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Resources, Volume 11, Issue 12 (December 2022) – 17 articles

Cover Story (view full-size image): A methodology for comprehensive assessment of resource efficiency of gas industry companies has been developed. At the first stage, an information base was formed to analyze and predict the resource efficiency of companies. With the help of a software and tool environment, the level of rational consumption of companies' resources and balanced provision was determined. At the second stage, a comparative integrated assessment of the production, economic, environmental, energy, investment, financial, and innovation spheres of activity was carried out, taking into account the specifics of the gas industry. At the third stage, a multivariate analysis of promising business processes was carried out, and a resource-efficient option for the development of oil and gas companies was selected. View this paper
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Article
Water Resources Depletion and Its Consequences on Agricultural Activities in Najran Valley
Resources 2022, 11(12), 122; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120122 - 15 Dec 2022
Viewed by 677
Abstract
This study focuses on highlighting the major effects on the agricultural activities caused by the reduction in water resources in Najran, Saudi Arabia. Since the last decade, there has been a sharp decrease in the availability of water in the area as reported [...] Read more.
This study focuses on highlighting the major effects on the agricultural activities caused by the reduction in water resources in Najran, Saudi Arabia. Since the last decade, there has been a sharp decrease in the availability of water in the area as reported by many researchers due to urban sprawl, excessive groundwater extraction causing a decrease in land fertility, and destruction of soil structure. The water resources of the area and the agricultural heritage is endangered, and also the environmental, economic, and social impact of these actions can be severe if such activities continue in the future. The purpose of the study is to obtain detailed information regarding the major causes of water depletion in the Najran Valley as per the opinion of the residents. A survey questionnaire was designed with a high level of flexibility, covering the key issues including causes of groundwater depletion, factors that affected agricultural activities and irrigation practices and the environmental impact of the Najran Dam, and the risks of floods related to it. An overwhelming response was received from the people of the area. Significant results were obtained from the analysis, and the major effects and causes were highlighted as conclusions. The study shall help the city planners and policymakers in identifying the major causes of water depletion and the actual needs of the residents in order to manage the water resources of the area efficiently. Understanding the public opinion on the issues discussed in this study shall provide a base to develop management options for water resources problems suited to local contexts that fits the need of the community. Full article
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Article
Magnetic Separation and Enrichment of Fe–Ti Oxides from Iron Titaniferous Beach Sands: Process Design Applied to Coastal Ecuador
Resources 2022, 11(12), 121; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120121 - 14 Dec 2022
Viewed by 536
Abstract
Iron titaniferous sands, also called black sands, are a source of various magnetic minerals, such as iron and titanium (Fe–Ti) oxides, with countless scientific and industrial applications. Ecuador is deemed a geo-diverse country that contains deposits of black sands in the Andean and [...] Read more.
Iron titaniferous sands, also called black sands, are a source of various magnetic minerals, such as iron and titanium (Fe–Ti) oxides, with countless scientific and industrial applications. Ecuador is deemed a geo-diverse country that contains deposits of black sands in the Andean and coastal regions; therefore, the industrialization of these magnetic sands might be of high interest. This study presents a preliminary industrial design for the magnetic separation process of Fe–Ti oxides from iron titaniferous Ecuadorian beach sands. Four stages are considered for the process, involving collecting, drying, screening, and magnetic separation. This proposal returns the large particles (>150 μm) and the non-magnetic fraction to the original place, generating a minimum environmental impact with the support of natural marine and coastal processes. The process design criteria are based on engineering guidelines, sampling, and characterization of eleven black sand samples. Using conventional techniques, the water content, granulometric distribution, particle size, and semi-quantitative Fe–Ti oxide concentration were determined for the different sand samples. It is estimated that Fe–Ti oxide production may reach 5.835 metric tons per day (5.835 mtpd) with a magnetic content of 97.50%, starting from 100 mtpd of black sands. Based on an economic analysis (Class V), a net profit of USD 835,875.63 is expected during the first year of production. Thus, the magnetic separation and enrichment of Fe–Ti oxides from iron titaniferous coastal sands exploitation should allow the commercial valorization of these resources in an eco-friendly way, i.e., with economic benefits and minimization of environmental impact in the source area. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Minerals and Land-Use Planning: Sustainable Narratives and Practices)
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Article
Strategic Slum Upgrading and Redevelopment Action Plan for Jammu City
Resources 2022, 11(12), 120; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120120 - 12 Dec 2022
Viewed by 712
Abstract
Rapid urbanization has led to the emergence of slums in many developing and industrialized nations. It degrades the quality of life and burdens the urban amenities resulting in uneven distribution of slums. The majority of people in the developing world live in squatter [...] Read more.
