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Review Papers in Solar Energy and Photovoltaic Systems

A topical collection in Energies (ISSN 1996-1073). This collection belongs to the section "A2: Solar Energy and Photovoltaic Systems".

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Editors


E-Mail Website
Collection Editor
School of Environment, Science and Engineering, Southern Cross University, Military Road, Lismore, NSW 2480, Australia
Interests: concentrated solar energy; solar receiver design; modelling of solar thermal systems; control strategies on solar towers; advanced power cycles

E-Mail Website
Collection Editor
1.Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Siena,Via A. Moro 2, 53100 Siena, Italy
2. CSGI, Consorzio per lo Sviluppo dei Sistemi a Grande Interfase, University of Florence, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
3. CNR-ICCOM, Institute of Chemistry of Organometallic Compounds, Via Madonna del Piano 10, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Italy
Interests: perovskite solar cells; dye sensitized solar cells; renewable energy sources; innovative photovoltaics; energy storage systems; smart grids; life cycle assessment (LCA); computational chemistry

E-Mail Website
Collection Editor
School of Information and Communication Engineering, Sungkyunkwan University, Suwon 16419, Korea
Interests: high-efficiency silicon solar cell; PV module and system; PV system performance
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

E-Mail Website
Collection Editor
1. R2ES Lab, Department of Biotechnology, Chemistry and Pharmacy, University of Siena, 53100 Siena, Italy
2. CSGI—Consortium for Colloid and Surface Science, via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy
3. CNR-ICCOM, National Research Council—Institute for the Chemistry of OrganoMetallic Compounds, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino, Florence, Italy
Interests: physical chemistry; environmental chemistry; renewable energy systems; sustainable energy storage; environmental sustainability; life cycle assessment
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Topical Collection Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent decades, researchers have proposed and developed different technologies to satisfy the world's growing demand for energy. These energy developments have included conventional fossil fuels and renewable energy. With the current energy policies, the need for clean energies has increased dramatically to mitigate environmental impacts.

For research, it is critical to access papers that logically present information about the evolution of energy trends and technologies. This Topical Collection will focus on high-quality review papers with clear information and engaging discussions about the latest trends in energy topics and their environmental impacts. This Topical Collection will cover review papers in the area of energy engineering, electrical energy systems, thermodynamics, energy sources, energy storage and application, energy economics and policy and renewable energy.

Dr. Ricardo Vasquez Padilla
Prof. Dr. Adalgisa Sinicropi
Prof. Dr. Eun-Chel Cho
Prof. Dr. Maria Laura Parisi
Collection Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the collection website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Energies is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Solar Energy: irradiance
  • forecasts
  • solar power to gas
  • photocatalytic hydrogen production
  • solar energy for heating and cooling
  • thermal energy storage
  • solar thermal collectors
  • solar thermodynamic energy Photovoltaic (PV) systems: PV cell materials
  • balance of systems
  • power electronics
  • centralized and distributed control
  • PV systems and electrical energy storage
  • building integration
  • PV systems monitoring and diagnosis
  • Internet of Things (IoT) in PV systems
  • Artificial Intelligence (AI) in PV systems
  • PV power production forecasting
  • PV power production for electrical mobility
  • concentrated PV power
  • PV system modeling
  • PV for space applications
  • techno-economics of PV systems
  • environmental assessment of PV systems (LCA, EROEI)

Published Papers (5 papers)

