Current Review in Nanofabrication and Nanomanufacturing

A special issue of Nanomaterials (ISSN 2079-4991). This special issue belongs to the section "Nanofabrication and Nanomanufacturing".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 December 2022) | Viewed by 42077

Special Issue Editor


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Guest Editor
European Institute of Membranes (IEM), University of Montpellier, 34090 Montpellier, France
Interests: atomic layer deposition; photocatalysis; electrospinning; nanomaterials; sensors; thin films
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The tuning of the morphology, size, porosity, organization, crystallinity, and chemical composition of materials at nanoscale, as well as their interfaces (surface charge, chemical function, hydrophobicity/hydrophilicity, etc.), are crucial to control their properties and allow their applications in various fields, such as electronics, photonics, energy, life sciences, and the environment.

The aim of this Special Issue is to assemble high-quality reviews on nanoprocessing approaches allowing to create novel nanostructures and architecture using innovative synthesis, fabrication, and manufacturing methods, enabling the control of their properties as well as their applications. Reviews related to the following topics will be highly encouraged.

  • Synthesis, fabrication, and manufacturing of nanostructured and nanoscale materials;
  • Design of nanoparticles and clusters with control morphology and complex structures (core/shell, alloy, etc.);
  • Formation of 1D nanostructures (nanofibers, nanotubes, nanorods, etc.);
  • 2D materials and their heterostructures;
  • Coatings and thin films;
  • Hybrid nanostructures (organic/inorganic);
  • Nanocomposites;
  • Self-assembly and organization;
  • Nanostructured materials such as Zeolies, MOFs, and membranes.

Reviews related to the applications of these nanomaterials in different fields, such as health, environment, and renewable energy, will also be considered. Reviews related to prospective materials design, original materials properties, and innovative characterization techniques will be appreciated.

This is a joint Special Issue, accepted papers are published in the joint Special Issue in Nanomaterials or Nanomanufacturing (https://www.mdpi.com/journal/nanomanufacturing/special_issues/Nano_fabrication).

Dr. Mikhael Bechelany
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Nanomaterials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (8 papers)

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Research

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13 pages, 4211 KiB  
Article
A Durable Magnetic Superhydrophobic Melamine Sponge: For Solving Complex Marine Oil Spills
by Hanmo Si, Qingwang Liu, Zhenzhong Fan, Biao Wang, Qilei Tong and Mengqi Lin
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(14), 2488; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12142488 - 20 Jul 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1707
Abstract
The problem of offshore oil leakage has wreaked havoc on the environment and people’s health. A simple and environmentally friendly impregnation method combined with marine mussel bionics was used to address this issue. Using the viscosity of polydopamine (PDA), nano- Fe3O [...] Read more.
The problem of offshore oil leakage has wreaked havoc on the environment and people’s health. A simple and environmentally friendly impregnation method combined with marine mussel bionics was used to address this issue. Using the viscosity of polydopamine (PDA), nano- Fe3O4 and WS2 adhered to the framework of the melamine sponge (MS), and then the magnetic sponge was modified with n-octadecanethiol (OTD), and finally the superhydrophobic magnetic melamine sponge (mMS) was prepared. The modified sponge has superhydrophobicity (WCA, 156.8° ± 1.18°), high adsorbability (40~100 g°g−1), recyclability (oil adsorbability remains essentially unchanged after 25 cycles), efficient oil–water separation performance (>98%), and can quickly separate oil on the water’s surface and underwater. Furthermore, the modified sponge exhibits excellent stability and durability under harsh operating conditions such as strong sunlight, strong acid, strong alkali, and high salt, and can control the direction of the sponge’s movement by loading a magnetic field. To summarize, mMS has many potential applications as a new magnetic adsorption material for dealing with complex offshore oil spill events. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Review in Nanofabrication and Nanomanufacturing)
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11 pages, 5163 KiB  
Communication
Nanolayered CoCrFeNi/Graphene Composites with High Strength and Crack Resistance
by Xiaobin Feng, Ke Cao, Xiege Huang, Guodong Li and Yang Lu
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(12), 2113; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12122113 - 20 Jun 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1863
Abstract
Emerging high-entropy alloy (HEA) films achieve high strength but generally show ineludible brittle fractures, strongly restricting their micro/nano-mechanical and functional applications. Nanolayered (NL) CoCrFeNi/graphene composites are elaborately fabricated via magnetron sputtering and the transfer process. It is uncovered that NL CoCrFeNi/graphene composite pillars [...] Read more.
Emerging high-entropy alloy (HEA) films achieve high strength but generally show ineludible brittle fractures, strongly restricting their micro/nano-mechanical and functional applications. Nanolayered (NL) CoCrFeNi/graphene composites are elaborately fabricated via magnetron sputtering and the transfer process. It is uncovered that NL CoCrFeNi/graphene composite pillars exhibit a simultaneous ultra-high strength of 4.73 GPa and considerable compressive plasticity of over 20%. Detailed electron microscope observations and simulations reveal that the monolayer graphene interface can effectively block the crack propagation and stimulate dislocations to accommodate further deformation. Our findings open avenues for the fabrication of high-performance, HEA-based composites, thereby addressing the challenges and unmet needs in flexible electronics and mechanical metamaterials. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Review in Nanofabrication and Nanomanufacturing)
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Review

