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Laser Technologies in Metal-Based Materials

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Advanced Nanomaterials and Nanotechnology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 November 2022) | Viewed by 20985

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Guest Editor
Institute of Chemistry, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Interests: laser-induced chemical reactions; laser–matter interaction; laser synthesis and modification of nanostructures; metal and hybrid metal–carbon nanostructures

Special Issue Information

Dear colleagues,

The creation of laser served as the foundation for several new scientific fields, such as laser physics, laser chemistry, laser material science, and laser medicine and surgery. Fundamental achievements in these areas, in turn, formed the ground for several laser-related technologies, which are currently dominating many modern industries and are often considered a more efficient solution compared to other options. In addition, laser technologies remain a highly advanced science-based area, which is under continuous refinement and development.

Numerous modern-day knowledge-intensive instruments and devices are based on various phenomena related to metal nanostructures, such as the plasmonic properties of metal nanoparticles and the related effects of electromagnetic field enhancement. Some other good examples would include surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy, metal-enhanced fluorescence, surface plasmon amplification by stimulated emission of radiation (SPASER), nano-antenna effects, etc. Another group of phenomena occurs as a consequence of the charge transfer and energy conversion processes being affected by a specific surface area of metal nanostructures and by the type of metal and/or metal combination. These phenomena are of great importance as a fundamental background in novel electrochemical sensors, light energy conversion and charge storage systems, etc. Thus, devices based on metal nanostructures provide advanced solutions for a wide spectrum of problems in electronics, optoelectronics, photonics, diagnostics and theranostics, drug delivery, various types of catalysis, and so on.

This Special Issue aims at bringing the fields of laser technologies and metal nanostructures together for the benefit of both. We shall cover here all different aspects, from laser technologies of synthesis of metal-based functional nanomaterials to technologies originating from interaction of laser light with metal-based nanostructures.

It is my pleasure to invite you to submit a manuscript for this Special Issue. Full papers, communications, and reviews are all welcome.

Prof. Dr. Alina A. Manshina
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • laser-assisted technologies
  • laser-induced processes
  • metal-based functional nanomaterials
  • metal nanostructures
  • plasmonic materials

Published Papers (11 papers)

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Editorial

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2 pages, 186 KiB  
Editorial
Special Issue “Laser Technologies in Metal-Based Materials”
by Alina Manshina
Materials 2023, 16(13), 4511; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16134511 - 21 Jun 2023
Viewed by 549
Abstract
The first publication, analyzing the prospects for the use of laser radiation, was published under the authorship of the American physicist Arthur Shawlow in November 1960 (Schawlow, A [...] Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Technologies in Metal-Based Materials)

