In this work, to evaluate the influence of the threshold on the dynamic contact process, five models (number 1, 2, 3, 4, 5) with different thresholds were proposed and fabricated with surface micromachining technology. The contact time and response time were used to characterize the dynamic contact performance. The dynamic contact processes of the inertial switches with gradually increasing thresholds were researched using analytical, simulation, and experimental methods. The basic working principle analysis of the inertial switch shows that the contact time of the inertial switch with a low-g value can be extended by using a simply supported beam as the fixed electrode, but the high-G inertial needs more elasticity for fixed electrode. The simulation results indicate that the response time and contact time decrease with the increment in the designed threshold. Prototypes were tested using a dropping hammer system, and the test result indicates that the contact time of the inertial switch with a fixed electrode of the simply supported beam is about 15 and 5 μs when the threshold is about 280 and 580 g, respectively. Meanwhile, the contact time can be extended to 100 μs for the inertial switch using a spring as the fixed electrode when the threshold is about 280 and 580 g. These test results not only prove that the spring fixed electrode can effectively extend the contact time, but also prove that the style of the fixed electrode is the deciding factor affecting the contact time of the high-G inertial switch.
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