Special Issue "Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture"

A special issue of Agronomy (ISSN 2073-4395). This special issue belongs to the section "Farming Sustainability".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 10 December 2021.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Djamilia Skripnuk
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg, Russia
Interests: economy; institutional economy; circular economy; environment; entrepreneurship; innovation; technology; Industry 4.0 development; rural area
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Gulnara Romashkina
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
University of Tyumen, 6 Volodarskogo Street, 625003 Tyumen, Russian Federation
Interests: sociology; economic sociology; mathematical methods and models in economics; data analysis methods; food security; sociocultural development; human capital, behavior; agroecology
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Despite the ongoing changes in the institutional structure of all regions of the world due to industrialization, intellectual interest in rural life is perhaps more pronounced than ever. Therefore, it is necessary to ensure the stability of the global economy for agriculture, as well as to protect markets from unforeseen environmental, political, and economic shocks.

To meet these challenges, we need to strengthen our knowledge of the economic and social aspects of agriculture; agroecology; sustainable development of rural areas; food security, including production, distribution, delivery, and consumption of safe and quality food; and environmental protection.

The purpose of this Special Issue is to consolidate original research and/or review articles on the possibilities and limitations of sustainable development of agriculture and rural areas, and food security and self-sufficiency, including social, political, economic, and technological aspects.

We are interested in local practices of sustainable development and activities in agriculture. We are also looking for research on organic farming; conservation agriculture, including the concept of “agroecological intensification”; opportunities for the development and management of soil and water; pest, weed, and disease control; and social innovation (including value chains) to support agricultural diversification.

The solution of food security problems largely depends on the provision of quality food, as well as on the physical and economic availability of food for different countries, territories, and social strata.

Prof. Dr. Djamilia Skripnuk
Prof. Dr. Gulnara Romashkina
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Agronomy is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • economics
  • sociology
  • agriculture
  • environment
  • technology
  • farmers
  • agroecology
  • food security
  • settlement
  • territory
  • institutions
  • sociocultural development
  • factors
  • entrepreneurship
  • social
  • nutrition
  • culture
  • behavior
  • rural areas

Published Papers (14 papers)

