Diversity of Enterprise Ecosystems: Theories, Methods and Applications

A special issue of Systems (ISSN 2079-8954). This special issue belongs to the section "Systems Practice in Social Science".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 March 2023) | Viewed by 10504

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Institute of Dynamic Management, Department of Business Technologies and Entrepreneurship, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, LT-10223 Vilnius, Lithuania
Interests: knowledge management; project management; strategic management; sustainable development; women leadership and entrepreneurship
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Department of Mechanical and Construction Engineering, Northumbria University, London E1 7EZ, UK
Interests: construction project management; sustainably built environment; renewable energy projects; sustainable urban development
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

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Upper Great Plains Transportation Institute (UGPTI), North Dakota State University (NDSU), Fargo, ND 58102, USA
Interests: environmental management; eco-transportation; on-road transportation safety; intelligent transportation system; rail crossing safety

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Enterprise ecosystems refer to the interaction and mutual influence of enterprises and their multifaceted and multilayered environment. Enterprises depend directly or indirectly on private and public organizations to develop an economic community. As a complex system, the enterprise ecosystem includes social, political, economic, and cultural elements that support various enterprise activities such as management, sourcing, production, delivery, etc. However, the enterprise ecosystem embodies a very high level of uncertainty and diversity. Additionally, the diversity of enterprise ecosystems is mainly manifested in the multiple types of system elements and their activities and the multiple types of intersubject connections. The behavior of this system may be rapidly jumping and transforming between a finite or infinite set of possible solutions without necessarily being continuous, cyclic, asymptotic, or differentiable. Therefore, it is a promising research trend to explore various approaches, models, methods, and techniques to examine enterprise ecosystems’ uncertainty and diversity.

This Special Issue aims to provide a forum for academics and practitioners to explore and present enterprise ecosystems’ uncertainty and problematic diversity areas and different practices. These include, in particular, but not exclusively:

  • Enterprise ecosystems
  • National and regional enterprise ecosystems
  • Policies for stimulating enterprise activities
  • Sustainable strategies of enterprise ecosystems
  • An economic evaluation of the development of enterprise ecosystems
  • Value-chain-based co-creation mechanisms of enterprise ecosystems
  • Networking role in enterprise ecosystems
  • Network-based evolution mechanisms of enterprise ecosystems
  • Digitalization-driven enterprise ecosystems
  • De-globalization and enterprise ecosystems
  • Interdependency in enterprise ecosystems
  • VUCA context and enterprise ecosystems
  • Impact of enterprise ecosystems on business models and society

Prof. Dr. Jurgita Raudeliūnienė
Dr. Rashid Maqbool
Dr. Jianbang Du
Guest Editors

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Published Papers (5 papers)

