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Magnetochemistry, Volume 8, Issue 2 (February 2022) – 15 articles

Cover Story (view full-size image): The distribution of magnetic particles in nanofibers exerts an influence on the final properties of nanofiber mats. For example, beads of magnetic particles in the fiber matrix are important for data storage and neuromorphic computing, and regular magnetic nanofiber mats are suitable for energy storage applications. A simple method for the production of magnetic nanofiber mats through the addition of magnetic nanoparticles in an electrospinning polymer solution was used in this study. Magnetic nanofibers were prepared using the needle-free electrospinning technique from poly(acrylonitrile) (PAN) in the solvent dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) and 20 wt% Fe3O4 at different parameter conditions, such as PAN concentration, voltage, and ultrasonic treatment, which have an effect on magnetic particle distribution and fiber diameter distribution on the resulting nanofiber mats. View this paper
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Article
Theory of Antiferromagnet-Based Detector of Terahertz Frequency Signals
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 26; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020026 - 12 Feb 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 1112
Abstract
We present a theory of a detector of terahertz-frequency signals based on an antiferromagnetic (AFM) crystal. The conversion of a THz-frequency electromagnetic signal into the DC voltage is realized using the inverse spin Hall effect in an antiferromagnet/heavy metal bilayer. An additional bias [...] Read more.
We present a theory of a detector of terahertz-frequency signals based on an antiferromagnetic (AFM) crystal. The conversion of a THz-frequency electromagnetic signal into the DC voltage is realized using the inverse spin Hall effect in an antiferromagnet/heavy metal bilayer. An additional bias DC magnetic field can be used to tune the antiferromagnetic resonance frequency. We show that if a uniaxial AFM is used, the detection of linearly polarized signals is possible only for a non-zero DC magnetic field, while circularly polarized signals can be detected in a zero DC magnetic field. In contrast, a detector based on a biaxial AFM can be used without a bias DC magnetic field for the rectification of both linearly and circularly polarized signals. The sensitivity of a proposed AFM detector can be increased by increasing the magnitude of the bias magnetic field, or by by decreasing the thickness of the AFM layer. We believe that the presented results will be useful for the practical development of tunable, sensitive and portable spintronic detectors of THz-frequency signals based of the antiferromagnetic resonance (AFMR). Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advances in Antiferromagnetic Spintronics)
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Article
Investigation of the Morphological Structure of Needle-Free Electrospun Magnetic Nanofiber Mats
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 25; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020025 - 08 Feb 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1004
Abstract
Electrospun magnetic nanofibers are promising for a variety of applications in biomedicine, energy storage, filtration or spintronics. The surface morphology of nanofiber mats plays an important role for defined application areas. In addition, the distribution of magnetic particles in nanofibers exerts an influence [...] Read more.
Electrospun magnetic nanofibers are promising for a variety of applications in biomedicine, energy storage, filtration or spintronics. The surface morphology of nanofiber mats plays an important role for defined application areas. In addition, the distribution of magnetic particles in nanofibers exerts an influence on the final properties of nanofiber mats. A simple method for the production of magnetic nanofiber mats by the addition of magnetic nanoparticles in an electrospinning polymer solution was used in this study. In this work, magnetic nanofibers (MNFs) were prepared by needle-free electrospinning technique from poly(acrylonitrile) (PAN) in the low-toxic solvent dimethy lsulfoxide (DMSO) and 20 wt% Fe3O4 at different parameter conditions such as PAN concentration, voltage and ultrasonic bath. The distribution of nanoparticles in the fiber matrix was investigated as well as the chemical and morphological properties of the resulting magnetic nanofibers. In addition, the surface morphology of magnetic nanofiber mats was studied by confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), Fourier transform infrared microscope (FTIR) and ImageJ software, and distribution of Fe3O4 particles in the matrix was investigated by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX). Full article
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Article
Cooperative Spin Transitions Triggered by Phonons in Metal Complexes Coupled to Molecular Vibrations
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 24; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020024 - 08 Feb 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 798
Abstract
The present article is a short overview of the theoretical modeling of spin transitions in polymetallic compounds. As distinguished from many insightful reviews on this topic, the present work is focused on the nature of cooperative interaction of the metal clusters in molecular [...] Read more.