Rapid urbanization has led to the emergence of slums in many developing and industrialized nations. It degrades the quality of life and burdens the urban amenities resulting in uneven distribution of slums. The majority of people in the developing world live in squatter settlements and these random gatherings disrupt the economic and social developmental plans of the concerned country. No suitable planning framework has been created for replicability on a considerable scale, despite the fact that slum upgrading is acquiring worldwide importance as a political issue. In recent years Jammu City has witnessed high population growth rates resulting in an uneven provision of urban amenities and a surge in slum areas. This paper focuses on a method-based approach using Management Information System (MIS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) for upgrading slums and recommends a planning outline using the approach formulated by the Government of India under the scheme named “Rajiv Awas Yojna” (RAY). The aim of this study is to assess the status of slums, propose redevelopment plans, and highlight the roles of different planning agencies to accomplish the redevelopment goals. The study concludes by postulating several recommendations for upgrading slums and formulating a framework that can be used in other similar areas for development. Full article
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Article
Column Adsorption Studies for the Removal of Ammonium Using Na-Zeolite-Based Geopolymers
Resources 2022, 11(12), 119; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120119 - 11 Dec 2022
Viewed by 510
Abstract
The aim of this study was to examine the removal of ammonium ions from a synthetic model solution by using Na-zeolite-based geopolymers. Na-zeolite (=analcime) is a residue from mining industry. Three adsorbents were prepared from Na-zeolite using different production steps and metakaolin as [...] Read more.
The aim of this study was to examine the removal of ammonium ions from a synthetic model solution by using Na-zeolite-based geopolymers. Na-zeolite (=analcime) is a residue from mining industry. Three adsorbents were prepared from Na-zeolite using different production steps and metakaolin as a blending agent. These novel adsorbents were investigated in a fixed-bed column system where the effects of different flow rates with the initial ammonium concentration of 40 mg/L were studied. The Thomas, Bohart–Adams and Yoon–Nelson breakthrough curve models fitted well with the experimental data with a high R2 value. After adsorption experiments, adsorbents were regenerated using a mixture of 0.2 M NaCl and 0.1 M NaOH as a regeneration agent; after that, adsorbents were reutilised for ammonium ion adsorption for three adsorption–regeneration cycles. The results of the experiment indicate that all the prepared analcime-based geopolymers are suitable adsorbents for the removal of ammonium ions and that capacity remains nearly constant for two of them during two adsorption–regeneration cycles. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Women's Special Issue Series: Sustainable Resource Management)
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Opinion
Global Wheat Production and Threats to Supply Chains in a Volatile Climate Change and Energy Crisis
Resources 2022, 11(12), 118; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120118 - 09 Dec 2022
Viewed by 676
Abstract
As climate change and energy crises increase, NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) fertilizer supply chains become more volatile. Globally, the Russian attack on Ukraine has caused the cost of gas to rise and fertilizer supplies to decline. This aggression may worsen the energy [...] Read more.
