Special Issue "Biological Clocks"
A special issue of Biology (ISSN 2079-7737).
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2018).
Interests: Circadian Rhythms; Sleep; Photoreceptor Biology; Circadian Entrainment; Sleep Disruption; Neuroscience
There have been over a trillion dawns and dusks since life began some 3.8 billion years ago. During that time the earth’s daily rotation has slowed to a shade less than 24 hours. This predictable daily solar cycle results in regular and profound changes in environmental light, temperature and food availability. Almost all life on earth, including humans, employs an internal biological timer to anticipate these daily changes. The possession of some form of clock permits organisms to optimise physiology and behaviour in advance of the varied demands of the day/night cycle. Organisms effectively ‘know’ the time of day. Such internally generated daily rhythms are called “circadian rhythms” from the Latin circa (about) and dies (day). Despite the diversity of life on our planet there are many similarities in the way in which circadian rhythms are generated and synchronised to the solar cycle. There is a molecular feedback loop – the transcription-translation feedback loop (TTFL) – that underpins all these processes, and our understanding of this molecular clockwork provides the best example to date of how genes and their protein products interact to generate complex behaviour. The TTFL is invariably set or “entrained” to the solar day by specialized photoreceptors that detect the changes in environmental light. This special issue will explain how circadian rhythms are generated and regulated across the diversity of life on earth, why these rhythms are important in regulating physiology and behavior and what happens when these rhythms break-down in humans under conditions of disease and/or imposed environmental disruption such as shift-work and 24/7 life-styles.
Prof. Dr. Russell Foster
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Biology is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Biological Clocks
- Clock Genes
- Life on Earth
- Human Health
- 24/7 Life Styles