The present article is a short overview of the theoretical modeling of spin transitions in polymetallic compounds. As distinguished from many insightful reviews on this topic, the present work is focused on the nature of cooperative interaction of the metal clusters in molecular crystals with emphasis at the physical role of molecular vibrations and phonons. The underlying model assumes that the cooperativity is triggered by phonons while the metal centers are coupled to molecular vibrations. It is demonstrated that the suggested model gives a satisfactory description of the observed spin transitions in mono-, bi- and tetranuclear compounds. In the framework of the described approach, we discuss the experimental data on spin crossover in the mononuclear [Fe(ptz)6](BF4)2, binuclear [{Fe(bt)(NCS)2}2bpym] and tetranuclear [Fe(tpa){N(CN)2}]4·(BF4)4·(H2O)2 compounds containing iron ions. The approach is also applied to the description of the charge-transfer-induced spin transition in the [{(Tp)Fe(CN)3}{Co-(PY5Me2)}](CF3SO3) complex. Full article
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Article
Magnetic Enrichment of SARS-CoV-2 Antigen-Binding B Cells for Analysis of Transcriptome and Antibody Repertoire
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020023 - 05 Feb 2022
Viewed by 1029
Abstract
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has had devastating health impacts across the globe. The development of effective diagnostics and therapeutics will depend on the understanding of immune responses to natural infection and vaccination to the causative agent of COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus [...] Read more.
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has had devastating health impacts across the globe. The development of effective diagnostics and therapeutics will depend on the understanding of immune responses to natural infection and vaccination to the causative agent of COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). While both B-cell immunity and T-cell immunity are generated in SARS-CoV-2-infected and vaccinated individuals, B-cell-secreted antibodies are known to neutralize SARS-CoV-2 virus and protect from the disease. Although interest in characterizing SARS-CoV-2-reactive B cells is great, the low frequency of antigen-binding B cells in human blood limits in-depth cellular profiling. To overcome this obstacle, we developed a magnetic bead-based approach to enrich SARS-CoV-2-reactive B cells prior to transcriptional and antibody repertoire analysis by single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq). Here, we describe isolation of SARS-CoV-2 antigen-binding B cells from two seropositive donors and comparison to nonspecific B cells from a seronegative donor. We demonstrate that SARS-CoV-2 antigen-binding B cells can be distinguished on the basis of transcriptional profile and antibody repertoire. Furthermore, SARS-CoV-2 antigen-binding B cells exhibit a gene expression pattern indicative of antigen experience and memory status. Combining scRNA-seq methods with magnetic enrichment enables the rapid characterization of SARS-CoV-2 antigen-binding B cells. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Cell Separation)
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Article
Structural and Optical Characterization of Silica Nanospheres Embedded with Monodisperse CeO2-Eu3+ Nanocrystals
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 22; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020022 - 04 Feb 2022
Viewed by 905
Abstract
Luminescent nanocrystals embedded into silica microspheres were shown to be useful for silica labeling for biological applications, ensuring mechanical and chemical stability, nontoxicity, biocompatibility and optical properties. We used sol–gel technology to prepare silica nanospheres embedded with fluorescent and magnetic Eu3+(1 [...] Read more.
Luminescent nanocrystals embedded into silica microspheres were shown to be useful for silica labeling for biological applications, ensuring mechanical and chemical stability, nontoxicity, biocompatibility and optical properties. We used sol–gel technology to prepare silica nanospheres embedded with fluorescent and magnetic Eu3+(1 mol%)-doped CeO2 nanocrystals. The X-ray diffraction pattern analysis and transmission electron microscopy investigations showed CeO2:Eu3+(1 mol%) nanocrystals of about 9 nm size and Ce3+ ions substitution by the Eu3+ ions; the nanocrystals dispersed inside the nanosized silica spheres of about 400 nm diameters. The photoluminescence spectra recorded under UV-light excitation showed Eu3+ ions luminescence peaks (5D0-7FJ, J = 0–4) accompanied by a weaker 425 nm luminescence due to the silica matrix; the quantum yield was 0.14. The weak hysteresis loop and magnetization curves recorded up to 20,000 Oe showed dominantly paramagnetic behavior associated with the silica matrix; a slight opening of the hysteresis loop to a very small magnetic field (about 0.005 Oe) was due to the presence of the two rare earth ions. The photonic crystal properties of SiO2-CeO2:Eu3+(1 mol%) silica nanospheres deposited as films on quartz plates were revealed by the two weak attenuation peaks at 420 and 500 nm and were associated with the reflection from different planes. The SiO2-CeO2:Eu3+(1 mol%) nanospheres are attractive potential candidates for photonics-related applications or for multifunctional bio-labels by combining the luminescence and magnetic properties of the nanocrystals. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Materials and Their Electronic and Thermokinetic Properties)
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Article
Cell Behavioral Changes after the Application of Magneto-Mechanical Activation to Normal and Cancer Cells
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 21; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020021 - 01 Feb 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1049
Abstract
In vitro cell exposure to nanoparticles, depending on the applied concentration, can help in the development of theranostic tools to better detect and treat human diseases. Recent studies have attempted to understand and exploit the impact of magnetic field-actuated internalized magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) [...] Read more.