As climate change and energy crises increase, NPK (nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium) fertilizer supply chains become more volatile. Globally, the Russian attack on Ukraine has caused the cost of gas to rise and fertilizer supplies to decline. This aggression may worsen the energy and wheat resource crisis in global supply chains. As a result of the escalation of hostilities, natural gas, oil, and coal prices have rapidly increased. In the years preceding the conflict, the agricultural sector had already begun to suffer, caused by unprecedented increases in the prices of natural gas and raw materials for the production of fertilizers stemming from Russian manipulation, especially in the gas market. Prior to the growing season, farmers were still unable to afford fertilizer prices. This situation will be exacerbated by the war. We can conclude from our results that European countries and the United States have high wheat production potential. Developed countries have significant nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium fertilizer resources. Ukraine has a large yield gap, ranging between 4.5 and 7 Mg/ha. Wheat supply crises can be caused by tense geopolitical affairs, including military aggression and economic embargoes. Based on this, we recommend that decision-makers focus on crop quality to increase the country’s own production. Full article
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Article
Environmental Impact Assessment of a Solar Drying Unit for the Transformation of Food Waste into Animal Feed
Resources 2022, 11(12), 117; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120117 - 09 Dec 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 377
Abstract
Food waste valorization via its transformation into animal feed is a viable alternative for improving food security and the diversion of organic waste from landfills. The manuscript presents the environmental impact assessment of the construction and operation of a novel solar food waste [...] Read more.
Food waste valorization via its transformation into animal feed is a viable alternative for improving food security and the diversion of organic waste from landfills. The manuscript presents the environmental impact assessment of the construction and operation of a novel solar food waste drying unit on the island of Crete in Greece, which is treating food waste from hotels. Life cycle assessment is utilized for the impact assessment. The results indicate a total carbon footprint of approximately 217.5 kg CO2 eq. per ton of treated food waste. In conclusion, the operation phase is the major contributor to the environmental impacts, due to the utilization of electricity. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Waste Prevention: Reduction, Reuse and Recycling)
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Article
Tidal Rice Yield Assessment in Central Kalimantan, Indonesia, under Different Cultural Practices
Resources 2022, 11(12), 116; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120116 - 08 Dec 2022
Viewed by 468
Abstract
This research aimed to assess the performance of a technology package in relation to rice yield in a B-type tidal rice field in Central Kalimantan province (Indonesia). We selected four areas with different hydrological conditions, soil characteristics, and farmer management systems in Pulangpisau [...] Read more.
This research aimed to assess the performance of a technology package in relation to rice yield in a B-type tidal rice field in Central Kalimantan province (Indonesia). We selected four areas with different hydrological conditions, soil characteristics, and farmer management systems in Pulangpisau and Kapuas Regency. The introduced technology package covered water management, soil tillage, amelioration and fertilization, adaptive high-yielding varieties, and crop protection. The results showed that, on average, the rice yield of Terusan Karya was 5.52 t ha−1, followed by Belanti B (3.75 t ha−1), Belanti A (3.61 t ha−1), and Talio Hulu (3.27 t ha−1). Rice varieties that yielded more than 5 t ha−1 were Inpara 8 (6.28 t ha−1), Suppadi 89 (5.54 t ha−1), Inpara 3 (5.46 t ha−1), and Inpara 2 (5.36 t ha−1). The implementation of a site-specific technology package combined with intensive guidance for the farmer on its implementation is the key factor in increasing rice productivity in tidal rice farming. Full article
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Article
Proposal of a Quantitative Assessment Method for Viewpoint Geosites
Resources 2022, 11(12), 115; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120115 - 07 Dec 2022
Viewed by 456
Abstract
The evaluation of viewpoint geosites is a recent topic in geosciences, as most works deal with a more general analysis of places and areas, but this one deals with something more specific. Therefore, the general objective of this paper is to propose a [...] Read more.
The evaluation of viewpoint geosites is a recent topic in geosciences, as most works deal with a more general analysis of places and areas, but this one deals with something more specific. Therefore, the general objective of this paper is to propose a method for evaluating viewpoints, based on the assumption that it is necessary to use scientific and aesthetic values as core values in quantitative evaluation. The method used was built based on criteria from other authors, relating the issue of viewpoints to geodiversity, considering scientific and aesthetic values as central, but in addition to other values. With the application of this method at some viewpoints in Rio Grande do Norte, Brazil, it was possible to verify that from 12 sites, 9 were considered geomorphosites and only 3 geodiversity sites. Consequently, this method shows a significant response in highlighting the potential of a site, its geological composition, geomorphology, and landscape visualisation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geodiversity Assessment: What, Why and How?)
