Special Issue "Synthesis and Applications of Gold Nanoparticles"

A special issue of Nanomaterials (ISSN 2079-4991). This special issue belongs to the section "Inorganic Materials and Metal-Organic Frameworks".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 February 2023 | Viewed by 4341

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Wen-Huei Chang
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Applied Chemistry, National Pingtung University, Pingtung, Taiwan
Interests: plasmonic biosensing; gold nanoparticles photoreduction; photoresist

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Gold nanoparticles have become one of the most widely used nanomaterials due to their unique optical, electronic, and physical properties. The range of applications for AuNPs is growing rapidly and includes electronics, sensors, diagnostics, solar cells, catalysis, nanoengineering, photodynamic therapy, and therapeutic agent delivery, among others.

This Special Issue will accept outstanding contributions related to the topic, “Synthesis and Applications of Gold Nanoparticles”, covering areas ranging from the basic concepts to the up-to-date results concerning the very promising use of gold nanoparticles, and hopefully reaching the widest audience possible. The topics include AuNP synthesis, conjugation with biological and biocompatible ligands, diagnostics, plasmon-based labeling and imaging, optical and electrochemical sensing, and therapy for various diseases. I warmly invite researchers involved in the broad areas of gold nanoparticle research to contribute original research papers or review articles to this Special Issue, presenting the current progress in this field.

Prof. Dr. Wen-Huei Chang
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nanomaterials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • gold nanoparticles
  • metal nanoparticles
  • photonics
  • green synthesis
  • nanotechnology
  • functional material
  • biomedical applications

Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

Article
Highly Stable, Graphene-Wrapped, Petal-like, Gap-Enhanced Raman Tags
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(10), 1626; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12101626 - 10 May 2022
Viewed by 482
Abstract
Gap-enhanced Raman tags (GERTs) were widely used in cell or biological tissue imaging due to their narrow spectral linewidth, weak photobleaching effect, and low biological matrix interference. Here, we reported a new kind of graphene-wrapped, petal-like, gap-enhanced Raman tags (GP-GERTs). The 4-Nitrobenzenethiol (4-NBT) [...] Read more.
Gap-enhanced Raman tags (GERTs) were widely used in cell or biological tissue imaging due to their narrow spectral linewidth, weak photobleaching effect, and low biological matrix interference. Here, we reported a new kind of graphene-wrapped, petal-like, gap-enhanced Raman tags (GP-GERTs). The 4-Nitrobenzenethiol (4-NBT) Raman reporters were embedded in the petal-like nanogap, and graphene was wrapped on the surface of the petal-like, gap-enhanced Raman tags. Finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulations and Raman experimental studies jointly reveal the Raman enhancement mechanism of graphene. The SERS enhancement of GP-GERTs is jointly determined by the petal-like “interstitial hotspots” and electron transfer between graphene and 4-NBT molecules, and the total Raman enhancement factor (EF) can reach 1010. Mesoporous silica was grown on the surface of GP-GERTs by tetraethyl orthosilicate hydrolysis to obtain Raman tags of MS-GP-GERTs. Raman tag stability experiments showed that: MS-GP-GERTs not only can maintain the signal stability in aqueous solutions of different pH values (from 3 to 12) and simulated the physiological environment (up to 72 h), but it can also stably enhance the signal of different Raman molecules. These highly stable, high-signal-intensity nanotags show great potential for SERS-based bioimaging and multicolor imaging. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis and Applications of Gold Nanoparticles)
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Article
Near-Infrared Light-Triggered Nitric Oxide Nanogenerators for NO-Photothermal Synergistic Cancer Therapy
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(8), 1348; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12081348 - 14 Apr 2022
Viewed by 586
Abstract
Cancer is still one of the major health issues faced by human beings today. Various nanomaterials have been designed to treat tumors and have made great progress. Herein, we used amino-functionalized metal organic framework (UiO-66-NH2) as superior templates and successfully synthesized [...] Read more.
Cancer is still one of the major health issues faced by human beings today. Various nanomaterials have been designed to treat tumors and have made great progress. Herein, we used amino-functionalized metal organic framework (UiO-66-NH2) as superior templates and successfully synthesized the UiO-66-NH2@Aushell composite nanoparticles (UA) with high loading capacity and excellent photothermal properties through a simple and gentle method. In addition, due to the rich pore structure and excellent biocompatibility of the as-prepared composite nanoparticles, the hydrophobic NO donor BNN6 (N,N′-Di-sec-butyl-N,N′-dinitroso-1, 4-phenylenediamine) molecule was efficiently delivered. Based on the phenomenon where BNN6 molecules can decompose and release NO at high temperature, when UiO-66-NH2@Aushell-BNN6 composite nanoparticles (UA-BNN6) entered tumor cells and were irradiated by NIR, the porous gold nanoshells on the surface of composite nanoparticles induced an increase in temperature through the photothermal conversion process and promoted the decomposition of BNN6 molecules, releasing high concentration of NO, thus efficiently killing HeLa cells through the synergistic effect of NO-photothermal therapy. This effective, precise and safe treatment strategy controlled by NIR laser irradiation represents a promising alternative in the field of cancer treatment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis and Applications of Gold Nanoparticles)
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Article
Efficacy of Gold Nanoparticles against Drug-Resistant Nosocomial Fungal Pathogens and Their Extracellular Enzymes: Resistance Profiling towards Established Antifungal Agents
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(5), 814; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12050814 - 28 Feb 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 520
Abstract
Drug resistance of filamentous fungi to the commonly used antifungal agents is a major concern in medicine. Therefore, an effective approach to treat several opportunistic fungal infections is the need of the hour. Mentha piperita is used in home remedies to treat different [...] Read more.
Drug resistance of filamentous fungi to the commonly used antifungal agents is a major concern in medicine. Therefore, an effective approach to treat several opportunistic fungal infections is the need of the hour. Mentha piperita is used in home remedies to treat different disorders. Isolates of fungi were taken from hospitals in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and identified using molecular tools. Amphotericin B, Voriconazole, and Micafungin were applied to screen the resistance of these isolates using both disc and broth microdilution techniques. An aqueous extract of Mentha piperita was utilized to synthesize AuNPs and the nanoparticles were characterized using UV-Vis, FTIR, TEM, EDAX, and XRD. The AuNPs were tested for antifungal activity against the nosocomial fungal pathogens and the activity of extracellular enzymes of such pathogens were analyzed after treatment with AuNPs. We conclude that AuNPs synthesized using Mentha piperita do not possess especially effective antifungal properties against multi-drug resistant Aspergillus species. Five out of eighteen isolates were inhibited by AuNPs. When inhibition was observed, significant alterations in the activity profile of extracellular enzymes of the nosocomial fungi were observed. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis and Applications of Gold Nanoparticles)
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Article
Tetrahedral DNA Framework-Programmed Electrochemical Biosenors with Gold Nanoparticles for Ultrasensitive Cell-Free DNA Detection
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(4), 666; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12040666 - 16 Feb 2022
Viewed by 580
Abstract
Tumor-associated cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is a dynamic biomarker for genetic analysis, early diagnosis and clinical treatment of cancers. However, its detection has limitations because of its low abundance in blood or other complex bodily fluids. Herein, we developed an ultrasensitive cfDNA electrochemical biosensor [...] Read more.
Tumor-associated cell-free DNA (cfDNA) is a dynamic biomarker for genetic analysis, early diagnosis and clinical treatment of cancers. However, its detection has limitations because of its low abundance in blood or other complex bodily fluids. Herein, we developed an ultrasensitive cfDNA electrochemical biosensor (E-cfDNA sensor) based on tetrahedral DNA framework (TDF)-modified gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) with an interface for cfDNA detection. By accurately controlling the numbers of base pairs on each DNA framework, three types of TDFs were programmed: 26 base pairs of TDF; 17 base pairs of TDF; and 7 base pairs of TDF (TDF-26, TDF-16 and TDF-7, respectively). We also combined the TDF with hybridization chain reaction (HCR) to achieve signal amplification. Under optimal conditions, we detected the breast cancer susceptibility gene 1 (BRCA-1), a representative cfDNA closely related to breast cancer. An ultra-low detection limit of 1 aM with a linear range from 1 aM to 1 pM by TDF-26 was obtained, which was superior to the existing methods. Each type of TDF has excellent discrimination ability, which can distinguish single mismatch. More significantly, we also detected BRCA-1 in mimic serum samples, demonstrating that the E-cfDNA sensor has potential use in clinical research. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis and Applications of Gold Nanoparticles)
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Article
Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles Using Upland Cress and Their Biochemical Characterization and Assessment
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(1), 28; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12010028 - 23 Dec 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1462
Abstract
This research focuses on the plant-mediated green synthesis process to produce gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) using upland cress (Barbarea verna), as various biomolecules within the upland cress act as both reducing and capping agents. The synthesized gold nanoparticles were thoroughly characterized using UV-vis [...] Read more.
This research focuses on the plant-mediated green synthesis process to produce gold nanoparticles (Au NPs) using upland cress (Barbarea verna), as various biomolecules within the upland cress act as both reducing and capping agents. The synthesized gold nanoparticles were thoroughly characterized using UV-vis spectroscopy, surface charge (zeta potential) analysis, scanning electron microscopy-energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX), atomic force microscopy (AFM), attenuated total reflection Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR), and X-ray diffraction (XRD). The results indicated the synthesized Au NPs are spherical and well-dispersed with an average diameter ~11 nm and a characteristic absorbance peak at ~529 nm. EDX results showed an 11.13% gold content. Colloidal Au NP stability was confirmed with a zeta potential (ζ) value of −36.8 mV. X-ray diffraction analysis verified the production of crystalline face-centered cubic gold. Moreover, the antimicrobial activity of the Au NPs was evaluated using Gram-negative Escherichiacoli and Gram-positive Bacillus megaterium. Results demonstrated concentration-dependent antimicrobial properties. Lastly, applications of the Au NPs in catalysis and biomedicine were evaluated. The catalytic activity of Au NPs was demonstrated through the conversion of 4-nitrophenol to 4-aminophenol which followed first-order kinetics. Cellular uptake and cytotoxicity were evaluated using both BMSCs (stem) and HeLa (cancer) cells and the results were cell type dependent. The synthesized Au NPs show great potential for various applications such as catalysis, pharmaceutics, and biomedicine. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis and Applications of Gold Nanoparticles)
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