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Research

Article
Measurement and Evaluation of the Efficiency and Total Productivity of Dairy Farms in Poland
Agronomy 2021, 11(11), 2095; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11112095 (registering DOI) - 20 Oct 2021
Viewed by 208
Abstract
The aim of the article is to measure and evaluate the economic and technical efficiency as well as the total productivity of dairy farms in Poland. The research used data from the Polish FADN. The analysis covered the years 2008–2017. The study group [...] Read more.
The aim of the article is to measure and evaluate the economic and technical efficiency as well as the total productivity of dairy farms in Poland. The research used data from the Polish FADN. The analysis covered the years 2008–2017. The study group consisted of 730 farms. An iteration-optimization method, k-means clustering, non-parametric DEA method, and aggregated Färe–Primont indexes were used to achieve the goal. The conducted research allowed for the distinction of four types of dairy farms with different levels of economic efficiency. We prove that the costs of labor, energy, maintenance of machines and buildings, fodder, depreciation, and overheads, as well as agricultural land, affect the technical efficiency and total productivity of dairy farms. We also prove that over the analyzed years, technical efficiency decreased in all groups of dairy farms, while the Färe–Primont index of total productivity changes slightly increased. The validity of these studies and their practical significance result from the need to improve the competitiveness of dairy farms and increase their profitability. Our research fills a gap in research on measuring and evaluating the efficiency and productivity of dairy farms, and at the same time represents an original approach to the studied phenomenon. Moreover, it allows for the explanation of differences in the effectiveness of different types of dairy farms, providing useful information for the design of effective targeted policy interventions to improve the competitiveness of the Polish dairy sector. There are opportunities to improve both the technical efficiency and productivity of dairy farms in Poland. This increase will be possible thanks to the improvement of agricultural advisory services and ensuring that farmers participate in training in proper nutrition, reproduction, milk marketing and other management skills. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
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Article
Implementation of Food Retail Functions in Poland in the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic
Agronomy 2021, 11(10), 1962; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11101962 - 29 Sep 2021
Viewed by 256
Abstract
Retail trade is one of many links of the food supply chain to the consumer. Therefore, the efficiency of its operation is influenced by the earlier located links in the chain, first of all by agriculture, processing, logistics, and wholesale trade, as well [...] Read more.
Retail trade is one of many links of the food supply chain to the consumer. Therefore, the efficiency of its operation is influenced by the earlier located links in the chain, first of all by agriculture, processing, logistics, and wholesale trade, as well as by consumers. The research problem in this paper, specified in the form of questions, is as follows: Has the 2020 pandemic reduced the performance of food retailing functions in less-developed regions of Poland? What is the assessment of the degree of their implementation? What directions should be taken at the micro and macro level to increase resilience to the negative effects of future crisis phenomena, in the implementation of the functions of this trade? The cognitive aim of the study was to examine the degree of performance of economic and social functions by the food retail trade in Poland, after one year of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic (with the example of the Lubuskie region). For its implementation, four research hypotheses were formulated. The work was carried out in three stages, theoretical-interpretative, methodological, empirical, and consisted of three parts. In the experimental part, the method of CATI interviews with store owners/managers and the method of advanced statistics, classification, and visualization were used. The article brings new cognitive and normative value concerning food retailing in Poland. The results of the study enabled the realization of the aim of the paper and the verification of the hypotheses. The conclusions are presented in the summary of the individual parts of the empirical data analysis and in the conclusion of the paper. The paper contributes to the literature a new recognition of the degree of performance of the seven examined functions by food retail units, during the pandemic. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
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Article
Toward Fraudulent Pesticides in Rural Areas: Do Farmers’ Recognition and Purchasing Behaviors Matter?
Agronomy 2021, 11(9), 1882; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11091882 - 19 Sep 2021
Viewed by 356
Abstract
The growth of fraudulent pesticide trade has become a threat to farmers’ health, agrochemical businesses, and agricultural sustainability, as well as to the environment. However, assessment of the levels of farmers’ exposure to fraudulent pesticides in the literature is often limited. This paper [...] Read more.
The growth of fraudulent pesticide trade has become a threat to farmers’ health, agrochemical businesses, and agricultural sustainability, as well as to the environment. However, assessment of the levels of farmers’ exposure to fraudulent pesticides in the literature is often limited. This paper conducted a quantitative study of farmers’ recognition and purchasing behaviors with regard to fraudulent pesticides in the Dakhalia governorate of Egypt. Using a structured questionnaire, data were collected by face-to-face interviews with 368 farmers in three districts of the governorate. The questionnaire included questions on socioeconomic characteristics, risk perception, recognition behavior, and purchasing behavior regarding fraudulent pesticides. The findings indicate that farmers perceived high risks to farmer health and crop yield (a score of 4 out of 5) and a moderate risk to the environment (3.5 out of 5) from fraudulent pesticides. Nonetheless, nearly three-fourths of the farmers had purchased fraudulent pesticides anyway. The statistical analysis suggests that farmers who resist purchasing fraudulent pesticides have higher education, longer experience in farming, and better recognition of fraudulent pesticides. To improve farmers’ ability to distinguish and avoid fraudulent pesticides, the paper recommends communication-related anti-counterfeiting measures such as awareness extension programs, as well as distribution measures in cooperation with other stakeholders. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
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Article
Does Intellectual Capital Measurement Matter in Financial Performance? An Investigation of Chinese Agricultural Listed Companies
by and
Agronomy 2021, 11(9), 1872; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11091872 - 17 Sep 2021
Viewed by 317
Abstract
Intellectual capital (IC) has become a crucial strategic resource in the knowledge economy. The purpose of this study is to understand the IC-financial performance relationship of listed Chinese agricultural companies. This paper uses the original value added intellectual coefficient (VAIC) model, the adjusted [...] Read more.
Intellectual capital (IC) has become a crucial strategic resource in the knowledge economy. The purpose of this study is to understand the IC-financial performance relationship of listed Chinese agricultural companies. This paper uses the original value added intellectual coefficient (VAIC) model, the adjusted VAIC (AVAIC) model, and the modified VAIC (MVAIC) model to measure IC. The results show a positive and significant relationship between IC and financial performance (return on assets and return on equity) in three models. Additionally, human capital and physical capital are two major driving forces. In the AVAIC model, innovation capital exerts a positive impact on financial performance, whereas this impact is not significant at the 5% level in the MVAIC model. The results suggest that further improvements in IC measurement are still needed. This study has important implications for both academia and industry regarding IC measurement. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
Article
An Economic Model of Sustainable Development in the Russian Arctic: The Idea of Building Vertical Farms
Agronomy 2021, 11(9), 1863; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11091863 - 16 Sep 2021
Viewed by 601
Abstract
The main aim of the article is to find out the key factors of sustainable development of the Russian Arctic, which is strategically significant for Russia. The academic literature was reviewed to find out the time dynamics of the references to the economic [...] Read more.
The main aim of the article is to find out the key factors of sustainable development of the Russian Arctic, which is strategically significant for Russia. The academic literature was reviewed to find out the time dynamics of the references to the economic models suitable for achieving the goals of sustainable development, and there has been hyperbolic growth in the attention paid to similar problems all around the world. The article compares three relatively new economic models in order to understand which of them is the most applicable to the promotion of sustainable development in the Russian Arctic: (a) bioeconomy, (b) green economy and (c) circular economy. The analysis of the relevant sources shows that the model of the circular economy is preferable for the Russian Arctic. Most of the article is dedicated to understanding the sources and mechanisms of the circular economy. The schematic description of vertical greenhouses and possibility of using vertical farms are presented in the paper as an example of organization of local food production according to the principles of the circular economy. The article considers a modeled project of creating a vertical farm in the Russian Arctic and a simulated indicator—profit of the vertical farm. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
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Article
Improvement of Organic Farm Assessment Procedures on the Example of Organic Farming in Poland—Recommendations for Organic Farming in Poland
Agronomy 2021, 11(8), 1560; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11081560 - 05 Aug 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 414
Abstract
Organic farming is an agricultural production system that combines tradition, innovation, and science to provide high-quality food, benefit the shared environment, and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved. It is a subject of certification (i.e., issuing a [...] Read more.
Organic farming is an agricultural production system that combines tradition, innovation, and science to provide high-quality food, benefit the shared environment, and promote fair relationships and a good quality of life for all involved. It is a subject of certification (i.e., issuing a declaration by a third party) based on a decision preceded by a review that compliance with specified requirements has been demonstrated in relation to products, processes, systems, or persons. As a result, organic food is created. The aim of the article was to conduct a critical analysis of the procedures and practices for the evaluation of organic farms carried out by Polish certification bodies and to identify areas for their improvement. The presented results are the effect of qualitative research based on in-depth interviews with the representatives of organic farms certifiers. They were preceded by preparatory research, in which the Delphi method was used. The questioned units in total provide services to approximately 50% of organic producers in Poland and each of them have at least 10 years of experience in the certification of organic farms. Specific areas of improvement in the process of evaluation of organic farms were identified and briefly discussed. As a result, the authors also formulated appropriate recommendations for improvement in the identified areas. Implementation of these recommendations would make it possible to standardize the activities of individual certification bodies and increases the transparency and credibility of the organic farming control system in Poland. Consequently, such implementation has the potential to increase consumer confidence in organic food. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
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Article
Do Erratic Rainfalls Hamper Grain Production? Analysis of Supply Response of Rice to Price and Non-Price Factors
Agronomy 2021, 11(8), 1463; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11081463 - 22 Jul 2021
Viewed by 571
Abstract
Increasing rice production has become one of the ultimate goals for South Asian countries. The yield and area under rice production are also facing threats due to the consequences of climate change such as erratic rainfall and seasonal variation. Thus, the main aim [...] Read more.
Increasing rice production has become one of the ultimate goals for South Asian countries. The yield and area under rice production are also facing threats due to the consequences of climate change such as erratic rainfall and seasonal variation. Thus, the main aim of this work was to find out the supply response of rice in Malaysia in relation to both price and non-price factors. To achieve this target, time series analysis was conducted on data from 1970 to 2014 using cointegration, unit root test, and the vector error correction model. The results showed that the planted area and rainfall have a significant effect on rice production; however, the magnitude of the impact of rainfall is less conspicuous for off-season (season 2) rice as compared to main-season rice (season 1). The speed of adjustment from short-run to long-run for season-1 rice production is almost two-and-a-half years (five production seasons), while for season-2 production, it is only about one-and-a-half year (three production seasons). Consequently, the study findings imply the supply of water to be enhanced through better water infrastructure for both seasons. Moreover, the area under season 2 is continuously declining to the point where the government has to make sure that farmers are able to cultivate the same area for rice production by providing uninterrupted supply of critical inputs, particularly water, seed and fertilizers. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