Research

Jump to: Editorial

13 pages, 3546 KiB  
Article
Multiresponse Optimization of Selective Laser Melting Parameters for the Ni-Cr-Al-Ti-Based Superalloy Using Gray Relational Analysis
by Anton V. Agapovichev, Alexander I. Khaimovich, Vitaliy G. Smelov, Viktoriya V. Kokareva, Evgeny V. Zemlyakov, Konstantin D. Babkin and Anton Y. Kovchik
Materials 2023, 16(5), 2088; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma16052088 - 03 Mar 2023
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1348
Abstract
The selective laser melting technology is of great interest in the aerospace industry since it allows the implementation of more complex part geometries compared to the traditional technologies. This paper presents the results of studies to determine the optimal technological parameters for scanning [...] Read more.
The selective laser melting technology is of great interest in the aerospace industry since it allows the implementation of more complex part geometries compared to the traditional technologies. This paper presents the results of studies to determine the optimal technological parameters for scanning a Ni-Cr-Al-Ti-based superalloy. However, due to a large number of factors affecting the quality of the parts obtained by selective laser melting technology, the optimization of the technological parameters of the scanning is a difficult task. In this work, the authors made an attempt to optimize the technological scanning parameters which will simultaneously correspond to the maximum values of the mechanical properties (“More is better”) and the minimum values of the dimensions of the microstructure defect (“Less is better”). Gray relational analysis was used to find the optimal technological parameters for scanning. Then, the resulting solutions were compared. As a result of the optimization of the technological parameters of the scanning by the gray relational analysis method, it was found that the maximum values of the mechanical properties were achieved simultaneously with the minimum values of the dimensions of a microstructure defect, at a laser power of 250 W and a scanning speed of 1200 mm/s. The authors present the results of the short-term mechanical tests for the uniaxial tension of the cylindrical samples at room temperature. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Technologies in Metal-Based Materials)
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13 pages, 1940 KiB  
Article
Ag-Decorated Si Microspheres Produced by Laser Ablation in Liquid: All-in-One Temperature-Feedback SERS-Based Platform for Nanosensing
by Stanislav Gurbatov, Vladislav Puzikov, Evgeny Modin, Alexander Shevlyagin, Andrey Gerasimenko, Eugeny Mitsai, Sergei A. Kulinich and Aleksandr Kuchmizhak
Materials 2022, 15(22), 8091; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15228091 - 15 Nov 2022
Cited by 7 | Viewed by 1369
Abstract
Combination of dissimilar materials such as noble metals and common semiconductors within unified nanomaterials holds promise for optoelectronics, catalysis and optical sensing. Meanwhile, difficulty of obtaining such hybrid nanomaterials using common lithography-based techniques stimulates an active search for advanced, inexpensive, and straightforward fabrication [...] Read more.
Combination of dissimilar materials such as noble metals and common semiconductors within unified nanomaterials holds promise for optoelectronics, catalysis and optical sensing. Meanwhile, difficulty of obtaining such hybrid nanomaterials using common lithography-based techniques stimulates an active search for advanced, inexpensive, and straightforward fabrication methods. Here, we report one-pot one-step synthesis of Ag-decorated Si microspheres via nanosecond laser ablation of monocrystalline silicon in isopropanol containing AgNO3. Laser ablation of bulk silicon creates the suspension of the Si microspheres that host further preferential growth of Ag nanoclusters on their surface upon thermal-induced decomposition of AgNO3 species by subsequently incident laser pulses. The amount of the AgNO3 in the working solution controls the density, morphology, and arrangement of the Ag nanoclusters allowing them to achieve strong and uniform decoration of the Si microsphere surface. Such unique morphology makes Ag-decorated Si microspheres promising for molecular identification based on the surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) effect. In particular, the designed single-particles sensing platform was shown to offer temperature-feedback modality as well as SERS signal enhancement up to 106, allowing reliable detection of the adsorbed molecules and tracing their plasmon-driven catalytic transformations. Considering the ability to control the decoration degree of Si microspheres by Ag nanoclusters via amount of the AgNO3, the developed one-pot easy-to-implement PLAL synthesis holds promise for gram-scale production of high-quality hybrid nanomaterial for various nanophotonics and sensing applications. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Technologies in Metal-Based Materials)