In vitro cell exposure to nanoparticles, depending on the applied concentration, can help in the development of theranostic tools to better detect and treat human diseases. Recent studies have attempted to understand and exploit the impact of magnetic field-actuated internalized magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) on the behavior of cancer cells. In this work, the viability rate of MNP’s-manipulated cancerous (MCF-7, MDA-MB-231) and non-cancerous (MCF-10A) cells was investigated in three different types of low-frequency magnetic fields: static, pulsed, and rotating field mode. In the non-cancerous cell line, the cell viability decreased mostly in cells with internalized MNPs and those treated with the pulsed field mode. In both cancer cell lines, the pulsed field mode was again the optimum magnetic field, which together with internalized MNPs caused a large decrease in cells’ viability (50–55% and 70% in MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231, respectively) while the static and rotating field modes maintained the viability at high levels. Finally, F-actin staining was used to observe the changes in the cytoskeleton and DAPI staining was performed to reveal the apoptotic alterations in cells’ nuclei before and after magneto-mechanical activation. Subsequently, reduced cell viability led to a loss of actin stress fibers and apoptotic nuclear changes in cancer cells subjected to MNPs triggered by a pulsed magnetic field. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomedical Application of Magnetic Nanoparticles in 2022)
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Review
Influence of Chemical Substitution and Light Element Insertion on the Magnetic Properties of Nanocrystalline Pr2Co7 Compound
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 20; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020020 - 27 Jan 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 909
Abstract
It is well recognized that intermetallics based on rare-earth (R) and transition metals (T) display numerous interesting magnetic properties, leading to potential applications in different fields. The latest progress regarding magnetic properties and the magnetocaloric effect (MCE) in the nanostructured Pr2Co [...] Read more.
It is well recognized that intermetallics based on rare-earth (R) and transition metals (T) display numerous interesting magnetic properties, leading to potential applications in different fields. The latest progress regarding magnetic properties and the magnetocaloric effect (MCE) in the nanostructured Pr2Co7 compound, as well as its carbides and hydrides, is reviewed in this paper. Some of this progress reveals remarkable MCE performance, which makes it attractive in the field of magnetic refrigeration at high temperatures. With the purpose of understanding the magnetic and magnetocaloric characteristics of these compounds, the crystal structure, microstructure, and magnetism are also brought into focus. The Pr2Co7 compound has interesting magnetic properties, such as a high Curie temperature TC and uniaxial magnetocrystalline anisotropy. It crystallizes in a hexagonal structure (2:7 H) of the Ce2Ni7 type and is stable at relatively low temperatures (Ta ≤ 1023 K), or it has a rhombohedral structure (2:7 R) of the Gd2Co7 type and is stable at high temperatures (Ta ≥ 1223 K). Studies of the magnetocaloric properties of the nanocrystalline Pr2Co7 compound have shown the existence of a large reversible magnetic entropy change (ΔSM) with a second-order magnetic transition. After its substitution, we showed that nanocrystalline Pr2Co7xFex compounds that were annealed at Ta = 973 K crystallized in the 2:7 H structure similarly to the parent compound. The extended X-ray absorption fine-structure (EXAFS) spectra adjustments showed that Fe atoms preferably occupy the 12k site for x ≤ 1. The study of the magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Pr2Co7xFex compounds revealed an increase in TC of about 26% for x = 0.5, as well as an improvement in the coercivity, Hc (12 kOe), and the (BH)max (9 MGOe) product. On the other hand, the insertion of C atoms into the Pr2Co7 cell led to a marked improvement in the TC value of 21.6%. The best magnetic properties were found for the Pr2Co7C0.25 compound annealed at 973 K, Hc = 