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Special Issue "Innovative and Modern Technologies of Material Machining in Cutting and Abrasive Processes"

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Manufacturing Processes and Systems".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 March 2022.

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Jerzy Józwik
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Production Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
Interests: cutting processes; surface metrology; tribology; maintenance; process diagnostics; additive manufacturing technologies
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Józef Kuczmaszewski
E-Mail Website1 Website2
Guest Editor
Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Department of Production Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
Interests: machining processes; surface morphology; adhesion; adhesive bonding; surface energy; aviation materials

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Machining and abrasive machining are among the most important production methods for machine parts. Machining accuracy and efficiency are crucial in many areas of the aviation and automotive industry. There is also growing interest in the machining of difficult-to-cut, advanced engineering materials such as titanium- and nickel-based alloys, tool steels, stainless steels, hardened steels, composites, shape memory alloys, cobalt–chromium alloys, magnesium-based alloys, etc. This requires the use of modern tool materials and abrasive components that are capable of effective cutting with high dimensional and shape accuracy. The development of tool materials and coatings applied to cutting edges is of vital importance in this area. In addition, the formation of specified properties and technological features of the surface layer after treatment poses many difficulties. Still, difficult-to-cut advanced engineering materials are favored for use in demanding applications due to their unique metallurgical properties, ability to operate at elevated temperatures, and high resistance to corrosion and fatigue among other advantages. These materials are the most widely used in the aerospace, biomedical, and automotive industries. It must, however, be remembered that these new, difficult-to-cut materials are characterized by poor machinability, and their use implies high processing costs. Here, optimization of machining operations and their modeling as well as ecological aspects of cutting play a very important role. Therefore, the objective of this Special Issue is to publish original research and review papers in the field of machinability of modern, difficult-to-cut engineering materials, especially those utilized in the aerospace, automotive, and biomedical industry as well as in other sectors.

Potential topics in the field of cutting include, but are not limited to, the following:

  1. Research on physical phenomena in the cutting process
  2. Modeling and simulation of the cutting process and machining operations
  3. Development of tool materials and coatings applied to cutting edges
  4. Design development of cutting tools and toolholders
  5. Optimization of machining operations and ecology in cutting
  6. Research and evaluation of surface layer properties
  7. Problems of cutting efficiency and quality in various areas of industry
  8. Cutting of difficult-to-cut materials
  9. Application of information technology in cutting processes
  10. Burnishing technology
  11. Cutting process and system metrology

Potential topics in abrasive machining processes area include, but are not limited to, the following:

  1. New technologies of abrasive machining processes
  2. Innovative solutions in the field of design and technology of abrasive tools
  3. Monitoring and optimization of abrasive and erosive machining processes
  4. Examination and evaluation of surface topography and physical properties of surface layer
  5. Modeling of abrasive machining operations and processes
  6. Micro burnishing processes, methods, and applications of electrochemical machining
  7. Hybrid abrasive machining processes
  8. Automation and robotization of surface treatment processes
  9. Ecology in abrasive machining
  10. Management and processing of post-grinding waste
  11. Formation of surface adhesive properties

With this Special Issue, we invite researchers to contribute original research papers and review articles in this field of research.

Dr. Jerzy Józwik
Prof. Józef Kuczmaszewski
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • cutting
  • tool materials
  • surface morphology
  • surface energy
  • surface adhesion properties
  • electrical discharge machining
  • electrochemical machining
  • aviation, medicine, and automotive materials machining
  • ultraprecision and nonconventional manufacturing
  • ecology in manufacturing, burnishing, and insert coatings

