Special Issue "Functional Nanomagnetics and Magneto-Optical Nanomaterials"

A special issue of Nanomaterials (ISSN 2079-4991).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 May 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Dr. Alex V. Trukhanov
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
SSPA “Scientific and Practical Materials Research Centre of the National Academy of Sciences of Belarus”, Belarus, 220072, Minsk, P.Brovki str., 19, Russia
Interests: Low-dimension magnetism, magnetic thin films and quasi-one dimensional structures, functional magnetic oxides, multiferroics

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Nanosized magnetic materials with a strong correlation between compositions, structure, and functional properties are attracting much attention due to the large number of fundamental phenomena they allow to study and their prospects for practical applications. The features of the chemical processes and physical interactions in low-dimensional nanomagnets are very important for interdisciplinary research development. Technical, scientific, industrial, and consumer demands lead to the emergence of new technologies that will make our world a better place. I kindly invite you to make a contribution to this Special Issue of Nanomaterials titled “Functional Nanomagnetics and Magneto-Optical Nanomaterials”

Dr. Alex V. Trukhanov
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nanomaterials is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Functional Nanomagnetics
  • Magneto-Optical Nanomaterials
  • Magnetic 2D materials (nanosized or nanostructured films)
  • Magnetic 1D materials (nanowires and nanotubes)
  • Magnetic Quasi-1D and 0D materials (nanoislands and quantum dots)
  • Strongly correlated magnetic materials with low dimensions

Published Papers (9 papers)

