Special Issue "Smallpox and Emerging Zoonotic Orthopoxviruses: What Is Coming Next?"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (30 November 2017)
Forty years ago, in 1977, the last known natural case of smallpox was reported in Somalia. Subsequently, in 1980, following a historic global campaign of surveillance and vaccination, the World Health Assembly declared smallpox eradicated. This achievement was certainly reached by a well-coordinated campaign, involving brilliant minds from basic poxvirology, vaccinology, epidemiology and public health organs.
However, after smallpox eradication, vaccination campaigns gradually ceased. Lack of vaccination nevertheless creates a growing population of persons now susceptible to infection by poxviruses previously covered by the smallpox vaccine. These include the orthopoxviruses monkeypox, cowpox, and, vaccinia virus. Coincidently or not, in the last decades an increasing number of cases involving these zoonotic OPVs has been described. This has raised concerns not only with regard to the (re-) emergence of OPVs, but also about the intentional use of especially variola virus in bioterrorism attacks. Thus, understanding the epidemiology of zoonotic OPVs is in the interest of public health.
In this Special Issue, we welcome the poxvirus community to submit research papers or review articles related to all aspects of orthopoxvirus research, from historical reports to the description of new orthopoxvirus strains. Phylogenetic and epidemiological studies are welcome, as well as papers covering topics like bioterrorism, medical countermeasures and studies of basic and host–virus relationships.
Prof. Dr. Hermann Meyer
Prof. Dr. Erna Geessien Kroon
Prof. Dr. Jônatas Abrahão
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
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