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Open AccessArticle

Development of Ferromagnetic Superspins in Bare Cu Nanoparticles by Electronic Charge Redistribution

Department of Physics, National Central University, Jhongli 32001, Taiwan
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Thompson Mefford
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16(10), 23165-23176;
Received: 26 August 2015 / Revised: 18 September 2015 / Accepted: 22 September 2015 / Published: 24 September 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Magnetic Nanoparticles 2015)
We report on the results of investigating the ferromagnetic properties of bare Cu nanoparticles. Three sets of bare Cu nanoparticle assemblies with mean particle diameters of 6.6, 8.1, and 11.1 nm were fabricated, employing the gas condensation method. Curie-Weiss paramagnetic responses to a weak driving magnetic field were detected, showing the appearance of particle superspins that overcomes the diamagnetic responses from the inner core. The isothermal magnetization displays a Langevin field profile together with magnetic hysteresis appearing even at 300 K, demonstrating the existence of ferromagnetic superspins in the Cu nanoparticles. Shifting of a noticeable amount of electronic charge from being distributed near the lattice sites in bulk form toward their neighboring ions in nanoparticles was found. The extended 3d and 4s band mixture are the main sources for the development of localized 3d holes for the development of ferromagnetic particle superspins in Cu nanoparticles. View Full-Text
Keywords: Cu nanoparticle; ferromagnetic superspin; electronic charge density Cu nanoparticle; ferromagnetic superspin; electronic charge density
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MDPI and ACS Style

Batsaikhan, E.; Chen, Y.-C.; Lee, C.-H.; Li, H.-C.; Li, W.-H. Development of Ferromagnetic Superspins in Bare Cu Nanoparticles by Electronic Charge Redistribution. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2015, 16, 23165-23176.

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