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27 pages, 9166 KiB  
Review
Tin/Tin Oxide Nanostructures: Formation, Application, and Atomic and Electronic Structure Peculiarities
by Poting Liu and Vladimir Sivakov
Nanomaterials 2023, 13(17), 2391; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano13172391 - 22 Aug 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1976
Abstract
For a very long period, tin was considered one of the most important metals for humans due to its easy access in nature and abundance of sources. In the past, tin was mainly used to make various utensils and weapons. Today, nanostructured tin [...] Read more.
For a very long period, tin was considered one of the most important metals for humans due to its easy access in nature and abundance of sources. In the past, tin was mainly used to make various utensils and weapons. Today, nanostructured tin and especially its oxide materials have been found to possess many characteristic physical and chemical properties that allow their use as functional materials in various fields such as energy storage, photocatalytic process, gas sensors, and solar cells. This review discusses current methods for the synthesis of Sn/SnO2 composite materials in form of powder or thin film, as well as the application of the most advanced characterization tools based on large-scale synchrotron radiation facilities to study their chemical composition and electronic features. In addition, the applications of Sn/SnO2 composites in various fields are presented in detail. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Review in Nanofabrication and Nanomanufacturing)
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32 pages, 3905 KiB  
Review
Platinum-Based Nanoformulations for Glioblastoma Treatment: The Resurgence of Platinum Drugs?
by Paula Alfonso-Triguero, Julia Lorenzo, Ana Paula Candiota, Carles Arús, Daniel Ruiz-Molina and Fernando Novio
Nanomaterials 2023, 13(10), 1619; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano13101619 - 12 May 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 2567
Abstract
Current therapies for treating Glioblastoma (GB), and brain tumours in general, are inefficient and represent numerous challenges. In addition to surgical resection, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are presently used as standards of care. However, treated patients still face a dismal prognosis with a median [...] Read more.
Current therapies for treating Glioblastoma (GB), and brain tumours in general, are inefficient and represent numerous challenges. In addition to surgical resection, chemotherapy and radiotherapy are presently used as standards of care. However, treated patients still face a dismal prognosis with a median survival below 15–18 months. Temozolomide (TMZ) is the main chemotherapeutic agent administered; however, intrinsic or acquired resistance to TMZ contributes to the limited efficacy of this drug. To circumvent the current drawbacks in GB treatment, a large number of classical and non-classical platinum complexes have been prepared and tested for anticancer activity, especially platinum (IV)-based prodrugs. Platinum complexes, used as alkylating agents in the anticancer chemotherapy of some malignancies, are though often associated with severe systemic toxicity (i.e., neurotoxicity), especially after long-term treatments. The objective of the current developments is to produce novel nanoformulations with improved lipophilicity and passive diffusion, promoting intracellular accumulation, while reducing toxicity and optimizing the concomitant treatment of chemo-/radiotherapy. Moreover, the blood–brain barrier (BBB) prevents the access of the drugs to the brain and accumulation in tumour cells, so it represents a key challenge for GB management. The development of novel nanomedicines with the ability to (i) encapsulate Pt-based drugs and pro-drugs, (ii) cross the BBB, and (iii) specifically target cancer cells represents a promising approach to increase the therapeutic effect of the anticancer drugs and reduce undesired side effects. In this review, a critical discussion is presented concerning different families of nanoparticles able to encapsulate platinum anticancer drugs and their application for GB treatment, emphasizing their potential for increasing the effectiveness of platinum-based drugs. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Review in Nanofabrication and Nanomanufacturing)