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11 pages, 2951 KiB  
Article
Comparison of Aerosol Pt, Au and Ag Nanoparticles Agglomerates Laser Sintering
by Kirill Khabarov, Messan Nouraldeen, Sergei Tikhonov, Anna Lizunova, Olesya Seraya, Emiliia Filalova and Victor Ivanov
Materials 2022, 15(1), 227; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma15010227 - 29 Dec 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1264
Abstract
In this paper, we investigated the interaction of nanosecond pulsed-periodic infrared (IR) laser radiation at a 50 and 500 Hz repetition rate with aerosol platinum (Pt) and silver (Ag) nanoparticles agglomerates obtained in a spark discharge. Results showed the complete transformation of Pt [...] Read more.
In this paper, we investigated the interaction of nanosecond pulsed-periodic infrared (IR) laser radiation at a 50 and 500 Hz repetition rate with aerosol platinum (Pt) and silver (Ag) nanoparticles agglomerates obtained in a spark discharge. Results showed the complete transformation of Pt dendrite-like agglomerates with sizes of 300 nm into individual spherical nanoparticles directly in a gas flow under 1053 nm laser pulses with energy density 3.5 mJ/cm2. Notably, the critical energy density required for this process depended on the size distribution and extinction of agglomerates nanoparticles. Based on the extinction cross-section spectra results, Ag nanoparticles exhibit a weaker extinction in the IR region in contrast to Pt, so they were not completely modified even under the pulses with energy density up to 12.7 mJ/cm2. The obtained results for Ag and Pt laser sintering were compared with corresponding modification of gold (Au) nanoparticles studied in our previous work. Here we considered the sintering mechanisms for Ag, Pt and Au nanoparticles agglomerates in the aerosol phase and proposed the model of their laser sintering based on one-stage for Pt agglomerates and two-stage shrinkage processes for Au and Ag agglomerates. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Technologies in Metal-Based Materials)
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9 pages, 4593 KiB  
Article
Cu Patterning Using Femtosecond Laser Reductive Sintering of CuO Nanoparticles under Inert Gas Injection
by Mizue Mizoshiri and Kyohei Yoshidomi
Materials 2021, 14(12), 3285; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14123285 - 14 Jun 2021
Cited by 20 | Viewed by 2326
Abstract
In this paper, we report the effect of inert gas injection on Cu patterning generated by femtosecond laser reductive sintering of CuO nanoparticles (NPs). Femtosecond laser reductive sintering for metal patterning has been restricted to metal and metal-oxide composite materials. By irradiating CuO-nanoparticle [...] Read more.
In this paper, we report the effect of inert gas injection on Cu patterning generated by femtosecond laser reductive sintering of CuO nanoparticles (NPs). Femtosecond laser reductive sintering for metal patterning has been restricted to metal and metal-oxide composite materials. By irradiating CuO-nanoparticle paste with femtosecond laser pulses under inert gas injection, we intended to reduce the generation of metal oxides in the formed patterns. In an experimental evaluation, the X-ray diffraction peaks corresponding to copper oxides, such as CuO and Cu2O, were much smaller under N2 and Ar gas injections than under air injection. Increasing the injection rates of both gases increased the reduction degree of the X-ray diffraction peaks of the CuO NPs, but excessively high injection rates (≥100 mL/min) significantly decreased the surface density of the patterns. These results qualitatively agreed with the ratio of sintered/melted area. The femtosecond laser reductive sintering under inert gas injection achieved a vacuum-free direct writing of metal patterns. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Technologies in Metal-Based Materials)
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7 pages, 2659 KiB  
Communication
Surface Texturing of Polyethylene Terephthalate Induced by Excimer Laser in Silver Nanoparticle Colloids
by Jakub Siegel, Tatiana Savenkova, Jana Pryjmaková, Petr Slepička, Miroslav Šlouf and Václav Švorčík
Materials 2021, 14(12), 3263; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14123263 - 12 Jun 2021
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1679
Abstract
We report on a novel technique of surface texturing of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) foil in the presence of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). This approach provides a variable surface morphology of PET evenly decorated with AgNPs. Surface texturing occurred in silver nanoparticle colloids of different [...] Read more.
