Topical Collection "Dental Biomaterials"
A topical collection in Materials (ISSN 1996-1944).
In the last decade or so, there has been a phenomenal boost in research for dental biomaterials. The topic now covers a broad range of activities and materials and encompasses traditional material areas like mechanical properties of materials with more biological areas like bioactivity and tissue engineering. A plethora of techniques are now routinely used in dental biomaterials including spectroscopic techniques, such as FTIR, AFM, XPS, DSC and coupled with imaging techniques like micro-CT, SEM, TEM and various analytical techniques like HPLC and Gas Chromatography. All of these are always supported by a range of mechanical properties emphasizing the fatigue of materials and adopting a more forensic approach with techniques like fractography.
In this Special Issue, we aim to have a selection of papers covering all aspects of dental materials. Some of the key areas will be resin composites, particularly looking at the biological aspect and use of nanoparticles or novel matrix formulations. This also includes bulk fill type and fiber-reinforced composites that generate a lot of interest. Another area would be implant research, highlighting differences in surface modification and again including biological aspects that can be explored by the interaction of a bioactive implant surface with bacteria and biofilm in the oral environment.
More speculative areas that have attracted a lot of attention recently like nanodentistry and regeneration by using stem cells and polymeric scaffolds in tissue engineering are also welcome. Materials used in endodontics like mineral trioxide aggregates or similar types, and novel ceramics used in prosthodontics, are also of great interest. Particularly in ceramics, some of the latest types like ‘hybrid-ceramics’ should be explored further.
Dr. Nikolaos Silikas
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- Stem cells
- Tissue engineering
- Bulk-fill composites
- Fiber-reinforced composites
- Spectroscopic techniques
- Analytical techniques
- Imaging techniques