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30 pages, 26873 KiB  
Review
Nanoparticle and Nanostructure Synthesis and Controlled Growth Methods
by Vancha Harish, Md Mustafiz Ansari, Devesh Tewari, Manish Gaur, Awadh Bihari Yadav, María-Luisa García-Betancourt, Fatehy M. Abdel-Haleem, Mikhael Bechelany and Ahmed Barhoum
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(18), 3226; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12183226 - 16 Sep 2022
Cited by 50 | Viewed by 12813
Abstract
Nanomaterials are materials with one or more nanoscale dimensions (internal or external) (i.e., 1 to 100 nm). The nanomaterial shape, size, porosity, surface chemistry, and composition are controlled at the nanoscale, and this offers interesting properties compared with bulk materials. This review describes [...] Read more.
Nanomaterials are materials with one or more nanoscale dimensions (internal or external) (i.e., 1 to 100 nm). The nanomaterial shape, size, porosity, surface chemistry, and composition are controlled at the nanoscale, and this offers interesting properties compared with bulk materials. This review describes how nanomaterials are classified, their fabrication, functionalization techniques, and growth-controlled mechanisms. First, the history of nanomaterials is summarized and then the different classification methods, based on their dimensionality (0–3D), composition (carbon, inorganic, organic, and hybrids), origin (natural, incidental, engineered, bioinspired), crystal phase (single phase, multiphase), and dispersion state (dispersed or aggregated), are presented. Then, the synthesis methods are discussed and classified in function of the starting material (bottom-up and top-down), reaction phase (gas, plasma, liquid, and solid), and nature of the dispersing forces (mechanical, physical, chemical, physicochemical, and biological). Finally, the challenges in synthesizing nanomaterials for research and commercial use are highlighted. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Review in Nanofabrication and Nanomanufacturing)
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57 pages, 4010 KiB  
Review
Digital Innovation Enabled Nanomaterial Manufacturing; Machine Learning Strategies and Green Perspectives
by Georgios Konstantopoulos, Elias P. Koumoulos and Costas A. Charitidis
Nanomaterials 2022, 12(15), 2646; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano12152646 - 01 Aug 2022
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 3338
Abstract
Machine learning has been an emerging scientific field serving the modern multidisciplinary needs in the Materials Science and Manufacturing sector. The taxonomy and mapping of nanomaterial properties based on data analytics is going to ensure safe and green manufacturing with consciousness raised on [...] Read more.
Machine learning has been an emerging scientific field serving the modern multidisciplinary needs in the Materials Science and Manufacturing sector. The taxonomy and mapping of nanomaterial properties based on data analytics is going to ensure safe and green manufacturing with consciousness raised on effective resource management. The utilization of predictive modelling tools empowered with artificial intelligence (AI) has proposed novel paths in materials discovery and optimization, while it can further stimulate the cutting-edge and data-driven design of a tailored behavioral profile of nanomaterials to serve the special needs of application environments. The previous knowledge of the physics and mathematical representation of material behaviors, as well as the utilization of already generated testing data, received specific attention by scientists. However, the exploration of available information is not always manageable, and machine intelligence can efficiently (computational resources, time) meet this challenge via high-throughput multidimensional search exploration capabilities. Moreover, the modelling of bio-chemical interactions with the environment and living organisms has been demonstrated to connect chemical structure with acute or tolerable effects upon exposure. Thus, in this review, a summary of recent computational developments is provided with the aim to cover excelling research and present challenges towards unbiased, decentralized, and data-driven decision-making, in relation to increased impact in the field of advanced nanomaterials manufacturing and nanoinformatics, and to indicate the steps required to realize rapid, safe, and circular-by-design nanomaterials. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Review in Nanofabrication and Nanomanufacturing)
