Special Issue "Construction Process Monitoring and Structural Damage Identification for Buildings and Bridges"

A special issue of Buildings (ISSN 2075-5309). This special issue belongs to the section "Building Structures".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2022 | Viewed by 2603

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Minshui Huang
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China
Interests: structural health monitoring; damage identification; model updating; structural dynamics; optimization algorithms
Dr. Jianfeng Gu
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Wuhan Institute of Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China
Interests: structural health monitoring; damage identification; structural dynamics

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Construction process monitoring plays an important role in the construction of buildings, which determines the quality and durability of high-rise or large-span building structures. Meanwhile, structural damage identification can identify the internal damage of a building structure in the early stage, which can extend the service life and reduce the expense of maintenance and the cost of human resources. In the context of the development of high-rise buildings and skyscrapers, designers, engineers, construction crews, and maintenance staff must pay attention to the whole process that from construction to service.

The main aim of this Special Issue "Construction Process Monitoring and Structural Damage Identification for Buildings and Bridges" in Buildings is to provide a platform for the discussion of the major research challenges and achievements on the development of novel construction process monitoring strategies for improving the management efficiency of buildings under construction; innovative damage identification; and anomaly detection methods for accurately localizing and quantifying structural damage of buildings in serving an accurate and high-efficiency finite element model, which can update methods for building structures and structural analysis and condition assessment.

This Special Issue provides an integrated view of the problems associated with the achievement of health monitoring strategies for buildings under construction period and the trends in the development of structural damage identification methods for in-service buildings.

Prof. Minshui Huang warmly invites authors to submit their papers for potential inclusion in this Special Issue on structural health monitoring of buildings in the construction and operational period.

Prof. Dr. Minshui Huang
Dr. Jianfeng Gu
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Buildings is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • construction process monitoring
  • structural health monitoring and health condition assessment
  • structural damage identification and anomaly detection
  • finite element model updating
  • structural analysis
  • optimization methods

Published Papers (7 papers)