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Article
Economic and Social Barriers of Precision Farming in Hungary
Agronomy 2021, 11(6), 1112; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061112 - 29 May 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 918
Abstract
Precision farming may play an important role in agricultural innovation. The study focuses on the attitude of Hungarian farmers toward precision farming. Based on the relevant technical literature, we performed a nationally representative questionnaire survey of 594 farmers and deep interviews with experts [...] Read more.
Precision farming may play an important role in agricultural innovation. The study focuses on the attitude of Hungarian farmers toward precision farming. Based on the relevant technical literature, we performed a nationally representative questionnaire survey of 594 farmers and deep interviews with experts and farmers (30 persons). As regards the questionnaire, the authors found that the management of the average farm size in Hungary has the highest willingness to innovate and the second highest level of education among the developed clusters. The survey shows undertrained farmers with large farms to be the second most open group, which may result in the partial application of precision farming techniques. One of the most unexpected results of the Precision Farmers’ cluster is that the positive socio-economic utility of precision farming is rated as extremely low. In-depth interviews prove that the use of precision technologies does not increase local social cohesion. Strong organisational isolation of precision farmers prevents the spread of innovation knowledge and precision farming amongst the farming community, and the challenges of competitiveness alone do not force farmers to apply precision farming. Our results may be useful for the establishment of agricultural strategy. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
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Article
Sustainable Crop Production, the Concurrent Adoption of Contract Farming, and Managing Risks through Income Diversification
Agronomy 2021, 11(5), 973; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050973 - 13 May 2021
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 743
Abstract
This paper is aimed at evaluating the factors affecting the concurrent adoption of two risk coping strategies among hybrid maize farmers, namely income diversification supplemented with off-farm work and contract farming in the wake of changing climatic conditions. Climatic changes and food insecurity [...] Read more.
This paper is aimed at evaluating the factors affecting the concurrent adoption of two risk coping strategies among hybrid maize farmers, namely income diversification supplemented with off-farm work and contract farming in the wake of changing climatic conditions. Climatic changes and food insecurity at the national level have emerged as key risk elements for hybrid maize production due to varying economic conditions. The present paper addresses these risks by examining various sources of risks faced by hybrid maize farmers and develops ideas to tackle these risks. Bivariate and multinomial probit models were employed to analyze numerous factors that influence farmers’ choice of the simultaneous adoption of income diversification (both on and off the farm) and contract farming at the farm level. The results reveal that hybrid maize farmers’ socioeconomic attributes significantly affect their adoption of risk coping tools. Similarly, the climatic, economic (price-related), biological, and financial risk perceptions and risk preference significantly influence the utilization of risk coping strategies in maize production. These outcomes extend our understanding of farmers’ risk preferences and provide parameters for policymakers to forestall diverse risk sources associated with hybrid maize production. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
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Article
Green Infrastructures and Grand Environmental Challenges: A Review of Research Trends by Keyword
Agronomy 2021, 11(4), 782; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11040782 - 16 Apr 2021
Viewed by 539
Abstract
This article aims to analyze research trends on the role played by green infrastructures as a tool seeking to address current environmental challenges, such as climate change, that put human well-being at risk. For this purpose, a bibliometric analysis was used on documents [...] Read more.
This article aims to analyze research trends on the role played by green infrastructures as a tool seeking to address current environmental challenges, such as climate change, that put human well-being at risk. For this purpose, a bibliometric analysis was used on documents obtained from the WoS database, and selecting the combination of words “green infrastructures”, “ecosystem services”, and “climate change”. The results of this study point to the potential for Green Infrastructures to become a major strategic factor in addressing the global environmental and social challenges facing cities. The findings obtained are relevant to researchers, professionals, and others working on green infrastructure research as tools to address current global environmental problems, such as climate change, urban pollution, loss of biodiversity, or the risk of emergence of new epidemics or diseases. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
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Article
Advantages and Constraints of Eco-Efficiency Measures: The Case of the Polish Food Industry
Agronomy 2021, 11(2), 299; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11020299 - 08 Feb 2021
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 727
Abstract
The issue of the efficiency of food processing enterprises is ever-present because of the continuous process of improving the quality standards of raw materials, complying with the procedures in food production, introducing modern production technology, and, above all, due to the large number [...] Read more.
The issue of the efficiency of food processing enterprises is ever-present because of the continuous process of improving the quality standards of raw materials, complying with the procedures in food production, introducing modern production technology, and, above all, due to the large number of actors who are competing for customers in the domestic and foreign food market. In the coming years, the Polish food processing sector will be facing significant challenges with the inevitable slow and gradual decrease in the cost advantages of raw material prices as well as ready-to-eat products. Manufacturing businesses, in the long run, will need to determine the efficiency, and hence the competitiveness of the Polish food processing sector. The aim of this paper was to review the domestic and foreign literature in terms of the classification and systematization of the concept of eco-efficiency and to find the most optimal set of eco-efficiency measures based on the research in chosen food processing enterprises in Poland. In the theoretical part of the study, methods of descriptive, comparative, deductive, and synthetic analysis were used. In the practical part of the study, appropriately selected qualitative methods, such as a questionnaire, were presented. The results of the analysis were based on the results of the authors’ own calculations, as well specific findings from business practice, both from inland and abroad. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