2023

Jump to: 2022, 2021

15 pages, 2183 KiB  
Review
Tracking-Integrated CPV Technology: State-of-the-Art and Classification
by Maria A. Ceballos, Pedro J. Pérez-Higueras, Eduardo F. Fernández and Florencia Almonacid
Energies 2023, 16(15), 5605; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16155605 - 25 Jul 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1471
Abstract
Concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) technology offers an alternative to conventional photovoltaic systems, focusing on the concentration of solar radiation through the optics of the system onto smaller and more efficient solar cells. CPV technology captures direct radiation and requires precise module orientation. Traditional CPV [...] Read more.
Concentrator photovoltaic (CPV) technology offers an alternative to conventional photovoltaic systems, focusing on the concentration of solar radiation through the optics of the system onto smaller and more efficient solar cells. CPV technology captures direct radiation and requires precise module orientation. Traditional CPV systems use robust and heavy solar trackers to achieve the necessary alignment, but these trackers add to the installation and operating costs. To address this challenge, tracking-integrated CPV systems have been developed, eliminating the need for conventional trackers. These systems incorporate tracking mechanisms into the CPV module itself. This review presents a detailed classification of existing designs in the literature and provides an overview of this type of system with different approaches to integrated tracking including tracking concentrator elements, using external trackers, or employing internal trackers (the most researched). These approaches enable the automatic adjustment of the CPV system components to follow the movement of the Sun. The various tracking-integrated systems have different designs and performance characteristics. Significant progress has been made in developing tracking-integrated CPV systems with the aim to make CPV technology more competitive and expand its applications in markets where traditional CPV has been excluded. Full article
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14 pages, 1252 KiB  
Review
A Review on Techno-Economic Study for Supporting Building with PV-Grid-Connected Systems under Saudi Regulations
by Sultan J. Alharbi and Abdulaziz S. Alaboodi
Energies 2023, 16(3), 1531; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16031531 - 3 Feb 2023
Cited by 11 | Viewed by 2776
Abstract
As the demand for electricity continues to grow in Saudi Arabia, finding ways to increase power generation becomes increasingly important. However, conventional power generation methods such as burning fossil fuels contribute significantly to environmental pollution and harm human health through the emissions of [...] Read more.
As the demand for electricity continues to grow in Saudi Arabia, finding ways to increase power generation becomes increasingly important. However, conventional power generation methods such as burning fossil fuels contribute significantly to environmental pollution and harm human health through the emissions of greenhouse gases. One potential solution to this problem is the use of solar energy, which has the advantage of being abundant in Saudi Arabia due to its location in the sun belt. When compared to conventional power generation methods, solar energy is a viable alternative, particularly when the indirect costs of fossil fuels, such as harm to the environment and human health, are considered. Using photovoltaic cells to convert sunlight into electrical energy is a key method for producing clean energy. Despite the initial cost of investing in solar energy infrastructure, it is ultimately less expensive than electricity derived from fossil fuels. In recognition of the potential of solar energy, the Saudi government has outlined an ambitious plan to install 41 GW of solar capacity and invest USD 108.9 billion by 2032. Additionally, financing and significant tax benefits have been provided to promote the development of the solar industry. This research article reviews the techno-economic analysis of PV power plants and examines previous policy papers and the existing research on the topic. Full article
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37 pages, 11810 KiB  
Review
Critical Review on Interrelationship of Electro-Devices in PV Solar Systems with Their Evolution and Future Prospects for MPPT Applications
by Weng-Hooi Tan and Junita Mohamad-Saleh
Energies 2023, 16(2), 850; https://doi.org/10.3390/en16020850 - 11 Jan 2023
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 2207
Abstract
A photovoltaic (PV) system is composed of a PV panel, controller and boost converter. This review article presents a critical review, contributing to a better understanding of the interrelationship of all these internal devices in the PV system, their respective layouts, fundamental working [...] Read more.
A photovoltaic (PV) system is composed of a PV panel, controller and boost converter. This review article presents a critical review, contributing to a better understanding of the interrelationship of all these internal devices in the PV system, their respective layouts, fundamental working principles, and architectural effects. The PV panel is a power-generating device. A controller is an electronic device that controls the circulating circuits in a PV system to collect as much PV output as possible from the solar panel. The boost converter is an intermediate device that regulates the PV output based on the duty cycle provided by the controller. This review article also updates readers on the latest information regarding the technological evolution of these interconnected devices, along with their predicted future scope and challenges. Regarding the research on PV panels, this paper explains in depth the mathematical modeling of PV cells, the evolution of solar cell technology over generations, and their future prospects predicted based on the collected evidence. Then, connection patterns of PV modules are studied to better understand the effect of PV array configuration on photovoltaic performance. For the controller, state-of-the-art maximum power point tracking (MPPT) techniques are reviewed under the classification to reveal near-term trends in MPPT applications. On the other hand, various converter topologies proposed from 2020 to 2022 are reviewed in terms of tested frequency, voltage gain, and peak efficiency to comprehend recent evolution trends and future challenges. All presented information is intended to facilitate and motivate researchers to deepen relevant applications in the future. Full article
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2022

