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The Function and Alteration of Immunological Properties in Human Milk of Obese Mothers

Indiana University Bloomington School of Public Health, Bloomington, IN 47405, USA
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Nutrients 2019, 11(6), 1284; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11061284
Received: 29 April 2019 / Revised: 28 May 2019 / Accepted: 1 June 2019 / Published: 6 June 2019
Maternal obesity is associated with metabolic changes in mothers and higher risk of obesity in the offspring. Obesity in breastfeeding mothers appears to influence human milk production as well as the quality of human milk. Maternal obesity is associated with alteration of immunological factors concentrations in the human milk, such as C-reactive protein (CRP), leptin, IL-6, insulin, TNF-Alpha, ghrelin, adiponectin, and obestatin. Human milk is considered a first choice for infant nutrition due to the complete profile of macro nutrients, micro nutrients, and immunological properties. It is essential to understand how maternal obesity influences immunological properties of human milk because alterations could impact the nutrition status and health of the infant. This review summarizes the literature regarding the impact of maternal obesity on the concentration of particular immunological properties in the human milk. View Full-Text
Keywords: maternal obesity; gestational weight gain; immunological properties; human milk; nutrition; health maternal obesity; gestational weight gain; immunological properties; human milk; nutrition; health
MDPI and ACS Style

Erliana, U.D.; Fly, A.D. The Function and Alteration of Immunological Properties in Human Milk of Obese Mothers. Nutrients 2019, 11, 1284.

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