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Article
Development of a SEM-EDS-XRD Protocol for the Physicochemical and Automated Mineralogical Characterisation of Coal Dust Particles
Resources 2022, 11(12), 114; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120114 - 05 Dec 2022
Viewed by 396
Abstract
Exposure to coal dust from mining-related activities has historically been linked to several preventable but incurable respiratory diseases. Although the findings of numerous biological studies have determined that the physicochemical and mineralogical aspects of dust particles greatly influence both cytotoxic and proinflammatory pathways, [...] Read more.
Exposure to coal dust from mining-related activities has historically been linked to several preventable but incurable respiratory diseases. Although the findings of numerous biological studies have determined that the physicochemical and mineralogical aspects of dust particles greatly influence both cytotoxic and proinflammatory pathways, robust datasets which quantitatively define these characteristics of coal dust remain limited. This study aims to develop a robust characterisation routine applicable for real-world coal dust, using an auto-SEM-EDS system. In doing so, the study addresses both the validation of the particle mineralogical scans and the quantification of a range of coal particle characteristics relevant to respiratory harm. The findings presented demonstrate the application of auto-SEM-EDS-XRD systems to analyse and report on the physicochemical and mineralogical characteristics of thousands of dust-sized particles. Furthermore, by mineralogically mapping the particles, parameters such as liberation, mineral association and elemental distribution can be computed to understand the relationships between elements and minerals in the particles, which have yet to be quantified by other studies. Full article
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Article
Heavy Metal Accumulation in Sediments of Small Retention Reservoirs—Ecological Risk and the Impact of Humic Substances Distribution
Resources 2022, 11(12), 113; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120113 - 02 Dec 2022
Viewed by 480
Abstract
Anthropogenic pollutants that accumulate in bottom sediments may pose a serious threat to the aquatic environment and humans. The aim of the study was to determine the ecological risk related to the contamination of sediment with heavy metals and the relationship between the [...] Read more.
Anthropogenic pollutants that accumulate in bottom sediments may pose a serious threat to the aquatic environment and humans. The aim of the study was to determine the ecological risk related to the contamination of sediment with heavy metals and the relationship between the accumulation of heavy metals and various granulometric fractions and humic substances in the bottom sediments of small retention reservoirs located in catchments of varying anthropopressure. The research objects were five small dam reservoirs located in south-eastern Poland. The sediments of the reservoir exposed to the greatest anthropopressure from the catchment area posed a serious threat to aquatic organisms feeding at the bottom. The bottom sediments of the remaining reservoirs showed a low level of potential toxicity (or non-toxicity). The observed relationship between the enrichment of sediments with organic matter (OM) and the increased risk of their ecotoxic impact on aquatic organisms was determined by excessive exposure to heavy metal contamination. The sand content did not appear to have a clear effect on the metal accumulation, although it was associated with enrichment in OM. Due to diverse environmental conditions, it was not possible to unequivocally confirm that the accumulation of heavy metals in the sediments of small retention reservoirs directly depends on the content of organic matter and humic substances, but such relationships were observed in most of the objects. Full article
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Article
Resource Conservation as the Main Factor in Increasing the Resource Efficiency of Russian Gas Companies
Resources 2022, 11(12), 112; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120112 - 02 Dec 2022
Viewed by 485
Abstract
The complex modern trends in the growth of the consumption of raw hydrocarbon materials around the world, and as a consequence their accelerated depletion, have forced oil and gas industry enterprises to identify progressive resource-saving methods and technologies. Such methods could enable the [...] Read more.