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Article
The Impact of Intellectual Capital on the Profitability of Russian Agricultural Firms
Agronomy 2021, 11(2), 286; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11020286 - 04 Feb 2021
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 659
Abstract
Economic efficiency is a function of two types of resources: those that are presented in financial statements and those that are not. Non-balance sheet resources are referred as to intellectual capital (IC). The purpose of the paper is to investigate the relationship between [...] Read more.
Economic efficiency is a function of two types of resources: those that are presented in financial statements and those that are not. Non-balance sheet resources are referred as to intellectual capital (IC). The purpose of the paper is to investigate the relationship between IC, its components and the level of financial profitability. To conduct the analysis, we used the system generalized method of moments for a broad sample of Russian firms that operate in the agribusiness industry. We employed two financial approaches to IC estimation. The first one is the Value Added Intellectual Coefficient (VAIC). The second one is own-created approach that is supposed to respond the criticism regarding VAIC. Comparison between VAIC and own-created approach to IC estimation revealed that the latter is more appropriate due to its advantages. Our approach unlike VAIC allows measuring both efficiency ratios and the stocks of IC. The results showed that the efficiency of structural capital usage and the stock of human capital have the biggest impact on the profitability level of the agricultural businesses among employed measures of IC. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
Article
Consumer Trust in Quality and Safety of Food Products in Western Siberia
Agronomy 2021, 11(2), 257; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11020257 - 30 Jan 2021
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 770
Abstract
Modern Russia faces difficulties in ensuring food quality and safety. The updated federal food security doctrine focuses on export opportunities and monitoring the ratio between domestic production and consumption. This agenda is determined by possible external threats: sanctions and trade wars, various conflicts, [...] Read more.
Modern Russia faces difficulties in ensuring food quality and safety. The updated federal food security doctrine focuses on export opportunities and monitoring the ratio between domestic production and consumption. This agenda is determined by possible external threats: sanctions and trade wars, various conflicts, and economic and agricultural crises. The aim is to reveal the features of consumer behavior when interacting with food operators and to show the influence of socio-economic characteristics on individual practices. Empirical data are obtained from the authors’ mass survey and in-depth interviews. Results might signify that society came to a consensus on trust in quality and safety of food. Observed differences in outlet and product choices can be explained by income, settlement type, and age. Local producers are struggling to enter retail chains, as there are contradictions between consumer expectations and internal policies of sales operators. Experts argue that people poorly assess the real risks of economizing and favoring low-quality food. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
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Article
Analysing the Structure of the Global Wheat Trade Network: An ERGM Approach
Agronomy 2020, 10(12), 1967; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10121967 - 14 Dec 2020
Viewed by 735
Abstract
This paper studies the relationship between wheat trading countries using both descriptive and statistical inference methods for complex networks. The global Wheat Trade Network (WTN) and its evolving topological characteristics is analysed for the periods 2009–2013 and 2014–2018, using the Food and Agriculture [...] Read more.
This paper studies the relationship between wheat trading countries using both descriptive and statistical inference methods for complex networks. The global Wheat Trade Network (WTN) and its evolving topological characteristics is analysed for the periods 2009–2013 and 2014–2018, using the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) data. The network characterisation measures in both periods are rather stable. There are some differences, however, in the magnitude of some measures (e.g., connectivity or disassortativity), and a higher degree of inequality in the distribution of the number of partners and the distribution of trade volume in the period 2014–2018. An Exponential Random Graph Model (ERGM) has been applied to identify significant determinants associated with the presence/absence of trade links between countries. The results indicate that wheat trade links are driven mainly by country openness, reciprocity (mutual importer-exporter relationship), whether the exporting country is US or Canada and the geographical location of importer and exporter. Other factors, such as the economic size of the importing country, if the importing country is US or Canada and the land surface of the exporting country also contribute less to capture interlinkages of WTN. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Consumer trust in quality and safety of food products
Authors: Vladimir A. Davydenko; Marina V. Khudyakova; Djamilia F. Skripnuk; Roman R. Khuziakhmetov
Affiliation: University of Tyumen, Tyumen, Russia; Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Abstract: Though individual’s perception of food quality appropriately represents the condition of relationships in a local system “producer – sales operator – consumer”, it also helps estimate systemic/general trust. Aim of this paper is to 1) analyze factors that influence consumer trust in food quality and safety and 2) reveal barriers and opportunities for its strengthening. Empirical data is obtained from mass survey and in-depth interviews. The richer people are, the higher their trust is in food bought (and this is true for all sales operators). Insufficiency of general and interpersonal trust is observed. The level of trust is elastic across various social groups. Experts argue that consumers poorly assess the real risks of favoring low-quality food. Acknowledgements: this work is supported by the RFBR, project No. 20-011-00087 «Institutional factors and forms of rural territories development».