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Research

Article
Research on the Application of Multi-Source Data Analysis for Bridge Safety Monitoring in the Reconstruction and Demolition Process
Buildings 2022, 12(8), 1195; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12081195 - 09 Aug 2022
Viewed by 174
Abstract
With the increase of bridge-required demolition/dismantling for reconstruction or modification, the early warning of construction emergencies is greatly needed for monitoring the structural safety of bridges under construction. In this paper, based on the multi-source data of nearby construction and demolition construction of [...] Read more.
With the increase of bridge-required demolition/dismantling for reconstruction or modification, the early warning of construction emergencies is greatly needed for monitoring the structural safety of bridges under construction. In this paper, based on the multi-source data of nearby construction and demolition construction of a large-span RC arch bridge in China, the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) method is adopted to analyze the multi-source data and set the early warning threshold for bridge safety in construction. According to the analytical results, a reasonable evaluation of AHP factors can improve the accuracy and timeliness of safety early warning in the structural safety monitoring of bridges during the construction process. The weight of the monitoring data in AHP should be assigned according to its reliability, stability, and importance. Bridge safety assessment of nearby construction having harmful vibration should prioritize dynamic bridge monitoring by cooperating with multi-source data, including stress, and deformation monitoring of the bridge is necessary. The assessment results proved that multi-source data, including but not limited to structural stress and deformation monitoring data, vibration data, theoretical prediction data, environment data such as temperature data, and construction/maintenance history data, are necessary for safety monitoring and early warning of construction with specifications related to bridge construction. The early warnings triggered by the evaluation results successfully ensure the safety status of the bridge during nearby construction and demolition construction, which shows the proposed method can provide a guideline for comprehensively evaluating and early warning of the status of bridge construction. Full article
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Article
Research on Soft Flutter of 420m-Span Pedestrian Suspension Bridge and Its Aerodynamic Measures
Buildings 2022, 12(8), 1173; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12081173 - 05 Aug 2022
Viewed by 318
Abstract
In order to study the flutter of long-span pedestrian suspension bridge and its aerodynamic control, a 420m-span pedestrian suspension bridge is used as an engineering example, the wind-induced vibration of seven particular aerodynamic sections is studied by wind tunnel tests, and the soft [...] Read more.
In order to study the flutter of long-span pedestrian suspension bridge and its aerodynamic control, a 420m-span pedestrian suspension bridge is used as an engineering example, the wind-induced vibration of seven particular aerodynamic sections is studied by wind tunnel tests, and the soft flutter phenomenon of two kinds of aerodynamic sections is identified. The results show that the wind fairing and the wind-retaining plate measures are not necessarily effective measures to improve the wind-induced stability of long-span pedestrian suspension bridge, as these two measures may reduce the flutter stability: the wind fairing section in the positive angle of attack is prone to torsion-based soft flutter phenomenon, in which the vertical vibration spectrum contains multiple vibration frequencies, so the conventional formulation of the linearized self-excited forces is no longer satisfied; the wind-retaining plate section in the negative angle of attack is prone to soft flutter dominated by vertical vibration, and the beat vibration phenomenon is found in the torsional vibration time history of the wind-retaining section. Slotting in the center of the girder section can significantly change the flow state of the section, which is an effective measure to improve the flutter stability of the pedestrian suspension bridge. Full article
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Article
Research on Bridge Damage Identification Based on WPE-MDS and HTF-SAPSO
Buildings 2022, 12(8), 1089; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12081089 - 25 Jul 2022
Viewed by 229
Abstract
In recent decades, structural damage identification based on the wavelet analysis method has been widely developed, but it is still confronted with many difficulties, such as large decomposition error and complex data. In order to overcome the shortcomings of analysis based on wavelet, [...] Read more.
In recent decades, structural damage identification based on the wavelet analysis method has been widely developed, but it is still confronted with many difficulties, such as large decomposition error and complex data. In order to overcome the shortcomings of analysis based on wavelet, the wavelet packet analysis method is adopted to decompose the acceleration data into wavelet packets, and the frequency band energy value after wavelet packet decomposition (WPE) is taken as the different dimensions of the Mahalanobis distance squared (MDS) in this study, where the MDS value of the same element between different samples is calculated, and the mean value of 30 groups of MDS values for each element is processed. The change rate between the MDS value of the element that exceeds the MDS value in the healthy state and the MDS mean value in the healthy state as the objective function. The combination of weight coefficient and hyperbolic tangent function is used to improve the simulated annealing particle swarm optimization (SAPSO) algorithm, and the improved hyperbolic tangent function-simulated annealing particle swarm optimization (HTF-SAPSO) is used to iteratively calculate the damage severity. The numerical simulation and vibration testing of a steel beam are conducted to verify the identification performance of damage location and the analysis of damage severity by this method, respectively. The numerical model of the experimental I-beam is established based on the MATLAB modeling platform, and the different damage cases are utilized to illustrate the correctness of this study. The different proportions of noise effects are adopted to the numerical simulation analysis, where the correlations between noise effects and MDS value and damage severity are analyzed. In the numerical simulation, although the MDS value increases to different degrees with the increase of the noise ratio, the damage identification result of the damaged element remains mostly constant, which indicates that the influence is negligible. In conclusion, it is feasible to construct the damage index via the combination of WPE and MDS values, the damage location can be judged from whether the MDS value of the element exceeds the threshold, and the HTF-SAPSO algorithm is more efficient and accurate to be adopted in the quantification of the damage severity. Full article
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Article
Prestressed Concrete Box Girder with High-Capacity Strands-Monitoring and Analysis during Fabrication
Buildings 2022, 12(7), 911; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12070911 - 28 Jun 2022
Viewed by 294
Abstract
Despite the attractive merits of high-capacity strands, the application in bridge girders is limited due to concerns, including concrete cracking, excessive stress, and cambers. An efficient and defect-free production is the first step to wide application. The objective of this research was to [...] Read more.