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Article
Analysis of the Displacement of Thin-Walled Workpiece Using a High-Speed Camera during Peripheral Milling of Aluminum Alloys
Materials 2021, 14(16), 4771; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14164771 - 23 Aug 2021
Viewed by 477
Abstract
The paper presents the possibilities of a high-speed camera in recording displacements of thin-walled workpiece during milling made of aluminum alloys, which allowed for an analysis in which it was compared to other methods of testing the deflection of such elements. The tests [...] Read more.
The paper presents the possibilities of a high-speed camera in recording displacements of thin-walled workpiece during milling made of aluminum alloys, which allowed for an analysis in which it was compared to other methods of testing the deflection of such elements. The tests were carried out during peripheral milling with constant cutting parameters. Deflection of thin-walled workpiece due to cutting forces was measured using a high-speed camera and a laser displacement sensor. Additionally, the experimental results were compared with the theoretical results obtained with the use of the finite element method. The research proved the effectiveness of the use of high-speed camera in diagnostics of thin-walled workpieces during milling with an accuracy of up to 11% compared to measurements made with a displacement laser sensor. Full article
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Article
Influence of the Kinematic System on the Geometrical and Dimensional Accuracy of Holes in Drilling
Materials 2021, 14(16), 4568; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14164568 - 14 Aug 2021
Viewed by 328
Abstract
This article attempts to show how the kinematic system affects the geometrical and dimensional accuracy of through-holes in drilling. The hole cutting tests were performed using a universal turning center. The tool was a TiAlN-coated Ø 6 mm drill bit, while the workpiece [...] Read more.
This article attempts to show how the kinematic system affects the geometrical and dimensional accuracy of through-holes in drilling. The hole cutting tests were performed using a universal turning center. The tool was a TiAlN-coated Ø 6 mm drill bit, while the workpiece was a C45 steel cylinder with a diameter of 30 mm and a length of 30 mm. Three kinematic systems were studied. The first consisted of a fixed workpiece and a rotating and linearly moving tool. In the second, the workpiece rotated, while the tool moved linearly. The third system comprised a rotating workpiece and a rotating and linearly moving tool, but they rotated in opposite directions. The geometrical and dimensional accuracy of the hole was assessed by analyzing the cylindricity, straightness, roundness, and diameter errors. The experiment was designed using the Taguchi orthogonal array method to determine the significance of the effects of the input parameters (cutting speed, feed per revolution, and type of kinematic system) on the accuracy errors. A multifactorial statistical analysis (ANOVA) was employed for this purpose. The study revealed that all the input parameters considered had a substantial influence on the hole quality in drilling. Full article
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Article
Adaptation of Fracture Mechanics Methods for Quality Assessment of Tungsten Carbide Cutting Inserts
Materials 2021, 14(13), 3441; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14133441 - 22 Jun 2021
Viewed by 372
Abstract
Tungsten carbide (WC) is well known as one of the hardest materials widely used in machining, cutting and drilling, especially for cutting tools production. Knowing fracture toughness grants the opportunity to prevent catastrophic wear of a tool. Moreover, fracture toughness of WC-based materials [...] Read more.
Tungsten carbide (WC) is well known as one of the hardest materials widely used in machining, cutting and drilling, especially for cutting tools production. Knowing fracture toughness grants the opportunity to prevent catastrophic wear of a tool. Moreover, fracture toughness of WC-based materials may vary because of different material compositions, as well as a different way of production. Hence, each material should be treated individually. In this paper, SM25T (HW) tungsten carbide (HW—uncoated grade, TNMR 401060 SM25T, manufactured by Baildonit company, Katowice, Poland) was taken into consideration. Sintered carbides—designated as S—are designed to be applied for machining steel, cast steel and malleable cast iron. Fracture mechanics methods were adapted to make a quality assessment of WC cutting inserts. Both quasi-statical three-point bending tests, as well as Charpy dynamic impact tests, were performed to calculate static and dynamic fracture toughness (KIC and KID, respectively). In addition, a special emphasis was placed on the microscopic analysis of fracture surfaces after impact tests to discuss material irregularities, such as porosity, cracks and so-called “river patterns”. There is a lack of scientific works in this field of study. However, cutting engineers are interested in obtaining the experimental results of that kind. Although there are a few standardized methods that may be used to determine fracture toughness of hard metals, none of them is expected to be the most reliable. Moreover, there is a lack of scientific works in the field of determining static and dynamic fracture toughness of WC by the presented method. The proposed examination solution can be then successfully used to calculate toughness properties of WC-based materials, as the results obtained seem to be with a good agreement with other works. Full article
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Analysis of surface morphology of sintered carbide workpieces after milling
dr hab. inż. Jerzy Józwik, Prof. Uczelni


Microbiological analysis of Fuchs ECOCOOL 68 CF3 cutting coolant
dr hab. inż. Jerzy Józwik, Prof. Uczelni,  prof. dr hab. inż. Stanisław Legutko

 

Geometrical features of the surface in laser texturing on the CNC machine tool
dr hab. inż. Jerzy Józwik, Prof. Uczelni, prof. dr hab. inż. Stanisław Legutko


Investigation of the cutting force in finish turning of Ti6Al4V titanium alloy under dry, wet and MQL cutting conditions
dr hab. inż. Radosław Maruda, Prof. Uczelni

 

Optimization of geometrical and physical parameters of surface integrity
prof. dr hab. inż. Grzegorz Królczyk

Wear analysis of carbide cutters during milling of titanium alloys
dr inż. Jakub Matuszak

Assessment of residual and post-machining stresses of selected aluminium alloys
dr inż. Magdalena Zawada-Michałowska, dr inż. Paweł Piesko

Temperature Field And Heat Distribution During Cutting With The Use of Ceramic Material Tools
dr hab. inż. Mirosław Rudzki, Prof. Uczelni; dr inż. Zbigniew Siemiątkowski,
Prof. Uczelni


Precision milling of elements made of magnesium alloys
prof. dr hab. inż. Józef Kuczmaszewski, dr inż. Ireneusz Zagórski, mgr inż. Jarosław Korpysa

Evaluation of the tribological properties of surfaces after various machining methods
dr inż. Krzysztof Dziedzic


FEM analysis of the cutting process for different material workpieces
dr inż. Sylwester Korga

Chip formation during the cutting process and its FEM analysis
dr inż. Ireneusz Zagórski, dr hab. inż. Jerzy Józwik, Prof. Uczelni

Parametric and nonparametric description of the surface topography in the dry and MQCL cutting conditions
dr hab. inż. Piotr Niesłony, Prof. Uczelni


Analysis of vibration parameters of the cutting process of composites and the surface geometry after machining
dr inż. Dariusz Mika


Adhesive properties of polyamide surfaces
Mgr inż. Kamil Anasiewicz, Prof. dr hab. inż.Józef Kuczmaszewski


Numerical analysis and experimental study of stress and displacements of thin walled workpieces during cutting process
dr hab. inż.Dražan Kozak, Prof. Uczelni


Numerical analysis and experimental study of polymer composites susceptible to elastic and thermal deformation
dr hab. inż.Paul Bere, Prof. Uczelni

Influence of the Surface Preparation of Al2O3 and TiO2 Particles Reinforced  Polymer Composites on Selected Mechanical Properties
mgr inż. Ewelina Kosicka, dr hab. inż.Aneta Krzyżak, Prof. LAW, dr inż.Robert Szczepaniak

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