Title: The Impact of Intellectual Capital on the Profitability of Russian Agricultural Firms
Authors: Danila Ovechkin; Gulnara F. Romashkina; Vladimir A. Davydenko
Affiliation: Department of Economics and Finance, Tyumen State University, Tyumen, Russia
Abstract: The economic efficiency is a function of two types of resources: those that are presented in financial statements and those that are not. Non-balance sheet resources are referred as to intellectual capital (IC) The purpose of the article is to investigate the relationship between IC (and its subcomponents) and the level of financial profitability. In order to conduct the analysis, this paper uses two-step system generalized method of moments for a broad sample of Russian firms that operate in the agribusiness industry. Also, the authors employ different approaches to IC estimation that allows exploring the impact of intellectual capital from different points of view. Acknowledgements: this work is supported by the RFBR, project No. 20-011-00087.

Title: Advantages and constraints of eco-efficiency measures in chosen food processing enterprises. The case of Poland.
Authors: Anna Zielińska-Chmielewska; Jerzy Kaźmierczyk; Elena Andrianova
Affiliation: Department of Business Activity and Economic Policy, Poznań University of Economics and Business, Poland Institute of Economics
Abstract: The issue of eco-efficiency of food processing enterprises is ever-present because of the continuous process of improving the quality standards of raw materials, complying with the procedures in food production, introduction of modern production technology and, above all, due to the large number of actors who are competing for customers in the domestic and foreign food market. In the coming years Polish food processing sector will be facing significant challenges with the inevitable slow and gradual decrease in the cost advantages of raw materials’ prices, as well as ready to eat products. Enterprises, as they constitute the majority in manufacturing business, in the long run will need to determine the efficiency, and hence competitiveness of Polish food processing sector. The aim of the study is to review the domestic and foreign literature in terms of classification and systematization of the concept of eco-efficiency in food processing sector in Poland. In the theoretical part of the study methods of descriptive, comparative, deductive and synthetic analysis are used. In the practical part of the paper appropriately selected measures adequate for eco-efficiency measurement are presented. The results of the analysis is based on the results of authors’ own calculations, as well specific findings from business practice both from inland and abroad.

