Special Issue "Advanced Carbon Nanostructures: Synthesis, Properties and Applications"

A special issue of Nanomaterials (ISSN 2079-4991). This special issue belongs to the section "Synthesis, Interfaces and Nanostructures".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 September 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Marianna V. Kharlamova
Website
Guest Editor
1 Institute of Materials Chemistry, Vienna University of Technology, Getreidemarkt 9/BC/2, 1060 Vienna, Austria
2 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (National Research University), 9 Institutskiy per., Dolgoprudny, Russia
Interests: carbon nanomaterials; carbon nanotubes; graphene; chemical functionalization; Raman spectroscopy; growth kinetics; electronic properties
Dr. Christian Kramberger
Website
Guest Editor
Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Strudlhofgasse 4, 1090 Vienna, Austria
Interests: graphene; carbon nanotubes; electron microscopy; electron energy loss spectroscopy; photoemission spectroscopy; Raman spectroscopy
Dr. Alexander Chernov
Website
Guest Editor
1 Russian Quantum Center, Skolkovo innovation city, 30 Bolshoy Bulvar, Moscow, Russia
2 Center for Photonics and 2D Materials, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (National Research University), 9 Institutskiy per., Dolgoprudny, Russia
Interests: graphene nanoribbons; photoluminescence spectroscopy; optical absorption spectroscopy; ultrafast laser spectroscopy; magneto-optics; carbon nanotube separation

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,


Carbon nanomaterials (carbon nanotubes, graphene, graphene nanoribbons, 2D heterostructures, fullerenes, nanodiamonds, and related carbon nanostructures) are a wide class of materials that reflect the chemical versatility of carbon. They provide unique systems where beautifully simple concepts of low-dimensional physics and chemistry can be explored in experimental materials science. The inherent appeal of simple physics and chemistry is, however, intimately coupled to a plethora of exceptional material properties. These give rise to the fascinating physical, chemical, and mechanical properties of carbon nanomaterials. The unusual properties have triggered right from the beginning an ever-growing and unstoppable avalanche of fundamental and applied research. Today, fundamental research on carbon nanomaterials has matured, and the ongoing research is expanding toward applications. Functional carbon nanostructures have strong application potential in such fields as electronics, energy storage devices, catalysis, sensors, spintronics, photovoltaics, light emission, construction materials, and nanomedicine.


This Special issue will focus on the synthesis, purification, sorting, functionalization, characterization, chemical and physical properties, application, theory, and modeling of carbon nanotubes, graphene, graphene nanoribbons, 2D heterostructures, fullerenes, nanodiamonds, and other novel carbon nanostructures. The issue is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the recent and forthcoming progress in the field. It will help researchers to quickly find and identify related and relevant publications for their own work on carbon nanostructures.

 

We invite interested authors to submit their original experimental and theoretical papers as well as review articles themed within the subject for inclusion in this Special issue, which will boost the visibility of their work.

Dr. Marianna V. Kharlamova
Dr. Christian Kramberger
Dr. Alexander Chernov
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nanomaterials is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Carbon nanostructure
  • Carbon nanotube
  • Graphene
  • Graphene nanoribbon
  • 2D heterostructure
  • Synthesis
  • Sorting
  • Functionalization
  • Characterization
  • Chemical and physical properties
  • Application
  • Theory and modeling

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Organic–Inorganic Ternary Nanohybrids of Single-Walled Carbon Nanohorns for Room Temperature Chemiresistive Ethanol Detection
Nanomaterials 2020, 10(12), 2552; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano10122552 - 18 Dec 2020
Abstract
Organic–inorganic ternary nanohybrids consisting of oxidized-single walled carbon nanohorns-SnO2-polyvinylpyrrolidone (ox-SWCNH/SnO2/PVP) with stoichiometry 1/1/1 and 2/1/1 and ox-SWCNH/ZnO/PVP = 5/2/1 and 5/3/2 (all mass ratios) were synthesized and characterized as sensing films of chemiresistive test structures for ethanol vapor detection [...] Read more.
Organic–inorganic ternary nanohybrids consisting of oxidized-single walled carbon nanohorns-SnO2-polyvinylpyrrolidone (ox-SWCNH/SnO2/PVP) with stoichiometry 1/1/1 and 2/1/1 and ox-SWCNH/ZnO/PVP = 5/2/1 and 5/3/2 (all mass ratios) were synthesized and characterized as sensing films of chemiresistive test structures for ethanol vapor detection in dry air, in the range from 0 up to 50 mg/L. All the sensing films had an ox-SWCNH concentration in the range of 33.3–62.5 wt%. A comparison between the transfer functions and the response and recovery times of these sensing devices has shown that the structures with ox-SWCNH/SnO2/PVP = 1/1/1 have the highest relative sensitivities of 0.0022 (mg/L)−1, while the devices with ox-SWCNH/SnO2/PVP = 2/1/1 have the lowest response time (15 s) and recovery time (50 s) for a room temperature operation, proving the key role of carbonic material in shaping the static and dynamic performance of the sensor. These response and recovery times are lower than those of “heated” commercial sensors. The sensing mechanism is explained in terms of the overall response of a p-type semiconductor, where ox-SWCNH percolated between electrodes of the sensor, shunting the heterojunctions made between n-type SnO2 or ZnO and p-type ox-SWCNH. The hard–soft acid–base (HSAB) principle supports this mechanism. The low power consumption of these devices, below 2 mW, and the sensing performances at room temperature may open new avenues towards ethanol sensors for passive samplers of environment monitoring, alcohol test portable instruments and wireless network sensors for Internet of Things applications. Full article
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Control of Fermi level shifts in single-walled carbon nanotubes by filling with halogenides of 3d, 4d, 4f, 5s and 6p metals
Authors: Marianna V. Kharlamova1,2, Christian Kramberger3, Dominik Eder1
Affiliation: 1 Institute of Materials Chemistry, Vienna University of Technology, Getreidemarkt 9/BC/2, 1060 Vienna, Austria, 2 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (State University), Institutskii pereulok 9, 141700 Dolgoprudny, Russia, 3 Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Strudlhofgasse 4, 1090 Vienna, Austria
Abstract: We performed the filling of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs) with halogenides of 3d, 4d, 4f, 5s and 6p metals (AgCl, CdI2, TbCl3, RbI and PbCl2, respectively). The filling was conformed by high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. The electronic properties of the filled SWCNTs were studied by Raman spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy. It was shows that despite the similar filling procedure of SWCNTs, the encapsulated salts cause different Fermi level shifts of SWCNTs by -0.4 (AgCl), -0.3 (CdI2), -0.4 (TbCl3),+0.2 (RbI) and -0.15 eV (PbCl2), i.e. AgCl, CdI2, TbCl3 and PbCl2 lead to p-doping of SWCNTs and RbI causes n-doping of SWCNTs. This demonstrates the dependence of Fermi level position in filled SWCNTs on the embedded salt. The possibility of control of Fermi level shifts of SWCNTs by filling with appropriate substances puts filled SWCNTs step forward toward applications.

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