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Review

Current Research and Development Status of Corrosion Behavior of Automotive Materials in Biofuels

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Department of Mechanical Engineering, COMSATS University Islamabad, Sahiwal Campus 57000, Pakistan
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Faculty of Mechanical and Automotive Engineering Technology, Universiti Malaysia Pahang, Pekan 26600, Pahang, Malaysia
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan 60000, Pakistan
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Biofuel Engine Research Facility, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD 4000, Australia
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Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), Jalan Gombak, Kuala Lumpur 53100, Malaysia
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Department of Physics, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad 38000, Pakistan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Constantine D. Rakopoulos
Energies 2021, 14(5), 1440; https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051440
Received: 30 November 2020 / Revised: 13 February 2021 / Accepted: 22 February 2021 / Published: 6 March 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Alternative Fuels and Their Application to Combustion Engines)
The world’s need for energy is increasing with the passage of time and the substantial energy demand of the world is met by fossil fuels. Biodiesel has been considered as a replacement for fossil fuels in automotive engines. Biodiesels are advantageous because they provide energy security, they are nontoxic, renewable, economical, and biodegradable and clean sources of energy. However, there are certain disadvantages of biodiesels, including their corrosive, hygroscopic and oxidative natures. This paper provides a review of automotive materials when coming into contact with biodiesel blended fuel in terms of corrosion. Biodiesels have generally been proved to be corrosive, therefore it is important to understand the limits and extents of corrosion on different materials. Methods generally used to find and calculate corrosion have also been discussed in this paper. The reasons for the occurrence of corrosion and the subsequent problems because of corrosion have been presented. Biodiesel production can be carried out by different feedstocks and the studies which have been carried out on these biodiesels have been reviewed in this paper. A certain number of compounds form on the surface of materials because of corrosion and the mechanism behind the formation of these compounds along with the characterization techniques generally used is reviewed. View Full-Text
Keywords: corrosion; biodiesel; automotive materials; green fuels; corrosion test methods corrosion; biodiesel; automotive materials; green fuels; corrosion test methods
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shehzad, A.; Ahmed, A.; Quazi, M.M.; Jamshaid, M.; Ashrafur Rahman, S.M.; Hassan, M.H.; Javed, H.M.A. Current Research and Development Status of Corrosion Behavior of Automotive Materials in Biofuels. Energies 2021, 14, 1440. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051440

AMA Style

Shehzad A, Ahmed A, Quazi MM, Jamshaid M, Ashrafur Rahman SM, Hassan MH, Javed HMA. Current Research and Development Status of Corrosion Behavior of Automotive Materials in Biofuels. Energies. 2021; 14(5):1440. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051440

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shehzad, Aamir, Arslan Ahmed, Moinuddin M. Quazi, Muhammad Jamshaid, S. M. Ashrafur Rahman, Masjuki H. Hassan, and Hafiz M.A. Javed. 2021. "Current Research and Development Status of Corrosion Behavior of Automotive Materials in Biofuels" Energies 14, no. 5: 1440. https://doi.org/10.3390/en14051440

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