Jump to: 2023, 2021

17 pages, 11893 KiB  
Article
A Fault Detection Method Based on CNN and Symmetrized Dot Pattern for PV Modules
by Meng-Hui Wang, Zong-Han Lin and Shiue-Der Lu
Energies 2022, 15(17), 6449; https://doi.org/10.3390/en15176449 - 3 Sep 2022
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 2384
Abstract
The photovoltaic (PV) module is a key technological advancement in renewable energy. When the PV modules fail, the overall generating efficiency will decrease, and the power system’s operation will be influenced. Hence, detecting the fault type when the PV modules are failing becomes [...] Read more.
The photovoltaic (PV) module is a key technological advancement in renewable energy. When the PV modules fail, the overall generating efficiency will decrease, and the power system’s operation will be influenced. Hence, detecting the fault type when the PV modules are failing becomes important. This study proposed a hybrid algorithm by combining the symmetrized dot pattern (SDP) with a convolutional neural network (CNN) for PV module fault recognition. Three common faults are discussed, including poor welding, breakage, and bypass diode failure. Moreover, a fault-free module was added to the experiment for comparison. First, a high-frequency square signal was imported into the PV module, and the original signal was captured by the NI PXI-5105 high-speed data acquisition (DAQ) card for the hardware architecture. Afterward, the signal was imported into the SDP for calculation to create a snowflake image as the image feature for fault diagnosis. Finally, the PV module fault recognition was performed using CNN. There were 3200 test data records in this study, and 800 data records (200 data records of each fault) were used as test samples. The test results show that the recognition accuracy was as high as 99.88%. It is better than the traditional ENN algorithm, having an accuracy of 91.75%. Therefore, while capturing the fault signals effectively and displaying them in images, the proposed method accurately recognizes the PV modules’ fault types. Full article
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2021

Jump to: 2023, 2022

21 pages, 6161 KiB  
Review
A Review of the Degradation of Photovoltaic Modules for Life Expectancy
by Jaeun Kim, Matheus Rabelo, Siva Parvathi Padi, Hasnain Yousuf, Eun-Chel Cho and Junsin Yi
Energies 2021, 14(14), 4278; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14144278 - 15 Jul 2021
Cited by 121 | Viewed by 12391
Abstract
Photovoltaic (PV) modules are generally considered to be the most reliable components of PV systems. The PV module has a high probability of being able to perform adequately for 30 years under typical operating conditions. In order to evaluate the long-term performance of [...] Read more.
Photovoltaic (PV) modules are generally considered to be the most reliable components of PV systems. The PV module has a high probability of being able to perform adequately for 30 years under typical operating conditions. In order to evaluate the long-term performance of a PV module under diversified terrestrial conditions, outdoor-performance data should be used. However, this requires a wait of 25 years to determine the module reliability, which is highly undesirable. Thus, accelerated-stress tests performed in the laboratory by mimicking different field conditions are important for understanding the performance of a PV module. In this paper, we discuss PV-module degradation types and different accelerated-stress types that are used to evaluate the PV-module reliability and durability for life expectancy before using them in the real field. Finally, prevention and correction measures are described to minimize economic losses. Full article
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