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Research

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Open AccessArticle
Functional Magnetic Composites Based on Hexaferrites: Correlation of the Composition, Magnetic and High-Frequency Properties
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(12), 1720; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9121720 - 02 Dec 2019
Abstract
The paper describes preparation features of functional composites based on ferrites, such as “Ba(Fe1xGax)12O19/epoxy,” and the results of studying their systems; namely, the correlation between structure, magnetic properties and electromagnetic absorption characteristics. We [...] Read more.
The paper describes preparation features of functional composites based on ferrites, such as “Ba(Fe1xGax)12O19/epoxy,” and the results of studying their systems; namely, the correlation between structure, magnetic properties and electromagnetic absorption characteristics. We demonstrated the strong mutual influence of the chemical compositions of magnetic fillers (Ba(Fe1xGax)12O19 0.01 < x < 0.1 solid solutions), and the main magnetic (coercivity, magnetization, anisotropy field and the first anisotropy constant) and microwave (resonant frequency and amplitude) characteristics of functional composites with 30 wt.% of hexaferrite. The paper presents a correlation between the chemical compositions of composites and amplitude–frequency characteristics. Increase of Ga-content from x = 0 to 0.1 in Ba(Fe1xGax)12O19/epoxy composites leads to increase of the resonant frequency from 51 to 54 GHz and absorption amplitude from −1.5 to −10.5 dB/mm. The ability to control the electromagnetic properties in these types of composites opens great prospects for their practical applications due to high absorption efficiency, and lower cost in comparison with pure ceramics oxides. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Nanomagnetics and Magneto-Optical Nanomaterials)
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Open AccessArticle
Synthesis of Mn0.5Zn0.5SmxEuxFe1.8−2xO4 Nanoparticles via the Hydrothermal Approach Induced Anti-Cancer and Anti-Bacterial Activities
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(11), 1635; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9111635 - 18 Nov 2019
Abstract
Manganese metallic nanoparticles are attractive materials for various biological and medical applications. In the present study, we synthesized unique Mn0.5Zn0.5SmxEuxFe1.8−2xO4 (0.01 ≤ x ≤ 0.05) nanoparticles (NPs) by using the hydrothermal approach. [...] Read more.
Manganese metallic nanoparticles are attractive materials for various biological and medical applications. In the present study, we synthesized unique Mn0.5Zn0.5SmxEuxFe1.8−2xO4 (0.01 ≤ x ≤ 0.05) nanoparticles (NPs) by using the hydrothermal approach. The structure and surface morphology of the products were determined by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD), transmission electron and scanning electron microcopies (TEM and SEM), along with energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). We evaluated the impact of Mn0.5Zn0.5SmxEuxFe1.8−2xO4 NPs on both human embryonic stem cells (HEK-293) (normal cells) and human colon carcinoma cells (HCT-116) (cancerous cells). We found that post-48 h of treatment of all products showed a significant decline in the cancer cell population as revealed by microscopically and the (3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) tetrazolium (MTT) assay. The inhibitory concentration (IC50) values of the products ranged between 0.75 and 2.25 µg/mL. When tested on normal and healthy cells (HEK-293), we found that the treatment of products did not produce any effects on the normal cells, which suggests that all products selectively targeted the cancerous cells. The anti-bacterial properties of the samples were also evaluated by Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) and Minimum Bactericidal Concentration (MBC) assays, which showed that products also inhibited the bacterial growth. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Nanomagnetics and Magneto-Optical Nanomaterials)
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Open AccessArticle
Synthesis and Properties of Ferrite-Based Nanoparticles
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(8), 1079; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9081079 - 27 Jul 2019
Cited by 2
Abstract
The work is dedicated to the study of the structural and optical characteristics, as well as the phase transformations, of ferrite nanoparticles of CeO2-Fe2O3. To characterize the results obtained, the methods of scanning and transmission microscopy, X-ray [...] Read more.
The work is dedicated to the study of the structural and optical characteristics, as well as the phase transformations, of ferrite nanoparticles of CeO2-Fe2O3. To characterize the results obtained, the methods of scanning and transmission microscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD) spectroscopy, and Mössbauer spectroscopy were applied. It was found that the initial nanoparticles are polycrystalline structures based on cerium oxide with the presence of X-ray amorphous inclusions in the structure, which are characteristic of iron oxide. The study determined the dynamics of phase and structural transformations, as well as the appearance of a magnetic texture depending on the annealing temperature. According to the Mossbauer spectroscopy data, it has been established that a rise in the annealing temperature gives rise to an ordering of the magnetic properties and a decrease in the concentration of cationic and vacancy defects in the structure. During the life test of synthesized nanoparticles as cathode materials for lithium-ion batteries, the dependences of the cathode lifetime on the phase composition of nanoparticles were established. It is established that the appearance of a magnetic component in the structure result in a growth in the resource lifetime and the number of operating cycles. The results show the prospects of using these nanoparticles as the basis for lithium-ion batteries, and the simplicity of synthesis and the ability to control phase transformations opens up the possibility of scalable production of these nanoparticles for cathode materials. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Nanomagnetics and Magneto-Optical Nanomaterials)
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Open AccessArticle
Study of Magnetic Properties of Fe100-xNix Nanostructures Using the Mössbauer Spectroscopy Method
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(5), 757; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9050757 - 17 May 2019
Cited by 4
Abstract
Hyperfine interactions of 57Fe nuclei in Fe100-xNix nanostructures synthesized in polymer ion-track membranes were studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy. The main part of obtained nanostructures was Fe100-xNix nanotubes with bcc structure for 0 ≤ x ≤ 40, [...] Read more.
Hyperfine interactions of 57Fe nuclei in Fe100-xNix nanostructures synthesized in polymer ion-track membranes were studied by Mössbauer spectroscopy. The main part of obtained nanostructures was Fe100-xNix nanotubes with bcc structure for 0 ≤ x ≤ 40, and with fcc structure for 50 ≤ x ≤ 90. The length, outside diameter and wall thickness of nanotubes were 12 μm, 400 ± 10 nm and 120 ± 5 nm respectively. For the studied nanotubes a magnetic texture is observedalong their axis. The average value of the angle between the direction of the Fe atom magnetic moment and the nanotubes axis decreases with increasing of Ni concentration for nanotubes with bcc structure from ~50° to ~40°, and with fcc structure from ~55° to ~46°. The concentration dependences of the hyperfine parameters of nanotubes Mössbauer spectra are qualitatively consistent with the data for bulk polycrystalline samples. With Ni concentration increasing the average value of the hyperfine magnetic field increases from ~328 kOe to ~335 kOe for the bcc structure and drops to ~303 kOe in the transition to the fcc structure and then decreases to ~290 kOe at x = 90. Replacing the Fe atom with the Ni atom in the nearest environment of Fe atom within nanotubes with bcc structure lead to an increase in the hyperfine magnetic field by “6–9 kOe”, and in tubes with fcc structure—to a decrease in the hyperfine magnetic field by “11–16 kOe”. The changes of the quadrupole shift and hyperfine magnetic field are linearly correlated with the coefficient −(15 ± 5)·10−4 mm/s/kOe. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Nanomagnetics and Magneto-Optical Nanomaterials)
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Open AccessArticle
Extremely Polysubstituted Magnetic Material Based on Magnetoplumbite with a Hexagonal Structure: Synthesis, Structure, Properties, Prospects
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(4), 559; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9040559 - 06 Apr 2019
Cited by 1
Abstract
Crystalline high-entropy single-phase products with a magnetoplumbite structure with grains in the μm range were obtained using solid-state sintering. The synthesis temperature was up to 1400 °C. The morphology, chemical composition, crystal structure, magnetic, and electrodynamic properties were studied and compared with pure [...] Read more.
Crystalline high-entropy single-phase products with a magnetoplumbite structure with grains in the μm range were obtained using solid-state sintering. The synthesis temperature was up to 1400 °C. The morphology, chemical composition, crystal structure, magnetic, and electrodynamic properties were studied and compared with pure barium hexaferrite BaFe12O19 matrix. The polysubstituted high-entropy single-phase product contains five doping elements at a high concentration level. According to the EDX data, the new compound has a formula of Ba(Fe6Ga1.25In1.17Ti1.21Cr1.22Co1.15)O19. The calculated cell parameter values were a = 5.9253(5) Å, c = 23.5257(22) Å, and V = 715.32(9) Å3. The increase in the unit cell for the substituted sample was expected due to the different ionic radius of Ti/In/Ga/Cr/Co compared with Fe3+. The electrodynamic measurements were performed. The dielectric and magnetic permeabilities were stable in the frequency range from 2 to 12 GHz. In this frequency range, the dielectric and magnetic losses were −0.2/0.2. Due to these electrodynamic parameters, this material can be used in the design of microwave strip devices. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Nanomagnetics and Magneto-Optical Nanomaterials)
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Open AccessArticle
Fe3O4 Nanoparticles for Complex Targeted Delivery and Boron Neutron Capture Therapy
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(4), 494; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9040494 - 31 Mar 2019
Cited by 10
Abstract
Magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) and their surface modification with therapeutic substances are of great interest, especially drug delivery for cancer therapy, including boron-neutron capture therapy (BNCT). In this paper, we present the results of boron-rich compound (carborane borate) attachment to [...] Read more.
Magnetic Fe3O4 nanoparticles (NPs) and their surface modification with therapeutic substances are of great interest, especially drug delivery for cancer therapy, including boron-neutron capture therapy (BNCT). In this paper, we present the results of boron-rich compound (carborane borate) attachment to previously aminated by (3-aminopropyl)-trimethoxysilane (APTMS) iron oxide NPs. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy with Attenuated total reflectance accessory (ATR-FTIR) and energy-dispersive X-ray analysis confirmed the change of the element content of NPs after modification and formation of new bonds between Fe3O4 NPs and the attached molecules. Transmission (TEM) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) showed Fe3O4 NPs’ average size of 18.9 nm. Phase parameters were studied by powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), and the magnetic behavior of Fe3O4 NPs was elucidated by Mössbauer spectroscopy. The colloidal and chemical stability of NPs was studied using simulated body fluid (phosphate buffer—PBS). Modified NPs have shown excellent stability in PBS (pH = 7.4), characterized by XRD, Mössbauer spectroscopy, and dynamic light scattering (DLS). Biocompatibility was evaluated in-vitro using cultured mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs). The results show us an increasing of IC50 from 0.110 mg/mL for Fe3O4 NPs to 0.405 mg/mL for Fe3O4-Carborane NPs. The obtained data confirm the biocompatibility and stability of synthesized NPs and the potential to use them in BNCT. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Nanomagnetics and Magneto-Optical Nanomaterials)
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Open AccessArticle
A First-Principles Study on the Multiferroic Property of Two-Dimensional BaTiO3 (001) Ultrathin Film with Surface Ba Vacancy
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(2), 269; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9020269 - 15 Feb 2019
Abstract
In this work, the multiferroic property of Ba-deficient BaTiO3 (001) ultrathin film is studied employing the first-principles approach. The BaTiO3 (001) ultrathin film is more energetically stable and behaves as a semiconductor relative to the (111) and (101) configurations, confirmed from [...] Read more.
In this work, the multiferroic property of Ba-deficient BaTiO3 (001) ultrathin film is studied employing the first-principles approach. The BaTiO3 (001) ultrathin film is more energetically stable and behaves as a semiconductor relative to the (111) and (101) configurations, confirmed from the surface grand potential and electronic density of states. The electronic structures show that the O vacancy can switch the (001) film from a semi-conductor into a metal, while the Ba defect has a slight influence on the band gap, at a concentration of ~2.13%. In Ba-deficient (001) film, the spontaneous polarization pattern is changed and a spontaneous polarization parallel to the surface is observed. Furthermore, a magnetic moment is induced, and it is found to be originated from the O atoms in the supercell. Our results suggest that a strong magnetoelectric coupling occurs because the magnetic moment exhibits a 43.66% drop when the spontaneous polarization increases from 12.84 µC/cm2 to 23.99 µC/cm2 in the deficient BaTiO3 with m = 2 under the bi-axial compress stress field. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Nanomagnetics and Magneto-Optical Nanomaterials)
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Review