Despite the attractive merits of high-capacity strands, the application in bridge girders is limited due to concerns, including concrete cracking, excessive stress, and cambers. An efficient and defect-free production is the first step to wide application. The objective of this research was to alleviate the production concerns of prestressed concrete bridge girders using high-capacity strands. A gigantic prestressed concrete box girder using 18-mm strands was produced; its entire fabrication process (from strand stressing to detension) was introduced. Sixteen temperature gauges were embedded in the girder to monitor the hydration of the large volume of concrete and the adjacent environmental temperature. Moreover, displacement transducers were used to measure the camber at detension; load cells were installed to monitor the variations of the prestressing strand tensile forces during fabrication. Monitoring and analysis showed that the timing of the detension is determined by the hydration of the concrete, the compressive strength of the concrete, and its modulus of elasticity or age. Since the tensile forces in strands are affected by the concrete’s internal temperature, the detension is conducted after the concrete temperature falls back (close to its initial value); otherwise, unfavorable and considerable prestress losses are caused. Finally, a 4-d detension was suggested since the hydration was not a concern at the time; the predicted prestress loss and camber were acceptable and the concrete material properties at 4 d satisfied the requirements. Full article
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Article
Structural Performance and Reasonable Cross-Ratio of Cross-Cable Multi-Tower Cable-Stayed Bridges
Buildings 2022, 12(6), 764; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12060764 - 04 Jun 2022
Viewed by 403
Abstract
The Queensferry Crossing in the UK is the first multi-tower cable-stayed bridge in the world to use mid-span cross-stayed cables to improve structural rigidity. To study the structural performance and economy of cross-cable multi-tower cable-stayed bridges, a total of 11 finite element models [...] Read more.
The Queensferry Crossing in the UK is the first multi-tower cable-stayed bridge in the world to use mid-span cross-stayed cables to improve structural rigidity. To study the structural performance and economy of cross-cable multi-tower cable-stayed bridges, a total of 11 finite element models were established using two cross-cable setting methods. By changing the number of crossed cables in the mid-span, the variation laws of structural deformation and internal force are obtained. The cross-cable efficiency based on structural stiffness and the cross-cable economy based on the consumption of cables used in the entire bridge are quantitatively analyzed, and it is considered that there is a reasonable cross-ratio of cross-cables. Combined with the current design specification and the empirical data of the actual bridge, the limits of the double indicators were determined, and a scheme comparison chart was formed. The results show that under the action of unbalanced load, the cross cable can greatly reduce deformation and balance the internal force of the structure. The optimal solution is to form a mid-span cable crossing by adjusting the cable spacing, and the reasonable range of cross-ratio is 15%~35%. If the structural stiffness is improved by adding additional cross cables, the cross-ratio should be controlled within 16% to ensure structural economy. This provides a reference for the design and research of cross-cable multi-tower cable-stayed bridges in the future. Full article
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Article
Analysis of Buckling Deformation for the Side Plate of Rectangular CSFT Column Based on Plate Theory with Bi-Axial Loads
Buildings 2022, 12(5), 626; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12050626 - 09 May 2022
Viewed by 356
Abstract
In this paper, under the condition of bidirectional stress, the buckling deformation of the side plate in a rectangular concrete-filled steel tube (CFST) column has been studied in detail. We have conducted a theocratical analysis, an experimental validation and a finite element simulation [...] Read more.
In this paper, under the condition of bidirectional stress, the buckling deformation of the side plate in a rectangular concrete-filled steel tube (CFST) column has been studied in detail. We have conducted a theocratical analysis, an experimental validation and a finite element simulation to investigate the influences of the height-width ratios and Nominal Poisson’s ratios on the buckling form of the side plate, and we also try to explain the change of buckling form between unidirectional and bidirectional stress, both of them can provide a good reference and basis for design and application of the CFST column. The specific work can be summarized as follows: Firstly, a theoretical analysis has been conducted to study the buckling coefficient solution method of the thin plate under the conditions of axial compress and transverse tension. Then, under the conditions of the unidirectional and the bidirectional stress, a comparative study is carried out to investigate the changing relationship of the buckling coefficient (k) of the side plate; the results indicate that the buckling characteristic is changed due to the bidirectional stress, meanwhile, the buckling coefficient and the number of buckling half-wave will increase. Furthermore, the existing outcomes and the numerical simulations are adopted to study the relevance between the number of the elastic buckling half-wave in the side plate and the corresponding height-width ratio of the component; the results indicate that the former is larger than the latter. Finally, based on the obtained, the buckling relationship curve, the conclusion can be drawn as follows: when the bidirectional stress has been applied to the side plate, there is an equal interval between the different buckling half-waves; meanwhile, the interval shows a quadratic function reduce trend with the increase of nominal Poisson’s ratio. Full article
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Article
Improved Data-Driven Stochastic Subspace Identification with Autocorrelation Matrix Modal Order Estimation for Bridge Modal Parameter Extraction Using GB-SAR Data
Buildings 2022, 12(2), 253; https://doi.org/10.3390/buildings12020253 - 21 Feb 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 444
Abstract
With the advantage of non-contact measurement, ground-based synthetic aperture radar (GB-SAR) has been widely used to obtain the dynamic deflection of various bridges. Data-driven stochastic subspace recognition (Data-SSI), a popularized time-domain technique, is commonly used for modal parameter identification of bridges. To improve [...] Read more.
With the advantage of non-contact measurement, ground-based synthetic aperture radar (GB-SAR) has been widely used to obtain the dynamic deflection of various bridges. Data-driven stochastic subspace recognition (Data-SSI), a popularized time-domain technique, is commonly used for modal parameter identification of bridges. To improve the computational efficiency and accuracy of the Data-SSI method for bridge modal parameter estimation using GB-SAR, this paper proposes an improved Data-SSI method. First, boxplot data filtering is applied to screen out the error points to generate a Hankel matrix. Second, the Hankel matrix compression method is presented to reduce the ill-conditioned vectors in the column vectors of the Hankel matrix to improve calculation efficiency. Finally, the exact modal order (EMO) modal estimation algorithm based on the autocorrelation matrix is adopted to reduce the generation of false modes and improve the calculation efficiency. The results of simulation and field experiments show that the natural frequency values for the improved Data-SSI method are 2.3208 and 2.3189 and the damping ratio coefficient values are 8.10 and 8.08, under windows 1 and 2, respectively. The operation times using the improved Data-SSI method are 2.02 s and 7.61 s under windows 1 and 2, respectively. This proves that the proposed improved Data-SSI method has higher accuracy and computational efficiency. Full article
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