We report on a novel technique of surface texturing of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) foil in the presence of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs). This approach provides a variable surface morphology of PET evenly decorated with AgNPs. Surface texturing occurred in silver nanoparticle colloids of different concentrations under the action of pulse excimer laser. Surface morphology of PET immobilized with AgNPs was observed by AFM and FEGSEM. Atomic concentration of silver was determined by XPS. A presented concentration-controlled procedure of surface texturing of PET in the presence of silver colloids leads to a highly nanoparticle-enriched polymer surface with a variable morphology and uniform nanoparticle distribution. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Technologies in Metal-Based Materials)
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11 pages, 5133 KiB  
Article
Copper and Nickel Microsensors Produced by Selective Laser Reductive Sintering for Non-Enzymatic Glucose Detection
by Ilya I. Tumkin, Evgeniia M. Khairullina, Maxim S. Panov, Kyohei Yoshidomi and Mizue Mizoshiri
Materials 2021, 14(10), 2493; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14102493 - 12 May 2021
Cited by 13 | Viewed by 2099
Abstract
In this work, the method of selective laser reductive sintering was used to fabricate the sensor-active copper and nickel microstructures on the surface of glass-ceramics suitable for non-enzymatic detection of glucose. The calculated sensitivities for these microsensors are 1110 and 2080 μA mM [...] Read more.
In this work, the method of selective laser reductive sintering was used to fabricate the sensor-active copper and nickel microstructures on the surface of glass-ceramics suitable for non-enzymatic detection of glucose. The calculated sensitivities for these microsensors are 1110 and 2080 μA mM−1·cm−2 for copper and nickel, respectively. Linear regime of enzymeless glucose sensing is provided between 0.003 and 3 mM for copper and between 0.01 and 3 mM for nickel. Limits of glucose detection for these manufactured micropatterns are equal to 0.91 and 2.1 µM for copper and nickel, respectively. In addition, the fabricated materials demonstrate rather good selectivity, long-term stability and reproducibility. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Technologies in Metal-Based Materials)
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14 pages, 3663 KiB  
Article
Laser-Induced Deposition of Plasmonic Ag and Pt Nanoparticles, and Periodic Arrays
by Daria V. Mamonova, Anna A. Vasileva, Yuri V. Petrov, Denis V. Danilov, Ilya E. Kolesnikov, Alexey A. Kalinichev, Julien Bachmann and Alina A. Manshina
Materials 2021, 14(1), 10; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma14010010 - 22 Dec 2020
Cited by 10 | Viewed by 2726
Abstract
Surfaces functionalized with metal nanoparticles (NPs) are of great interest due to their wide potential applications in sensing, biomedicine, nanophotonics, etc. However, the precisely controllable decoration with plasmonic nanoparticles requires sophisticated techniques that are often multistep and complex. Here, we present a laser-induced [...] Read more.
Surfaces functionalized with metal nanoparticles (NPs) are of great interest due to their wide potential applications in sensing, biomedicine, nanophotonics, etc. However, the precisely controllable decoration with plasmonic nanoparticles requires sophisticated techniques that are often multistep and complex. Here, we present a laser-induced deposition (LID) approach allowing for single-step surface decoration with NPs of controllable composition, morphology, and spatial distribution. The formation of Ag, Pt, and mixed Ag-Pt nanoparticles on a substrate surface was successfully demonstrated as a result of the LID process from commercially available precursors. The deposited nanoparticles were characterized with SEM, TEM, EDX, X-ray diffraction, and UV-VIS absorption spectroscopy, which confirmed the formation of crystalline nanoparticles of Pt (3–5 nm) and Ag (ca. 100 nm) with plasmonic properties. The advantageous features of the LID process allow us to demonstrate the spatially selective deposition of plasmonic NPs in a laser interference pattern, and thereby, the formation of periodic arrays of Ag NPs forming diffraction grating Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Technologies in Metal-Based Materials)
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17 pages, 11657 KiB  
Article
Effect of Laser Shock Peening on Fretting Fatigue Life of TC11 Titanium Alloy
by Xufeng Yang, Hongjian Zhang, Haitao Cui and Changlong Wen
Materials 2020, 13(21), 4711; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13214711 - 22 Oct 2020
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 2142
Abstract
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the performance of laser shock peening (LSP) subjected to fretting fatigue with TC11 titanium alloy specimens and pads. Three laser power densities (3.2 GW/cm2, 4.8 GW/cm2 and 6.4 GW/cm2) of [...] Read more.
