Sustainable EV Rapid Charging, Challenges, and Development

A special issue of World Electric Vehicle Journal (ISSN 2032-6653).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2024 | Viewed by 3464

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
School of Science and Engineering, Al Akhawayn University in Ifrane, Ifrane, Morocco
Interests: systems engineering; EV connectivity; smart systems; industrial Internet of Things (IIoT)

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Guest Editor
Department Transport Systems, Traffic Engineering and Logistics, Faculty of Transport and Aviation Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, Krasińskiego Str. 8, 40-019 Katowice, Poland
Interests: sustainable transport; electromobility; travel behavior; environmentally friendly transport solutions; traffic engineering; traffic flow measurement; analysis and prognosis; transport systems modeling; optimization of transport networks
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Electric vehicles (EVs) offer substantially reduced greenhouse gas emissions over traditional vehicles that reduce air pollution, combat climate change, and provide health benefits to the general population. Despite these benefits, EV growth has remained slow within the global market. This is partially attributable to a range of challenges for prospective stakeholders, such as whether EV Rapid Charging Points can store adequate energy levels or longer commutes caused by end-to-end charging systems.

The challenges in developing sustainable solutions have increased dramatically because of Net-Zero and clean energy fast-approaching targets, as well as the political situation. On the other hand, technology, standardisation, manufacturers, and consumers have moved to a higher level, in which there is an urgent need for relatively sustainable end-to-end system approaches.

This Special Issue, therefore, invites all original and reviewed articles covering the challenging aspects of the development of EV charging systems, including but not limited to sustainable EV rapid charging (points, network, and distributions) and sustainable EV rapid storage systems.

Prof. Dr. Salah Al-Majeed
Prof. Dr. Grzegorz Sierpiński
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. World Electric Vehicle Journal is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • electromobility
  • charging stations
  • electric vehicles
  • power grid

Published Papers (2 papers)

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21 pages, 4916 KiB  
Article
Optimal Allocation of Fast Charging Stations on Real Power Transmission Network with Penetration of Renewable Energy Plant
by Sami M. Alshareef and Ahmed Fathy
World Electr. Veh. J. 2024, 15(4), 172; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj15040172 - 20 Apr 2024
Viewed by 1380
Abstract
Because of their stochastic nature, the high penetration of electric vehicles (EVs) places demands on the power system that may strain network reliability. Along with increasing network voltage deviations, this can also lower the quality of the power provided. By placing EV fast [...] Read more.
Because of their stochastic nature, the high penetration of electric vehicles (EVs) places demands on the power system that may strain network reliability. Along with increasing network voltage deviations, this can also lower the quality of the power provided. By placing EV fast charging stations (FCSs) in strategic grid locations, this issue can be resolved. Thus, this work suggests a new methodology incorporating an effective and straightforward Red-Tailed Hawk Algorithm (RTH) to identify the optimal locations and capacities for FCSs in a real Aljouf Transmission Network located in northern Saudi Arabia. Using a fitness function, this work’s objective is to minimize voltage violations over a 24 h period. The merits of the suggested RTH are its high convergence rate and ability to eschew local solutions. The results obtained via the suggested RTH are contrasted with those of other approaches such as the use of a Kepler optimization algorithm (KOA), gold rush optimizer (GRO), grey wolf optimizer (GWO), and spider wasp optimizer (SWO). Annual substation demand, solar irradiance, and photovoltaic (PV) temperature datasets are utilized in this study to describe the demand as well as the generation profiles in the proposed real network. A principal component analysis (PCA) is employed to reduce the complexity of each dataset and to prepare them for the k-means algorithm. Then, k-means clustering is used to partition each dataset into k distinct clusters evaluated using internal and external validity indices. The values of these indices are weighted to select the best number of clusters. Moreover, a Monte Carlo simulation (MCS) is applied to probabilistically determine the daily profile of each data set. According to the obtained results, the proposed RTH outperformed the others, achieving the lowest fitness value of 0.134346 pu, while the GRO came in second place with a voltage deviation of 0.135646 pu. Conversely, the KOA was the worst method, achieving a fitness value of 0.148358 pu. The outcomes attained validate the suggested approach’s competency in integrating FCSs into a real transmission grid by selecting their best locations and sizes. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable EV Rapid Charging, Challenges, and Development)
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16 pages, 4434 KiB  
Article
Dynamic Programming of Electric Vehicle Reservation Charging and Battery Preheating Strategies Considering Time-of-Use Electricity Price
by Bo Zhu, Chengwu Bao, Mingyao Yao and Zhengchun Qi
World Electr. Veh. J. 2024, 15(3), 90; https://doi.org/10.3390/wevj15030090 - 1 Mar 2024
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1244
Abstract
Electric vehicles can effectively make use of the time-of-use electricity price to reduce the charging cost. Additionally, using grid power to preheat the battery before departure is particularly important for improving the vehicle mileage and reducing the use cost. In this paper, a [...] Read more.
Electric vehicles can effectively make use of the time-of-use electricity price to reduce the charging cost. Additionally, using grid power to preheat the battery before departure is particularly important for improving the vehicle mileage and reducing the use cost. In this paper, a dynamic programming algorithm is used to optimize the battery AC (Alternating Current) charging–preheating strategy to minimize the total cost of battery charging and preheating, with the charging current and battery preheating power consumption as the control variables. The cost difference between the optimized control strategy and the conventional preheating strategy was analyzed under different ambient temperatures (−20~0 °C) and different target travel times (7:00~12:00). The simulation results show that the optimized control strategy makes the state of charge (SOC) and temperature of the battery reach the set value at the user’s target departure time, and the total cost of the grid is the lowest. Compared with the conventional preheating strategy, the optimized control strategy can utilize the power grid energy in the valley price area and reduce the opening time of the positive temperature coefficient (PTC) heater in the flat and the peak price zones. Furthermore, the cost utilization rate can reach 18.41~73.96%, and the cost-saving effect is significant. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sustainable EV Rapid Charging, Challenges, and Development)
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