The complex modern trends in the growth of the consumption of raw hydrocarbon materials around the world, and as a consequence their accelerated depletion, have forced oil and gas industry enterprises to identify progressive resource-saving methods and technologies. Such methods could enable the environmental and technological effects of production processes to be achieved under conditions of sustainable economic development and with a policy of balanced consumption and resource provision. This research is devoted to the improvement of the scientific and methodological foundations and the development of predictive and analytical tools for assessing the efficiency of resource use in gas industry enterprises. With the application of the proposed instruments, we carry out simulation modeling of the efficiency of natural gas production, processing and pipeline transportation companies. In the course of a comparative analysis of the efficiency indicators for Russian gas companies, a resource-efficient variant of their development is selected and the most promising business projects are identified. Three branch companies of the Russian gas industry are accepted as the objects of the research in this study. As a result of the conducted approbation process, it is revealed that the existing practice of assessing consumption and resource provision in companies in the industry, as well as the use of methods and approaches to resource conservation, does not have a single and complex character. The methodology proposed by the authors makes it possible to approach industry companies with the same set of indicators, systematize and calculate them, identify existing unused reserves for resource conservation and identify promising resource-efficient projects. Full article
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Article
Forecasting Monthly River Flows in Ukraine under Different Climatic Conditions
Resources 2022, 11(12), 111; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120111 - 30 Nov 2022
Viewed by 414
Abstract
River-flow forecasts are important for the management and planning of water resources and their rational use. The present study, based on direct multistep-ahead forecasting with multiple time series specific to the XGBoost algorithm, estimates the long-term changes and forecast monthly flows of selected [...] Read more.
River-flow forecasts are important for the management and planning of water resources and their rational use. The present study, based on direct multistep-ahead forecasting with multiple time series specific to the XGBoost algorithm, estimates the long-term changes and forecast monthly flows of selected rivers in Ukraine. In a new, applied approach, a single multioutput model was proposed that forecasts over both short- and long-term horizons using grouped or hierarchical data series. Three forecast stages were considered: using train and test subsets, using a model with train-test data, and training with all data. The historical period included the measurements of the monthly flows, precipitation, and air temperature in the period 1961–2020. The forecast horizons of 12, 60, and 120 months into the future were selected for this dataset, i.e., December 2021, December 2025, and December 2030. The research was conducted for diverse hydrological systems: the Prut, a mountain river; the Styr, an upland river; and the Sula, a lowland river in relation to the variability and forecasts of precipitation and air temperature. The results of the analyses showed a varying degree of sensitivity among rivers to changes in precipitation and air temperature and different projections for future time horizons of 12, 60, and 120 months. For all studied rivers, variable dynamics of flow was observed in the years 1961–2020, yet with a clearly marked decrease in monthly flows during in the final, 2010–2020 decade. The last decade of low flows on the Prut and Styr rivers was preceded by their noticeable increase in the earlier decade (2000–2010). In the case of the Sula River, a continuous decrease in monthly flows has been observed since the end of the 1990s, with a global minimum in the decade 2010–2020. Two patterns were obtained in the forecasts: a decrease in flow for the rivers Prut (6%) and the Styr (12–14%), accompanied by a decrease in precipitation and an increase in air temperature until 2030, and for the Sula River, an increase in flow (16–23%), with a slight increase in precipitation and an increase in air temperature. The predicted changes in the flows of the Prut, the Styr, and the Sula rivers correspond to forecasts in other regions of Ukraine and Europe. The performance of the models over a variety of available datasets over time was assessed and hyperparameters, which minimize the forecast error over the relevant forecast horizons, were selected. The obtained RMSE parameter values indicate high variability in hydrological and meteorological data in the catchment areas and not very good fit of retrospective data regardless of the selected horizon length. The advantages of this model, which was used in the work for forecasting monthly river flows in Ukraine, include modelling multiple time series simultaneously with a single model, the simplicity of the modelling, potentially more-robust results because of pooling data across time series, and solving the “cold start” problem when few data points were available for a given time series. The model, because of its universality, can be used in forecasting hydrological and meteorological parameters in other catchments, irrespective of their geographic location. Full article
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Article
The Geodiversity of Springs in the Potential Jericho Geopark/Palestine
Resources 2022, 11(12), 110; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120110 - 30 Nov 2022
Viewed by 495
Abstract
The objective of this study is to investigate the hydrogeological and hydrochemical characteristics of the spring aquifer system in the potential Jericho Geopark in Jericho, Palestine. The spring’s hydrochemistry influences the physical and hydrochemical characteristics of Jericho Geopark in qualitative potentials. The springs [...] Read more.