10.3 kOe, and (BH)max = 11.5 MGOe. We studied the microstructure, hydrogenation, and magnetic properties of nanocrystalline Pr2Co7Hx hydrides. The crystal structure of the Pr2Co7 compound transformed from a hexagonal (P63/mmc) into an orthorhombic (Pbcn) and monoclinic (C2/c) structure during hydrogenation. The absorption of H by the Pr2Co7 compound led to an increase in the TC value from 600 K at x = 0 to 691 K at x = 3.75. The Pr2Co7H0.25 hydride had optimal magnetic properties: Hc = 6.1 KOe, (BH)max = 5.8 MGOe, and TC = 607 K. We tailored the mean field theory (MFT) and random magnetic anisotropy (RMA) methods to investigate the magnetic moments, exchange interactions, and magnetic anisotropy properties. The relationship between the microstructure and magnetic properties is discussed. The obtained results provide a fundamental reference for adapting the magnetic properties of the Pr2Co7, Pr2Co6.5Fe0.5, Pr2Co7C0.25, and Pr2Co7H0.25 compounds for potential permanent nanomagnets, high-density magnetic recording, and magnetic refrigeration applications. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Properties of Nanomaterials)
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Review
Probing Small-Angle Molecular Motions with EPR Spectroscopy: Dynamical Transition and Molecular Packing in Disordered Solids
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020019 - 27 Jan 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 849
Abstract
Disordered molecular solids present a rather broad class of substances of different origin—amorphous polymers, materials for photonics and optoelectronics, amorphous pharmaceutics, simple molecular glass formers, and others. Frozen biological media in many respects also may be referred to this class. Theoretical description of [...] Read more.
Disordered molecular solids present a rather broad class of substances of different origin—amorphous polymers, materials for photonics and optoelectronics, amorphous pharmaceutics, simple molecular glass formers, and others. Frozen biological media in many respects also may be referred to this class. Theoretical description of dynamics and structure of disordered solids still does not exist, and only some phenomenological models can be developed to explain results of particular experiments. Among different experimental approaches, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) applied to spin probes and labels also can deliver useful information. EPR allows probing small-angle orientational molecular motions (molecular librations), which intrinsically are inherent to all molecular solids. EPR is employed in its conventional continuous wave (CW) and pulsed—electron spin echo (ESE)—versions. CW EPR spectra are sensitive to dynamical librations of molecules while ESE probes stochastic molecular librations. In this review, different manifestations of small-angle motions in EPR of spin probes and labels are discussed. It is shown that CW-EPR-detected dynamical librations provide information on dynamical transition in these media, similar to that explored with neutron scattering, and ESE-detected stochastic librations allow elucidating some features of nanoscale molecular packing. The possible EPR applications are analyzed for gel-phase lipid bilayers, for biological membranes interacting with proteins, peptides and cryoprotectants, for supercooled ionic liquids (ILs) and supercooled deep eutectic solvents (DESs), for globular proteins and intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs), and for some other molecular solids. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue EPR Spectroscopy in Chemistry and Biology)
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Article
Neural Network Modeling of Arbitrary Hysteresis Processes: Application to GO Ferromagnetic Steel
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 18; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020018 - 27 Jan 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 852
Abstract
A computationally efficient hysteresis model, based on a standalone deep neural network, with the capability of reproducing the evolution of the magnetization under arbitrary excitations, is here presented and applied in the simulation of a commercial grain-oriented electrical steel sheet. The main novelty [...] Read more.