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Open AccessReview
Biosensing and Delivery of Nucleic Acids Involving Selected Well-Known and Rising Star Functional Nanomaterials
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(11), 1614; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9111614 - 14 Nov 2019
Abstract
In the last fifteen years, the nucleic acid biosensors and delivery area has seen a breakthrough due to the interrelation between the recognition of nucleic acid’s high specificity, the great sensitivity of electrochemical and optical transduction and the unprecedented opportunities imparted by nanotechnology. [...] Read more.
In the last fifteen years, the nucleic acid biosensors and delivery area has seen a breakthrough due to the interrelation between the recognition of nucleic acid’s high specificity, the great sensitivity of electrochemical and optical transduction and the unprecedented opportunities imparted by nanotechnology. Advances in this area have demonstrated that the assembly of nanoscaled materials allows the performance enhancement, particularly in terms of sensitivity and response time, of functional nucleic acids’ biosensing and delivery to a level suitable for the construction of point-of-care diagnostic tools. Consequently, this has propelled detection methods using nanomaterials to the vanguard of the biosensing and delivery research fields. This review overviews the striking advancement in functional nanomaterials’ assisted biosensing and delivery of nucleic acids. We highlight the advantages demonstrated by selected well-known and rising star functional nanomaterials (metallic, magnetic and Janus nanomaterials) focusing on the literature produced in the past five years. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Nanomagnetics and Magneto-Optical Nanomaterials)
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Other

