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The Prevalence of Cigarette and E-cigarette Smoking Among Students in Central and Eastern Europe—Results of the YUPESS Study

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Department of Epidemiology, School of Medicine in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice, Medykow 18 Str, 40-752 Katowice, Poland
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Canadian Centre for Health and Safety in Agriculture, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 104 Clinic Place, PO Box 23, Saskatoon, SK S7N 2Z4, Canada
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Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, 103 Hospital Drive, Saskatoon, SK S7N 0W8, Canada
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Department of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, Yanka Kupala State University of Grodno, 22 Ozheshko Str, 230023 Grodno, Belarus
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Department of General and Oncological Pulmonology, Norbert Barlicki Memorial Teaching Hospital No. 1, Medical University of Lodz, Kopcińskiego 22 Str, 90-153 Lodz, Poland
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Department of Family Medicine, Warsaw Medical University, Banacha Street 1a, 02-097 Warsaw, Poland
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Department of Social Pedagogy and Social Work, Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University named after V.P. Astafiev, A. Lebedeva 89 Str, Krasnoyarsk 660017, Russia
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Institute of Biology Systems and Genetic Research, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, MLK, Eivenių 4Str, LT-50103 Kaunas, Lithuania
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Department of Human Physiology and Pathophysiology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Rzeszów, Kopisto 2a Str, 35-359 Rzeszow, Poland
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Department of Allergology and Cystic Fibrosis, Clinical Provincial Hospital No. 2, Lwowska 60 Str, 35-301 Rzeszów, Poland
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Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Slovak Medical University in Bratislava, Limbová 14 Str, 833 03 Bratislava, Slovak Republic
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Student’s Scientific Society at 2nd Department of Lung Diseases and Tuberculosis, Medical University of Bialystok, Żurawia 14 Str, 15-540 Bialystok, Poland
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Department of General Hygiene and Ecology, Grodno State Medical University, Gorkogo 80 Str, 230009 Grodno, Belarus
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Department of Childhood Psychology, Krasnoyarsk State Pedagogical University named after V.P. Astafiev, A. Lebedeva 89 Str, Krasnoyarsk 660017, Russia
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2nd Department of Lung Diseases and Tuberculosis, Medical University of Bialystok, Żurawia 14 Str, 15-540 Bialystok, Poland
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Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Medical University of Lodz, Zeligowskiego 7/9 Str, 90-752 Łódź, Poland
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School of Public Health, Centre of Postgraduate Medical Education, Kleczewska 61/63 Str, 01-826 Warsaw, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(13), 2297; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16132297
Received: 20 May 2019 / Revised: 12 June 2019 / Accepted: 26 June 2019 / Published: 28 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Collection Health Behaviors, Risk Factors, NCDs and Health Promotion)
Electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) are an alternative to traditional tobacco cigarette smoking. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of cigarette smoking and e-cigarette use among university students from Central and Eastern Europe and to investigate personal characteristics associated with cigarette and e-cigarette smoking. A questionnaire-based cross-sectional survey was performed between 2017–2018 among university students in five European countries: Belarus, Lithuania, Poland, Russia, and Slovakia. The questionnaire included 46 questions related to the frequency and habits of traditional cigarettes and e-cigarettes use. Completed questionnaires were obtained from 14,352 students (8800 medical; aged 20.9 ± 2.4 years) with an overall response rate of 72.2%. Two-thirds of the respondents had smoked a traditional tobacco cigarette and 43.7% had used an e-cigarette. Overall current smoking status included 12.3% traditional cigarette smokers, 1.1% e-cigarette users, and 1.8% were dual users with the remainder being non-smokers. Smoking status differed between the research centres (p < 0.001). Females were less likely to try either cigarettes (OR = 0.83) or e-cigarettes (OR = 0.62) and were less likely to be current cigarette (OR = 0.64), e-cigarette (OR = 0.34), or dual users (OR = 0.33) than males. Perception of e-cigarettes significantly differed between smokers and non-smokers (p < 0.001). Among university students, cigarettes are more popular than e-cigarettes. View Full-Text
Keywords: e-cigarettes; electronic cigarettes; smoking; tobacco; students e-cigarettes; electronic cigarettes; smoking; tobacco; students
MDPI and ACS Style

Brożek, G.M.; Jankowski, M.; Lawson, J.A.; Shpakou, A.; Poznański, M.; Zielonka, T.M.; Klimatckaia, L.; Loginovich, Y.; Rachel, M.; Gereová, J.; Golonko, J.; Naumau, I.; Kornicki, K.; Pepłowska, P.; Kovalevskiy, V.; Raskiliene, A.; Bielewicz, K.; Krištúfková, Z.; Mróz, R.; Majek, P.; Lubanski, J.; Kaleta, D.; Pinkas, J.; Zejda, J.E. The Prevalence of Cigarette and E-cigarette Smoking Among Students in Central and Eastern Europe—Results of the YUPESS Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2297.

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