The objective of this study is to investigate the hydrogeological and hydrochemical characteristics of the spring aquifer system in the potential Jericho Geopark in Jericho, Palestine. The spring’s hydrochemistry influences the physical and hydrochemical characteristics of Jericho Geopark in qualitative potentials. The springs are used for domestic water supplies and irrigation in Jericho area, which is considered as one of the most important agricultural baskets of the West Bank feeding from the “spring system complex”. From the geological and structural point of view, the area is considered to be complex in relation to the major structural features of faults and folds, which formed during the formation of the Jordan Rift Valley. The physical properties (pH, DO, temperature, TDS and EC) were interpreted. The hydro-chemical concentration major ions of Ca2+, Mg2+, Na+, K+, Cl, SO42−, NO3 and HCO3 were analyzed for the spring water system samples. The dominant spring water type is the calcium bicarbonate due to the dissociation of calcite mineral during the water rock interaction processes. The microbiological parameters of Total and Fecal coliforms were analyzed for the targeted springs and indicates no detected pollution. The hydrochemical characteristics of the spring waters indicate no ion concentration trends. The calculated quality water Index indicated that all springs are of excellent spring water type. The study contributes to the qualitative spring water as a major component to the potential Jericho Geopark in order to have better understanding of the community-based protection practice. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Geodiversity Assessment: What, Why and How?)
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Article
Territories of Contention: The Importance of Project Location in Mining-Related Disputes in Finland from the Geosystem Services Perspective
Resources 2022, 11(12), 109; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120109 - 28 Nov 2022
Viewed by 804
Abstract
Geosystem services produced by geological processes are the abiotic equivalents of ecosystem services. Geosystems also contribute to satisfying human needs and produce welfare in the form of, e.g., mineral deposits, landscapes for recreation and tourism, and habitats for rare species that require protection. [...] Read more.
Geosystem services produced by geological processes are the abiotic equivalents of ecosystem services. Geosystems also contribute to satisfying human needs and produce welfare in the form of, e.g., mineral deposits, landscapes for recreation and tourism, and habitats for rare species that require protection. Geosystems are inherently linked to ecosystems, which causes overlap between provided services. This overlap may in turn cause conflicts over land-use needs and interests. Such controversies can be manifested as mining and mineral exploration disputes (MMEDs). Six MMEDs from Finland were selected for a closer examination. The MMEDs are described and spatially analyzed from the geosystem services perspective. The main causes for the examined MMEDs are land-use issues, i.e., the location of a project in a sensitive context (a protected area (PA), tourism destination, reindeer herding area, or lake area with vacation homes), and/or association with uranium. There have been attempts to block some of the projects through land-use planning by expanding PAs or excluding mining from the municipality. Conversely, one of the projects is an example of the safeguarding of mineral deposits by province-level land-use planning. A more comprehensive consideration of geosystem services by land-use planning may help to accommodate and reconciliate diverse interests and alleviate disputes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Minerals and Land-Use Planning: Sustainable Narratives and Practices)
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Article
Thermodynamics and Electrochemistry of the Interaction of Sphalerite with Iron (II)-Bearing Compounds in Relation to Flotation
Resources 2022, 11(12), 108; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120108 - 28 Nov 2022
Viewed by 553
Abstract
The flotation recovery of sphalerite depends on the inorganic reagents concentrations in the liquid phase of suspension and pH. This paper presents the results of studies of the interactions of iron (II) containing ions with the sphalerite surface in water solutions at different [...] Read more.
