Electronics, Volume 7, Issue 8 (August 2018) – 28 articles
Cover Story (view full-size image): By using multilevel inductors area minimization is accomplished. In the multilevel structure, the coil is expanded vertically, while in the single level structure, the inductor is implemented using a single metal layer. The top layer is used to enhance the quality factor of the coil, since the lower metal layers are thinner. This means that for a given inductance, the single-level structure shows a much larger area compared to a multilevel one. Using the thinner lower metal layers causes an increase of both the substrate capacitance and metal resistance, this is compensated by the lower substrate losses due to their reduced area. View this paper
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