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High Constitutive Overexpression of Glycosyl Hydrolase Family 17 Delays Floral Transition by Enhancing FLC Expression in Transgenic Arabidopsis

Laboratory of Fruit Genetic Engineering, The Institute of Enology and Viticulture, University of Yamanashi, Yamanashi 400-0005, Japan
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Plants 2017, 6(3), 31; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants6030031
Received: 29 June 2017 / Revised: 16 July 2017 / Accepted: 24 July 2017 / Published: 25 July 2017
Vitis vinifera glycosyl hydrolase family 17 (VvGHF17) is a grape apoplasmic β-1,3-glucanase, which belongs to glycosyl hydrolase family 17 in grapevines. β-1,3-glucanase is not only involved in plant defense response but also has various physiological functions in plants. Although VvGHF17 expression is negatively related to the length of inflorescence in grapevines, the physiological functions of VvGHF17 are still uncertain. To clarify the physiological functions of VvGHF17, we conducted a phenotypic analysis of VvGHF17-overexpressing Arabidopsis plants. VvGHF17-overexpressing Arabidopsis plants showed short inflorescence, similar to grapevines. These results suggested that VvGHF17 might negatively regulate the length of inflorescence in plants. VvGHF17 expression induced a delay of floral transition in Arabidopsis plants. The expression level of FLOWERING LOCUS C (FLC), known as a floral repressor gene, in inflorescence meristem of transgenic plants were increased by approximately 10-fold as compared with wild plants. These results suggest that VvGHF17 induces a delay of floral transition by enhancing FLC expression and concomitantly decreases the length of plant inflorescence. View Full-Text
Keywords: grapevine; β-1,3-glucanase; inflorescence; VvGHF17; floral transition; FLC; Arabidopsis grapevine; β-1,3-glucanase; inflorescence; VvGHF17; floral transition; FLC; Arabidopsis
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Enoki, S.; Fujimori, N.; Yamaguchi, C.; Hattori, T.; Suzuki, S. High Constitutive Overexpression of Glycosyl Hydrolase Family 17 Delays Floral Transition by Enhancing FLC Expression in Transgenic Arabidopsis. Plants 2017, 6, 31.

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