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Article

Economic and Social Barriers of Precision Farming in Hungary

1
Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
2
Faculty of Humanities, University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
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Centre for Social Sciences, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, 1097 Budapest, Hungary
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Faculty of Law, University of Debrecen, 4028 Debrecen, Hungary
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Healthcare Industry Institute, University of Debrecen, 4032 Debrecen, Hungary
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Institute of Applied Management Sciences, University of Pannonia Nagykanizsa—University Center for Circular Economy, 8800 Nagykanizsa, Hungary
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National Research, Development and Innovation Office, 1077 Budapest, Hungary
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Djamilia Skripnuk and Gulnara Romashkina
Agronomy 2021, 11(6), 1112; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061112
Received: 6 April 2021 / Revised: 18 May 2021 / Accepted: 26 May 2021 / Published: 29 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Economy and Sociology in Sustainable Agriculture)
Precision farming may play an important role in agricultural innovation. The study focuses on the attitude of Hungarian farmers toward precision farming. Based on the relevant technical literature, we performed a nationally representative questionnaire survey of 594 farmers and deep interviews with experts and farmers (30 persons). As regards the questionnaire, the authors found that the management of the average farm size in Hungary has the highest willingness to innovate and the second highest level of education among the developed clusters. The survey shows undertrained farmers with large farms to be the second most open group, which may result in the partial application of precision farming techniques. One of the most unexpected results of the Precision Farmers’ cluster is that the positive socio-economic utility of precision farming is rated as extremely low. In-depth interviews prove that the use of precision technologies does not increase local social cohesion. Strong organisational isolation of precision farmers prevents the spread of innovation knowledge and precision farming amongst the farming community, and the challenges of competitiveness alone do not force farmers to apply precision farming. Our results may be useful for the establishment of agricultural strategy. View Full-Text
Keywords: precision farming; social aspects; cluster; influencing factors; in-depth interview precision farming; social aspects; cluster; influencing factors; in-depth interview
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MDPI and ACS Style

Balogh, P.; Bai, A.; Czibere, I.; Kovách, I.; Fodor, L.; Bujdos, Á.; Sulyok, D.; Gabnai, Z.; Birkner, Z. Economic and Social Barriers of Precision Farming in Hungary. Agronomy 2021, 11, 1112. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061112

AMA Style

Balogh P, Bai A, Czibere I, Kovách I, Fodor L, Bujdos Á, Sulyok D, Gabnai Z, Birkner Z. Economic and Social Barriers of Precision Farming in Hungary. Agronomy. 2021; 11(6):1112. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061112

Chicago/Turabian Style

Balogh, Péter, Attila Bai, Ibolya Czibere, Imre Kovách, László Fodor, Ágnes Bujdos, Dénes Sulyok, Zoltán Gabnai, and Zoltán Birkner. 2021. "Economic and Social Barriers of Precision Farming in Hungary" Agronomy 11, no. 6: 1112. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11061112

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