Title: Improvement of Organic Farms Assessment Procedures on the Example of Organic Farming in Poland
Authors: Jacek ŁUCZAK; Małgorzata MIŚNIAKIEWICZ; Natalia Maruszewska
Affiliation: 1、Department of Quality Management, Poznan University of Economics and Business, Poznan, Poland; 2、Cracow University of Economics, College of Management and Quality, Department of Food Product Quality, Krakow, Poland; 3、Krakow, Poland.
Abstract: Organic farming is an agricultural production system that combines tradition, innovation and science to provide high-quality food, benefit the environment, and promote fair relationships and a high quality of life. It is subject to certification, i.e. issuing a declaration by a third party based on a decision preceded by a review that compliance with specified requirements has been demonstrated in relation to products, processes, systems or persons. As a result, organic food is created, i.e. food produced in accordance with the principles of organic farming rules. The aim of the article is to conduct a critical analysis of the procedures for the evaluation of organic farms carried out by Polish certification bodies and to identify areas for their improvement. The presented results are the effect of qualitative research carried out in the period from March 2017 to April 2019 throughout Poland. The technique of in-depth interviews with representatives of six units that certificate producers reporting activities in the field of organic plant cultivation and animal maintenance was used. The surveyed units together provide services to approximately 50% of organic producers in Poland and have at least 10 years of experience in the certification of organic farms. The analysis of the obtained research results allowed identifying 10 areas for the improvement of the process of organic farms evaluation, for which appropriate recommendations were developed. Their implementation will make it possible to standardize the activities of individual certification bodies and increase the transparency and credibility of the organic farming control system in Poland, and, as a result, increase consumer confidence in organic food. The developed solutions modify the elements of the organic farms' qualification process by certifying entities, taking into account the role of these entities in the organic farm control system. Due to the fact that the Polish organic farming control system was established in accordance with the EU regulations on organic farming, the developed solutions constitute an element of the harmonization of control and supervision over organic farming certification on the EU scale and are universal in nature.

Title: Does Intellectual Capital Measurement Matter in Financial Performance? An Investigation of Chinese Agricultural Listed Companies
Authors: Liang Zhang; Qi Yu; Zhenji Jin; Jian Xu*
Affiliation: School of Management, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao 266109, China
Abstract: Intellectual capital (IC) has become a crucial strategic resource in the knowledge economy. The purpose of this study is to understand the IC-financial performance relationship of Chinese agricultural listed companies. This paper uses the original value added intellectual coefficient (VAIC) model, the adjusted VAIC (A-VAIC) model, and the modified VAIC (MVAIC) model to measure IC. The results show a positive and significant relationship between IC and financial performance (return on assets and return on equity) in three models. Additionally, human capital and physical capital are two major driving forces. In the A-VAIC model, innovation capital exerts a positive impact whereas this impact is not significant at the 5% level in the MVAIC model. The results suggest that further improvements in IC measurement are still needed. It has important implications for both academia and industry regarding IC measurement.

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