The purpose of this paper is to investigate the performance of laser shock peening (LSP) subjected to fretting fatigue with TC11 titanium alloy specimens and pads. Three laser power densities (3.2 GW/cm2, 4.8 GW/cm2 and 6.4 GW/cm2) of LSP were chosen and tested using manufactured fretting fatigue apparatus. The experimental results show that the LSP surface treatment significantly improves the fretting fatigue lives of the fretting specimens, and the fretting fatigue life increases most when the laser power density is 4.8 GW/cm2. It is also found that with the increase of the laser power density, the fatigue crack initiation location tends to move from the surface to the interior of the specimen. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Technologies in Metal-Based Materials)
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18 pages, 6225 KiB  
Article
The Effect of Laser Re-Solidification on Microstructure and Photo-Electrochemical Properties of Fe-Decorated TiO2 Nanotubes
by Piotr Kupracz, Katarzyna Grochowska, Jakub Karczewski, Jakub Wawrzyniak and Katarzyna Siuzdak
Materials 2020, 13(18), 4019; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13184019 - 10 Sep 2020
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1963
Abstract
Fossil fuels became increasingly unpleasant energy source due to their negative impact on the environment; thus, attractiveness of renewable, and especially solar energy, is growing worldwide. Among others, the research is focused on smart combination of simple compounds towards formation of the photoactive [...] Read more.
Fossil fuels became increasingly unpleasant energy source due to their negative impact on the environment; thus, attractiveness of renewable, and especially solar energy, is growing worldwide. Among others, the research is focused on smart combination of simple compounds towards formation of the photoactive materials. Following that, our work concerns the optimized manipulation of laser light coupled with the iron sputtering to transform titania that is mostly UV-active, as well as exhibiting poor oxygen evolution reaction to the material responding to solar light, and that can be further used in water splitting process. The preparation route of the material was based on anodization providing well organized system of nanotubes, while magnetron sputtering ensures formation of thin iron films. The last step covering pulsed laser treatment of 355 nm wavelength significantly changes the material morphology and structure, inducing partial melting and formation of oxygen vacancies in the elementary cell. Depending on the applied fluence, anatase, rutile, and hematite phases were recognized in the final product. The formation of a re-solidified layer on the surface of the nanotubes, in which thickness depends on the laser fluence, was shown by microstructure studies. Although a drastic decrement of light absorption was recorded especially in UV range, laser-annealed samples have shown activity under visible light even 20 times higher than bare titania. Electrochemical analysis has shown that the improvement of photoresponse originates mainly from over an order of magnitude higher charge carrier density as revealed by Mott-Schottky analysis. The results show that intense laser light can modulate the semiconductor properties significantly and can be considered as a promising tool towards activation of initially inactive material for the visible light harvesting. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Technologies in Metal-Based Materials)
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11 pages, 2509 KiB  
Article
Laser-Induced Synthesis of Composite Materials Based on Iridium, Gold and Platinum for Non-Enzymatic Glucose Sensing
by Maxim S. Panov, Evgeniia M. Khairullina, Filipp S. Vshivtcev, Mikhail N. Ryazantsev and Ilya I. Tumkin
Materials 2020, 13(15), 3359; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13153359 - 29 Jul 2020
Cited by 15 | Viewed by 2348
Abstract
A simple approach for in situ laser-induced modification of iridium-based materials to increase their electrocatalytic activity towards enzyme-free glucose sensing was proposed. For this purpose, we deposited gold and platinum separately and as a mixture on the surface of pre-synthesized iridium microstructures upon [...] Read more.
A simple approach for in situ laser-induced modification of iridium-based materials to increase their electrocatalytic activity towards enzyme-free glucose sensing was proposed. For this purpose, we deposited gold and platinum separately and as a mixture on the surface of pre-synthesized iridium microstructures upon laser irradiation at a wavelength of 532 nm. Then, we carried out the comparative investigation of their morphology, elemental and phase composition as well as their electrochemical properties. The best morphology and, as a result, the highest sensitivity (~9960 µA/mM cm2) with respect to non-enzymatic determination of D-glucose were demonstrated by iridium-gold-platinum microstructures also showing low limit of detection (~0.12 µM), a wide linear range (0.5 µM–1 mM) along with good selectivity, reproducibility and stability. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Laser Technologies in Metal-Based Materials)
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