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Research

17 pages, 19637 KiB  
Article
Can the Greening of Financial Markets Be Transmitted to the Real Economy as Desired in China?
by Jingxian Zhang, Xuhui Ding, Lingyan Bao and Yidi Zhang
Systems 2023, 11(3), 161; https://doi.org/10.3390/systems11030161 - 21 Mar 2023
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1406
Abstract
The greening of financial markets can effectively guide the flow of capital to green and environmental industries, prompt the upgrading and transformation of the green industry, and help China achieve its dual carbon goals. This paper adopts China’s inter-provincial panel data from 2011 [...] Read more.
The greening of financial markets can effectively guide the flow of capital to green and environmental industries, prompt the upgrading and transformation of the green industry, and help China achieve its dual carbon goals. This paper adopts China’s inter-provincial panel data from 2011 to 2020, measures the development level of the real economy in terms of innovation, coordination, green, openness, and sharing using principal component analysis, and selects core indicators such as green credit, green insurance, green investment, and financial market size. In addition, the fixed panel model and differences-in-differences model are used to carry out the research. The results show that: 1. China’s high-quality green development shows an upward trend in general, the real economy tends to be green, and the development in the east, middle, and west is gradually balanced; 2. Green credit and green insurance have a significant inhibitory effect on the development of the real economy, and this inhibitory effect is more evident in the middle and western regions; green investment has a significant positive promotion effect on promoting the development of the real economy; 3. The promulgation and implementation of policies such as the Guidance on Building a Green Financial System can significantly promote the greening of the financial market to the real economy and promote sustainable development. It should continue to promote the greening of the financial market, improve the green financial service system, smooth the transformation path of green finance to the real economy, strengthen the green guidance of the government on the development of the virtual and real economy, promote the green synergistic development of the financial market in the east and west, and promote the high-quality green sustainable development of the region. Full article
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14 pages, 640 KiB  
Article
Assessing the Effect of the Economy for the Common Good System on Business Performance
by Vanessa Campos, Joan R. Sanchis and Ana T. Ejarque
Systems 2023, 11(2), 106; https://doi.org/10.3390/systems11020106 - 15 Feb 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1696
Abstract
Extant literature has pointed to organizational hybridity to lever sustainable business transformation. Moreover, some authors hold that there is a possible trade-off between sustainability and performance. However, there is still little empirical evidence on the impact that such sustainability-driven hybridization systems have on [...] Read more.
Extant literature has pointed to organizational hybridity to lever sustainable business transformation. Moreover, some authors hold that there is a possible trade-off between sustainability and performance. However, there is still little empirical evidence on the impact that such sustainability-driven hybridization systems have on performance. Thus, the present study’s main goal is to fill this gap by providing empirical evidence on the impact of the implementation of the Economy for the Common Good, as a sustainability-driven organizational system, on business performance. To do so, the authors relied on a sample of 206 businesses from five European countries. Then, the authors followed a quantitative research approach based on a hierarchical regression analysis that allowed them to test for linear, curvilinear, and moderating effects. The authors found a positive relationship between the implementation of a sustainability-driven hybridization system and firm performance. Besides, they identified some curvilinear effects pointing to the existence of a “too much of a good thing” effect, along with some moderating effects derived from organizational size. Full article
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19 pages, 608 KiB  
Article
Integrating Subjective–Objective Weights Consideration and a Combined Compromise Solution Method for Handling Supplier Selection Issues
by Kuei-Hu Chang
Systems 2023, 11(2), 74; https://doi.org/10.3390/systems11020074 - 1 Feb 2023
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 2226
Abstract
The development of artificial intelligence and the recent COVID-19 pandemic as well as the emergence of other diseases has led to dramatic changes in the overall supply chain development. The choice of a suitable supplier will be the key to ensuring sustainable development [...] Read more.
The development of artificial intelligence and the recent COVID-19 pandemic as well as the emergence of other diseases has led to dramatic changes in the overall supply chain development. The choice of a suitable supplier will be the key to ensuring sustainable development of the company and the normal operation of the overall supply chain. However, the evaluation data of the supplier selection contains both qualitative and quantitative data simultaneously. In addition, the evaluation information provided by experts often includes some incomplete and hesitant information. These reasons lead to the complexity of supplier selection. Traditional supplier selection calculation methods ignore the objective weight considerations and thus lead to biased assessment results. The main goal of this study is to overcome the limitations of conventional supplier selection methods, fully consider the subjective and objective weights of the evaluation criteria and deal with incomplete information for providing more correct supplier ranking results. A stepwise weight assessment ratio analysis (SWARA) method, the 2-tuple linguistic representation method, and the combined compromise solution (CoCoSo) were applied in this study to solve the problem of supplier selection. To verify the rationality and correctness of the proposed method, the third-party logistics supplier selection was used as the illustrated example in the numerical validation section. The simulation results confirm that the proposed method can effectively deal with supplier selection with unclear information and can provide more reasonable supplier ranking results. Full article
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19 pages, 2865 KiB  
Article
Sustainable Operation Structures in the Cross-Border Enterprise Ecosystem under Tariff Fluctuations: A Systematic Evaluation
by Ting Zeng and Tianjian Yang
Systems 2022, 10(6), 211; https://doi.org/10.3390/systems10060211 - 7 Nov 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1396
Abstract
In a business ecosystem, cross-border enterprises are vulnerable to disruptions such as tariff fluctuations. By modeling distribution structures, this paper explores how cross-border enterprises develop ecological advantages and improve their resilience. With system dynamics methodology, a cross-border enterprise ecosystem is modeled in the [...] Read more.
In a business ecosystem, cross-border enterprises are vulnerable to disruptions such as tariff fluctuations. By modeling distribution structures, this paper explores how cross-border enterprises develop ecological advantages and improve their resilience. With system dynamics methodology, a cross-border enterprise ecosystem is modeled in the context of employing a distributor in a foreign jurisdiction overseeing product distribution (as a commissionaire or a fully fledged distributor). This study compares the dynamic performance of different distribution structures in response to tariff changes. The comparative results reveal that enterprises with distributors are more resilient to tariff fluctuations than those without distributors. This study proposes an effective measure to mitigate the disruptions caused by a tariff change; reducing transfer prices within a range can help to recover some of the lost profits and sales caused by a tariff increase. Moreover, this research provides practical implications on ideal operating structures for various purposes under tariff changes; implementing a commissionaire model leads to the highest profit, while implementing a fully fledged distributor model provides a more friendly market environment to customers. The provided insights have theoretical and practical value for policy makers, managers and investors to deal with a wide spectrum of strategic business ecosystem challenges. Full article
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17 pages, 366 KiB  
Article
An Economic Evaluation of Targeted Reserve Requirement Ratio Reduction on Bank Ecosystem Development
by Lihui Xiong and Jiaqi Fang
Systems 2022, 10(3), 66; https://doi.org/10.3390/systems10030066 - 15 May 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2521
Abstract
In China’s bank-centered financial and economic environment, bank risk attitudes have an important impact on the effective implementation of structural monetary policy, and monetary policy can have an impact on the corporate ecosystem through risk taking by banks. To make an economic assessment [...] Read more.
In China’s bank-centered financial and economic environment, bank risk attitudes have an important impact on the effective implementation of structural monetary policy, and monetary policy can have an impact on the corporate ecosystem through risk taking by banks. To make an economic assessment of the evolution of the banking ecosystem and empirically explore the correlation between targeted Reserve Requirement Ratio (RRR) cuts and banks’ risk-taking levels in the context of financial supply-side structural reforms, this paper uses multiple regression analysis and a fixed-effects model to analyze the causal impact of targeted RRR reduction on the risk taking of Chinese commercial banks. In addition, it uses the mediation effect model to analyze the mechanism. Results show that targeted RRR cuts have significantly increased the level of risk taking of commercial banks. The findings are pronounced in urban commercial banks. However, the leverage ratio regulation has a restraining effect on the level of risk taking of banks. This study provides an effective economic evaluation for the benign development of the banking ecosystem under the environment of government policy supervision. Future research needs to expand the bank sample and further examine the changes in bank credit scale and credit investment. Full article
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