Next Article in Journal
Effect of Gamma-Oryzanol as Therapeutic Agent to Prevent Cardiorenal Metabolic Syndrome in Animals Submitted to High Sugar-Fat Diet
Previous Article in Journal
Dietary Sialyllactose Influences Sialic Acid Concentrations in the Prefrontal Cortex and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Measures in Corpus Callosum of Young Pigs
Open AccessArticle

Study on the Prevalence of Severe Anemia among Non-Pregnant Women of Reproductive Age in Rural China: A Large Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study

1
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University, 100191 Beijing, China
2
Department of Maternal and Child Health, National Health and Family Planning Commission of the PRC, 100190 Beijing, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Nutrients 2017, 9(12), 1298; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9121298
Received: 1 November 2017 / Revised: 24 November 2017 / Accepted: 27 November 2017 / Published: 28 November 2017
Globally, severe anemia impacts millions of non-pregnant women. However, studies on the prevalence of severe anemia through large epidemiologic surveys among non-pregnant women have been scarce in China. In this study, we aimed to study the prevalence of severe anemia and its determinants among non-pregnant women living in rural areas of China. Data were gathered for 712,101 non-pregnant women aged between 21 and 49 years who attended the 2012 National Free Preconception Health Examination Project. Severe anemia in non-pregnant women was defined as a hemoglobin (Hb) concentration lower than 80 g/L. Associated factors were analyzed using univariate and multivariate logistic regression methods. Out of the 712,101 non-pregnant women living in the rural areas of China, 1728 suffered from severe anemia, with a prevalence of 0.24% (95% confidence interval (CI): 0.23–0.25%). Results from the multivariable logistic regression showed that elderly (adjusted odds ratio (aOR) = 3.08), living in the northwest region (aOR = 2.88), having a history of anemia (aOR = 5.76), with heavy menstrual blood loss (aOR = 1.84), and with a history of using an intra-uterine device (aOR = 1.47) etc., were independent determinants for women with severe anemia in rural China. The prevalence of severe anemia among Chinese non-pregnant women living in the rural areas was lower than the reported global prevalence. Prevention and intervention programs for severe anemia are required among non-pregnant women of reproductive age in the rural areas of China. View Full-Text
Keywords: severe anemia; prevalence; non-pregnant women; China; rural areas severe anemia; prevalence; non-pregnant women; China; rural areas
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Ma, Q.; Zhang, S.; Liu, J.; Wang, Q.; Shen, H.; Zhang, Y.; Liu, M. Study on the Prevalence of Severe Anemia among Non-Pregnant Women of Reproductive Age in Rural China: A Large Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study. Nutrients 2017, 9, 1298.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop