Special Issue "Carbon Materials Applied for Biomass Conversion"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (20 May 2022) | Viewed by 7544
Interests: biomass; carbon materials; catalysis; biofuels; biopolymers
Interests: heterogeneous catalysis; catalytic biomass valorization; carbon-based materials; Solid acid catalysts; biofuels; renewable energy; biorefinery processes
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The conversion of biomass into energy and chemicals has become a hot topic in research. Although the production of molecules such as alcohol from crops such as corn or sugar cane is an ancient process, more efficient solutions from non-edible sources are required. The processes should aim at using wastes so as to avoid competition with food plant sources that may also contain fertilizers, which can indeed generate more greenhouse gases. In this context, the concept of second and third biorefinery emerges as an alternative solution that should be implemented in the next decades. These biorefineries use lignocellulosic biomass from wastes (e.g., agriculture, municipal, industrial) and can provide a myriad of platform molecules.
The conversion of biomass into energy and chemicals includes several transformations, mostly aiming at reducing the oxygen content. Since lignocellulosic wastes contain a high concentration of water with non-neutral pH, carbon has proven to be one of the best materials due to their chemical resistance. Furthermore, their high surface area and electron conductivity can provide additional benefits. This, along with the possibility of being produced from residual biomass that can potentially reduce the global carbon footprint, makes carbon materials excellent candidates for the conversion of biomass.
Dr. Ana Belén Dongil
Dr. Andreia F. Peixoto
Manuscript Submission Information
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- carbon materials