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Open AccessPerspective
Magnetic Tracking of Protein Synthesis in Microfluidic Environments—Challenges and Perspectives
Nanomaterials 2019, 9(4), 585; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9040585 - 09 Apr 2019
Abstract
A novel technique to study protein synthesis is proposed that uses magnetic nanoparticles in combination with microfluidic devices to achieve new insights into translational regulation. Cellular protein synthesis is an energy-demanding process which is tightly controlled and is dependent on environmental and developmental [...] Read more.
A novel technique to study protein synthesis is proposed that uses magnetic nanoparticles in combination with microfluidic devices to achieve new insights into translational regulation. Cellular protein synthesis is an energy-demanding process which is tightly controlled and is dependent on environmental and developmental requirements. Processivity and regulation of protein synthesis as part of the posttranslational nano-machinery has now moved back into the focus of cell biology, since it became apparent that multiple mechanisms are in place for fine-tuning of translation and conditional selection of transcripts. Recent methodological developments, such as ribosome foot printing, propel current research. Here we propose a strategy to open up a new field of labelling, separation, and analysis of specific polysomes using superparamagnetic particles following pharmacological arrest of translation during cell lysis and subsequent analysis. Translation occurs in polysomes, which are assemblies of specific transcripts, associated ribosomes, nascent polypeptides, and other factors. This supramolecular structure allows for unique approaches to selection of polysomes by targeting the specific transcript, ribosomes, or nascent polypeptides. Once labeled with functionalized superparamagnetic particles, such assemblies can be separated in microfluidic devices or magnetic ratchets and quantified. Insights into the dynamics of translation is obtained through quantifying large numbers of ribosomes along different locations of the polysome. Thus, an entire new concept for in vitro, ex vivo, and eventually single cell analysis will be realized and will allow for magnetic tracking of protein synthesis. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Nanomagnetics and Magneto-Optical Nanomaterials)
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