Special Issue "Novel Braking Control Systems"

A special issue of Actuators (ISSN 2076-0825).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 August 2018).

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Chun-Liang Lin
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Electrical Engineering, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
Interests: automatic control; mechatronics; biomedical engineering
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

In recent decades, electronic brake control systems have been adopted as standard equipment even for the most inexpensive cars or trucks. Today, most newly-produced vehicles benefit from the optimized braking, enhanced acceleration, improved stability and intelligent functions that these systems provide. In practice, participants in system-level design considerations, vehicle interface requirements, and performance compromises have to be addressed. The physical differences of actuators for braking enjoin the use of different control schemes so as to be able to exploit their characteristics. The design of such systems forms the core of this Special Issue. Potential authors are encouraged to present different approaches in terms of either performance or of the structural properties of the closed-loop system with the aim of providing a comprehensive treatment of active vehicle braking control from a wider perspective linked to both advanced academic research and industrial reality. Other problems closely related to the design of braking control systems are also welcome.

The themes shall include, but are not limited to, the following topics:

  • Brake-by-wire control;
  • Wheel slip estimation and its relationship with braking control design;
  • Estimation of tire-road friction;
  • Direct estimation of tire-road contact forces via intire sensors;
  • Novel anti-lock braking system (ABS) design;
  • Regenerative braking control strategy for electric vehicles;
  • Control-oriented models of braking dynamics;
  • AI based braking control for smart vehicles;
  • Novel traction control (TCS) and electronic stability control (ESC);
  • Dynamic rear proportioning brake system;
  • Intelligent control for brake systems

Prof. Dr. Chun-Liang Lin
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Actuators is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Article
Modelling of a Partially Loaded Road Tanker during a Braking-in-a-Turn Maneuver
Actuators 2018, 7(3), 45; https://doi.org/10.3390/act7030045 - 01 Aug 2018
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2799
Abstract
Road safety depends on several factors associated with the vehicle, to the infrastructure, as well as to the environment and experience of vehicle drivers. Concerning the vehicle factors influencing the safety level of an infrastructure, it has been shown that the dynamic interaction [...] Read more.
Road safety depends on several factors associated with the vehicle, to the infrastructure, as well as to the environment and experience of vehicle drivers. Concerning the vehicle factors influencing the safety level of an infrastructure, it has been shown that the dynamic interaction between the carried liquid cargo and the vehicle influences the operational safety limits of the vehicle. A combination of vehicle and infrastructure factors converge when a vehicle carrying liquid cargo at a partial fill level performs a braking maneuver along a curved road segment. Such a maneuver involves both longitudinal and lateral load transfers that potentially affect both the braking efficiency and the lateral stability of the vehicle. In this paper, a series of models are set together to simulate the effects of a sloshing cargo on the braking efficiency and load transfer rate of a partially filled road tanker. The model assumes the superposition of the roll and pitch independent responses, while the vehicle is equipped with Anti-lock braking System brakes (ABS) in the four wheels. Results suggest that cargo sloshing can affect the performance of the vehicle on the order of 2% to 9%, as a function of the performance measure considered. A dedicated ABS system could be considered to cope with such diminished performance. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Braking Control Systems)
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Article
Coevolution of the Features of the Dynamics of the Accelerator Pedal and Hyperparameters of the Classifier for Emergency Braking Detection
Actuators 2018, 7(3), 39; https://doi.org/10.3390/act7030039 - 16 Jul 2018
Viewed by 2909
Abstract
We investigate the feasibility of inferring the intention of the human driver of road motor vehicles to apply emergency braking solely by analyzing the dynamics of lifting the accelerator pedal. Focusing on building the system that reliably classifies the emergency braking situations, we [...] Read more.
We investigate the feasibility of inferring the intention of the human driver of road motor vehicles to apply emergency braking solely by analyzing the dynamics of lifting the accelerator pedal. Focusing on building the system that reliably classifies the emergency braking situations, we employed evolutionary algorithms (EA) to coevolve both (i) the set of features that optimally characterize the movement of accelerator pedal and (ii) the values of the hyperparameters of the classifier. The experimental results demonstrate the superiority of the coevolutionary approach over the analogical approaches that rely on an a priori defined set of features and values of hyperparameters. By using simultaneous evolution of both features and hyperparameters, the learned classifier inferred the emergency braking situations in previously unforeseen dynamics of the accelerator pedal with an accuracy of about 95%. We consider the obtained results as a step towards the development of a brake-assisting system, which would perceive the dynamics of the accelerator pedal in a real-time and in case of a foreseen emergency braking situation, would apply the brakes automatically well before the human driver would have been able to apply them. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Braking Control Systems)
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Article
Mathematical Simulations and Analyses of Proportional Electro-Hydraulic Brakes and Anti-Lock Braking Systems in Motorcycles
Actuators 2018, 7(3), 34; https://doi.org/10.3390/act7030034 - 30 Jun 2018
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 4311
Abstract
In the motorcycle industry, the safety of motorcycles operating at high speeds has received increasing attention. If a motorcycle is equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), it can automatically adjust the size of the brake force to prevent the wheels from locking [...] Read more.
In the motorcycle industry, the safety of motorcycles operating at high speeds has received increasing attention. If a motorcycle is equipped with an anti-lock braking system (ABS), it can automatically adjust the size of the brake force to prevent the wheels from locking and achieve an optimal braking effect, ensuring operation stability. In an ABS, the brake force is controlled by an electro-hydraulic brake (EHB). The control valve inside the EHB was replaced with a proportional valve in this study, which differed from the general use of a solenoid valve. The purpose for this change was to precisely control the brake force and prevent hydraulic pressure oscillating in the piping. This study employed MATLAB/Simulink and block diagrams to establish a complete motorcycle ABS simulation model, including a proportional electro-hydraulic brake (PEHB), motorcycle motion, tire, and controller models. In an analysis of ABS simulation results, when traveling on different road surfaces, the PEHB could effectively reduce braking distance and solve the problem of hydraulic pressure oscillation during braking. The research demonstrated that this proportional pressure control valve can substitute the general solenoid valve in commercial braking systems. This can assist the ABS in achieving more precise slip control and improved motorcycle safety. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Novel Braking Control Systems)
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