The flotation recovery of sphalerite depends on the inorganic reagents concentrations in the liquid phase of suspension and pH. This paper presents the results of studies of the interactions of iron (II) containing ions with the sphalerite surface in water solutions at different pH levels. The thermodynamic and electrochemical studies were carried out to analyze possible interactions of sphalerite with iron (II) sulfate in a water environment and relate them to sphalerite flotation with potassium butyl xanthate and sodium dibutyl dithiophosphate. The results of the thermodynamic calculations revealed the possibility of interaction of the sphalerite surface with iron (II) hydrolysis products. The effect of the hydroxide ions concentration on precipitation of iron (II) hydroxides was examined. The findings showed that at pH = 8 there were no precipitates observed in water solutions of FeSO4. Increasing pH of the solutions from 8 to 12 resulted in the formation of iron (II) hydroxides. The potentiometric studies revealed that in slightly alkaline solutions the Fe2+ and FeOH+ cations are potential-determining. In conclusion, the flotation tests with thiol collectors show the activation effect of iron (II) sulphate on sphalerite at low dosage and pH 12. This is evident by a higher flotation recovery of sphalerite at these conditions. Full article
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Article
Sustainable Business Models—Crisis and Rebound Based on Hungarian Research Experience
Resources 2022, 11(12), 107; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120107 - 25 Nov 2022
Viewed by 520
Abstract
Sustainable business models can help us move beyond the current consumer society and integrate sustainability into our lifestyles. The COVID-19 crisis was a strong test of sustainability for these models. In our study, we assessed which business models are highly dependent on the [...] Read more.
Sustainable business models can help us move beyond the current consumer society and integrate sustainability into our lifestyles. The COVID-19 crisis was a strong test of sustainability for these models. In our study, we assessed which business models are highly dependent on the economic cycle and are highly embedded in consumer society. We conducted our research at the height of the second wave of the pandemic and asked university students about changes in their consumption patterns and their expectations for the future. We carried out cluster analysis on our sample of 622 respondents. We were interested in the extent to which participation in certain business models could be associated with the rebound effect that could be predicted after the epidemic. The stronger this effect, the more embedded a sustainable business model is in consumer society and the less able it is to reduce its environmental impacts in the long term. We found that resource efficiency, the sharing economy, and digitalization fall into this category. Participation in sufficiency and stewardship-based business models predicted much less rebound impact. These models showed more clearly the sustainability characteristics of sustainable business models. Full article
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Article
To What Extent Does Indigenous Local Knowledge Support the Social–Ecological System? A Case Study of the Ammatoa Community, Indonesia
Resources 2022, 11(12), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/resources11120106 - 24 Nov 2022
Viewed by 534
Abstract
Recognition of multiple knowledge systems is essential to facilitate collaboration and mutual learning between different actors, integration across social and ecological systems, and sustainable development goals. This study aims to identify how local knowledge from the indigenous people in developing countries contributes toward [...] Read more.
Recognition of multiple knowledge systems is essential to facilitate collaboration and mutual learning between different actors, integration across social and ecological systems, and sustainable development goals. This study aims to identify how local knowledge from the indigenous people in developing countries contributes toward supporting the social–ecological system. We use a case study of the Ammatoa community, one of the indigenous communities in South Sulawesi Province, Indonesia. This study shows how their social and ecological practices are combined to develop their customary area and how the Ammatoa’s customary values contribute towards achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) 15 and 12 of the United Nations, i.e., leveraging local resources for livelihood and ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns. Examples of practices elaborated in this paper are protecting, restoring, and promoting sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably managing forests, combating desertification, halting and reversing land degradation, halting biodiversity loss, and ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns. Furthermore, the Ammatoa’s customary values form a sustainable system that not only affects their social aspects, but also their economy and surrounding environment. This research can be used to develop relevant environmental-related interventions related to SDGs 15 and 12 from indigenous peoples’ perspectives. Full article
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