A computationally efficient hysteresis model, based on a standalone deep neural network, with the capability of reproducing the evolution of the magnetization under arbitrary excitations, is here presented and applied in the simulation of a commercial grain-oriented electrical steel sheet. The main novelty of the proposed approach is to embed the past history dependence, typical of hysteretic materials, in the neural net, and to illustrate an optimized training procedure. Firstly, an experimental investigation was carried out on a sample of commercial GO steel by means of an Epstein equipment, in agreement with the international standard. Then, the traditional Preisach model, identified only using three measured symmetric hysteresis loops, was exploited to generate the training set. Once the network was trained, it was validated with the reproduction of the other measured hysteresis loops and further hysteresis processes obtained by the Preisach simulations. The model implementation at a low level of abstraction shows a very high computational speed and minimal memory allocation, allowing a possible coupling with finite-element analysis (FEA). Full article
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Editorial
Acknowledgment to Reviewers of Magnetochemistry in 2021
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 17; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020017 - 27 Jan 2022
Viewed by 637
Abstract
Rigorous peer-reviews are the basis of high-quality academic publishing [...] Full article
Article
Tuning the Spin-Crossover Behaviour in Fe(II) Polymeric Composites for Food Packaging Applications
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 16; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020016 - 25 Jan 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1009
Abstract
Although the spin-crossover (SCO) phenomenon is well documented, tuning the SCO behaviour remains a challenging task. This could be mainly attributed to the ‘delicate’ nature of the phenomenon; cooperativity expressed through differences in particle size and morphologies, and electrostatic interactions could significantly affect [...] Read more.
Although the spin-crossover (SCO) phenomenon is well documented, tuning the SCO behaviour remains a challenging task. This could be mainly attributed to the ‘delicate’ nature of the phenomenon; cooperativity expressed through differences in particle size and morphologies, and electrostatic interactions could significantly affect the process. The goal of the present effort is dual bearing both scientific and technological interest. Firstly, to examine the technological potential of SCO complexes by incorporating them into polymers, and secondly—and most importantly—to investigate if polymer-SCO complex interactions could occur and could affect the SCO behaviour, depending on the structural properties of both the polymer matrix and the SCO complex. In this context, two different polymers, polylactic acid (PLA) and polysulphone (PSF), which are capable of developing different interactions with the inclusions, and the SCO complexes [Fe(abpt)2{N(CN)2}2] and [Fe(abpt)2(SCN)2] were examined; abpt is the N,N’-bidentate chelating ligand 4-amino-3,5-bis(pyridin-2-yl)-1,2,4-triazole. The composites were characterised through scanning electron microscopy (SEM), attenuated total reflectance infrared (ATR/FTIR), and Raman spectroscopy. In addition, the potential migration release of the SCO compounds from the polymeric matrices and their toxicity evaluation were also studied. In addition, the potential migration release of the SCO compounds from the polymeric matrices was evaluated, and their insignificant toxicity was also verified. Temperature-dependent Raman spectra were collected in situ for the monitoring of the SCO behaviour after the incorporation of the Fe(II) complexes into the polymers; an upshift of the T1/2 transition and a hysteretic behaviour was detected for PSF-SCO composites, compared with the non-hysteretic behaviour of the pristine SCO complexes. Full article
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Article
Modeling of the Particle Build-Up Evolution on a Single-Wire Magnetic Capture from Axial Stream Flow
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 15; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020015 - 24 Jan 2022
Viewed by 772
Abstract
The kinetic equation of the accumulation of magnetic particles from axial flow on a magnetized ferromagnetic wire in an external homogeneous magnetic field has been developed in this study. A new differential equation of the evolution of the accumulation radius over time, which [...] Read more.
The kinetic equation of the accumulation of magnetic particles from axial flow on a magnetized ferromagnetic wire in an external homogeneous magnetic field has been developed in this study. A new differential equation of the evolution of the accumulation radius over time, which considers both the capture and the detachment of the particles in the accumulation profile on the wire, has been formulated. The evolution of the radius of the accumulation profile over time was obtained from both the differential kinetic equation based on population theory and from the stochastic Fokker–Planck equation. In the limit approach (t), it was observed that the expressions of the saturation radius of the accumulation radius on the magnetized wire of the particles obtained from both models were the same. It is emphasized that the obtained results are valid for both the initial and steady-state build-up of the particle capture process. These results were compared with the experimental results from the literature, and it was observed that the theoretical and experimental results were in good agreement. The effects of both capture and detachment events on the accumulation of particles on the magnetized wire were evaluated. Full article
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Article
Investigation of a Tetrathiafulvalene-Based Fe2+ Thermal Spin Crossover Assembled on Gold Surface
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 14; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020014 - 21 Jan 2022
Viewed by 1182
Abstract
A thick film and a monolayer of tetrathiafulvalene-based Fe2+ spin-crossover complex have been deposited by solution on a Au (111) substrate, attempting both self-assembling monolayer protocol and a simpler drop-casting procedure. The thermally induced spin transition has been investigated using X-ray photoelectron [...] Read more.