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43 pages, 95166 KiB  
Review
Nanocellulose-Based Materials for Water Treatment: Adsorption, Photocatalytic Degradation, Disinfection, Antifouling, and Nanofiltration
by Ahmed Salama, Ragab Abouzeid, Wei Sun Leong, Jaison Jeevanandam, Pieter Samyn, Alain Dufresne, Mikhael Bechelany and Ahmed Barhoum
Nanomaterials 2021, 11(11), 3008; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11113008 - 09 Nov 2021
Cited by 56 | Viewed by 10419
Abstract
Nanocelluloses are promising bio-nano-materials for use as water treatment materials in environmental protection and remediation. Over the past decades, they have been integrated via novel nanoengineering approaches for water treatment processes. This review aims at giving an overview of nanocellulose requirements concerning emerging [...] Read more.
Nanocelluloses are promising bio-nano-materials for use as water treatment materials in environmental protection and remediation. Over the past decades, they have been integrated via novel nanoengineering approaches for water treatment processes. This review aims at giving an overview of nanocellulose requirements concerning emerging nanotechnologies of waster treatments and purification, i.e., adsorption, absorption, flocculation, photocatalytic degradation, disinfection, antifouling, ultrafiltration, nanofiltration, and reverse osmosis. Firstly, the nanocellulose synthesis methods (mechanical, physical, chemical, and biological), unique properties (sizes, geometries, and surface chemistry) were presented and their use for capturing and removal of wastewater pollutants was explained. Secondly, different chemical modification approaches surface functionalization (with functional groups, polymers, and nanoparticles) for enhancing the surface chemistry of the nanocellulose for enabling the effective removal of specific pollutants (suspended particles, microorganisms, hazardous metals ions, organic dyes, drugs, pesticides fertilizers, and oils) were highlighted. Thirdly, new fabrication approaches (solution casting, thermal treatment, electrospinning, 3D printing) that integrated nanocelluloses (spherical nanoparticles, nanowhiskers, nanofibers) to produce water treatment materials (individual composite nanoparticles, hydrogels, aerogels, sponges, membranes, and nanopapers) were covered. Finally, the major challenges and future perspectives concerning the applications of nanocellulose based materials in water treatment and purification were highlighted. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Review in Nanofabrication and Nanomanufacturing)
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29 pages, 2880 KiB  
Review
Application of Electrospinning in Antibacterial Field
by Honghai Li, Xin Chen, Weipeng Lu, Jie Wang, Yisheng Xu and Yanchuan Guo
Nanomaterials 2021, 11(7), 1822; https://doi.org/10.3390/nano11071822 - 14 Jul 2021
Cited by 40 | Viewed by 6065
Abstract
In recent years, electrospun nanofibers have attracted extensive attention due to their large specific surface area, high porosity, and controllable shape. Among the many applications of electrospinning, electrospun nanofibers used in fields such as tissue engineering, food packaging, and air purification often require [...] Read more.
In recent years, electrospun nanofibers have attracted extensive attention due to their large specific surface area, high porosity, and controllable shape. Among the many applications of electrospinning, electrospun nanofibers used in fields such as tissue engineering, food packaging, and air purification often require some antibacterial properties. This paper expounds the development potential of electrospinning in the antibacterial field from four aspects: fiber morphology, antibacterial materials, antibacterial mechanism, and application fields. The effects of fiber morphology and antibacterial materials on the antibacterial activity and characteristics are first presented, then followed by a discussion of the antibacterial mechanisms and influencing factors of these materials. Typical application examples of antibacterial nanofibers are presented, which show the good prospects of electrospinning in the antibacterial field. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Current Review in Nanofabrication and Nanomanufacturing)
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