mined-out voids of underground mines. The influence of mining factors on the fill material composition and the parameters of the created fill mass is justified. The results of a practical implementation of the proposed mathematical model are presented, and an algorithm is compiled. Deformation changes and stress concentration are key criteria in the proposed mathematical model. The proposed algorithm allows for the determination of the preferred system of deposit development, and the selection of its parameters and the fill material composition. Full article
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11 pages, 1962 KiB  
Article
Predicting Rock Bursts in Rock Mass Blocks Using Acoustic Emission
by Viktor V. Nosov, Alexey I. Borovkov and Artem P. Artyushchenko
Resources 2022, 11(10), 87; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11100087 - 29 Sep 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1883
Abstract
Geophysical methods for local rock burst prediction are currently being developed along two lines: improving recording equipment and improving data processing methods. Progress in developing processing methods is constrained by the lack of informative prognostic models that describe the condition of rock mass, [...] Read more.
Geophysical methods for local rock burst prediction are currently being developed along two lines: improving recording equipment and improving data processing methods. Progress in developing processing methods is constrained by the lack of informative prognostic models that describe the condition of rock mass, the process of rock mass fracturing, and the phenomena that can substantiate the choice of both criteria and test parameters of the condition of rock mass and give an estimate of the time remaining until rock pressure manifestation. In particular, despite achievements in hardware design, researchers using the seismo-acoustic method to predict rock bursts measure the acoustical activity or energy capacity of elastic wave scattering after a man-made explosion and are faced with the dependence of forecast results on destabilizing factors. To solve this problem, we applied an information and kinetic approach to forecasting. In this article, we discuss the principles of selecting test parameters that are resistant to destabilizing factors. We propose a micromechanical model of fracture accumulation in a rock mass block that reflects the dependence of acoustic emission (AE) parameters on time, which makes it possible to detect the influence of various factors on forecast data and filter the signals. We also propose criteria and a methodology for rock burst risk assessment. The results were tested in analyzing the seismo-acoustic phenomena caused by man-made explosions at the Taimyrsky and Oktyabrsky mines in Norilsk. The article gives examples of using the proposed criteria. The effectiveness of their application is compared with traditional methods for assessing rock burst risks and evaluating the stress–strain parameters of rock mass in terms of their being informative, stable, and representative by means of statistical processing of experimental data. Full article
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Other

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11 pages, 4443 KiB  
Opinion
Global Wheat Production and Threats to Supply Chains in a Volatile Climate Change and Energy Crisis
by Wiktor Halecki and Dawid Bedla
Resources 2022, 11(12), 118; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120118 - 9 Dec 2022
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 6700
Abstract
As climate change and energy crises increase, NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) fertilizer supply chains become more volatile. Globally, the Russian attack on Ukraine has caused the cost of gas to rise and fertilizer supplies to decline. This aggression may worsen the energy [...] Read more.
As climate change and energy crises increase, NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) fertilizer supply chains become more volatile. Globally, the Russian attack on Ukraine has caused the cost of gas to rise and fertilizer supplies to decline. This aggression may worsen the energy and wheat resource crisis in global supply chains. As a result of the escalation of hostilities, natural gas, oil, and coal prices have rapidly increased. In the years preceding the conflict, the agricultural sector had already begun to suffer, caused by unprecedented increases in the prices of natural gas and raw materials for the production of fertilizers stemming from Russian manipulation, especially in the gas market. Prior to the growing season, farmers were still unable to afford fertilizer prices. This situation will be exacerbated by the war. We can conclude from our results that European countries and the United States have high wheat production potential. Developed countries have significant nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilizer resources. Ukraine has a large yield gap, ranging between 4.5 and 7 Mg/ha. Wheat supply crises can be caused by tense geopolitical affairs, including military aggression and economic embargoes. Based on this, we recommend that decision-makers focus on crop quality to increase the country’s own production. Full article
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