A thick film and a monolayer of tetrathiafulvalene-based Fe2+ spin-crossover complex have been deposited by solution on a Au (111) substrate, attempting both self-assembling monolayer protocol and a simpler drop-casting procedure. The thermally induced spin transition has been investigated using X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). Temperature-dependent investigations demonstrated the retention of the switching behavior between the two spin states in thick molecular films obtained by drop-casting, while in the monolayer sample, the loss of the spin-crossover properties appears as a possible consequence of the strong interaction between the sulfur atoms of the ligand and the gold substrate. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Spin Crossover Materials: Towards Applications in Devices)
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Review
Serum Albumin for Magnetic Nanoparticles Coating
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 13; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020013 - 20 Jan 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 1395
Abstract
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have great potential in biochemistry and medical science. In particular, iron oxide nanoparticles have demonstrated a promising effect in various biomedical applications due to their high magnetic properties, large surface area, stability, and easy functionalization. However, colloidal stability, biocompatibility, and [...] Read more.
Magnetic nanoparticles (MNPs) have great potential in biochemistry and medical science. In particular, iron oxide nanoparticles have demonstrated a promising effect in various biomedical applications due to their high magnetic properties, large surface area, stability, and easy functionalization. However, colloidal stability, biocompatibility, and potential toxicity of MNPs in physiological environments are crucial for their in vivo application. In this context, many research articles focused on the possible procedures for MNPs coating to improve their physic-chemical and biological properties. This review highlights one viable fabrication strategy of biocompatible iron oxide nanoparticles using human serum albumin (HSA). HSA is mainly a transport protein with many functions in various fundamental processes. As it is one of the most abundant plasma proteins, not a single drug in the blood passes without its strength test. It influences the stability, pharmacokinetics, and biodistribution of different drug-delivery systems by binding or forming its protein corona on the surface. The development of albumin-based drug carriers is gaining increasing importance in the targeted delivery of cancer therapy. Considering this, HSA is a highly potential candidate for nanoparticles coating and theranostics area and can provide biocompatibility, prolonged blood circulation, and possibly resolve the drug-resistance cancer problem. Full article
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Article
Soft Chemistry Synthesis and Characterization of CoFe1.8RE0.2O4 (RE3+ = Tb3+, Er3+) Ferrite
Magnetochemistry 2022, 8(2), 12; https://doi.org/10.3390/magnetochemistry8020012 - 19 Jan 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 959
Abstract
Nanosized CoFe1.8RE0.2O4 (RE3+ = Tb3+, Er3+) ferrites were obtained through wet ferritization method. These ferrites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM/HR-TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy [...] Read more.
Nanosized CoFe1.8RE0.2O4 (RE3+ = Tb3+, Er3+) ferrites were obtained through wet ferritization method. These ferrites were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM/HR-TEM), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetic measurements. The XRD results revealed that the average crystallite size is 5.77 nm for CoFe1.8Tb0.2O4 and 6.42 nm for CoFe1.8Er0.2O4. Distribution of metal cations in the spinel structure estimated from X-ray diffraction data showed that the Tb3+ and Er3+ ions occupy the octahedral sites. TEM images indicated the presence of polyhedral particles with average size 5.91 nm for CoFe1.8Tb0.2O4 and 6.80 nm for CoFe1.8Er0.2O4. Room temperature Mössbauer spectra exhibit typical nanoscaled cobalt ferrite spectra in good agreement with XRD and TEM data. The saturation magnetization value (Ms) is 60 emu/g for CoFe1.8Tb0.2O4 and 80 emu/g for CoFe1.8Er0.2O4. CoFe1.8RE0.2O4 nanoparticles showed similar antimicrobial efficacy against the five tested microbial strains, both in planktonic and biofilm state. The results highlight the promising potential of these types of nanoparticles for the development of novel anti-biofilm agents and materials. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Materials and Their Electronic and Thermokinetic Properties)
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