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Sustainable Development of Water Resources and Environmental Systems in Changing Climate Scenarios

A special issue of Sustainability (ISSN 2071-1050). This special issue belongs to the section "Sustainable Water Management".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (31 July 2023) | Viewed by 3001

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Powai, Mumbai 400 076, India
Interests: groundwater flow and pollution investigations; watershed management; applications of numerical methods in water resources and environmental engineering areas; hydroinformatics; application of artificial intelligence; climate change impact assessment on water resources and coastal region

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Guest Editor
Department of Civil Engineering, North Carolina A&T State, University, Greensboro, NC 27411, USA
Interests: water cycle; field and watershed modeling; water resource engineering and management; climate change and land-use change impacts on hydrology and water resources; evaluation of BMPs for sediment and nutrients; extreme hydrological events (floods and droughts); uncertainties in modeling and assessment
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Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Over the last few decades, the impacts of climate change have been researched and reported, and now climate change has been identified as a major issue in the sustainable development of water resources and environmental systems. Due to climate change, we face multiple challenges, especially due to the changing and uncertain future climate. Additionally, the rapidly growing population is driving increased social and economic development and urbanization, leading to major issues in sustainable development. In this Special Issue, various aspects of sustainable developmental issues related to water resources and environmental systems within the changing climate scenarios will be deliberated.

Within this context, the main scope and purpose of the Special Issue is to publish the latest works and case studies related to sustainable developmental issues under changing climate scenarios. Research papers and case studies are invited with the following listed themes.

In this Special Issue, original research articles and reviews are welcome. Research areas may include (but are not limited to) the following:

  • Sustainable development of water resource systems;
  • Sustainable development and environmental issues;
  • Climate change and sustainable developmental issues;
  • Sustainable water resource management under changing climate scenarios;
  • Urban water problems and sustainable development under changing climate;
  • Groundwater management and issues of sustainability under changing climate;
  • Agricultural water management for sustainable development under changing climate;
  • Extremities of flooding and droughts under changing climate and sustainable developmental issues;
  • Water, policy, and sustainability—planning and implementation for sustainable development;
  • Sustainable development and watershed management;
  • Applications of GIS, remote sensing and decision support systems for the sustainable development of water and environment systems.

We look forward to receiving your contributions.

Prof. Dr. Eldho T.I.
Prof. Dr. Manoj K. Jha
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Sustainability is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • sustainable development
  • water resources
  • environmental systems
  • climate change
  • urban issues
  • flooding
  • droughts
  • groundwater management
  • watershed management
  • agricultural water management

Published Papers (2 papers)

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Research

18 pages, 5435 KiB  
Article
A Comprehensive Study of Assessing Sustainable Agricultural Water Management under Changing Climate Scenarios—A Regional Basis Study in the Western Ghats, India
by T. I. Eldho, Navya Chandu and Kashish Sadhwani
Sustainability 2023, 15(18), 13459; https://doi.org/10.3390/su151813459 - 8 Sep 2023
Viewed by 900
Abstract
The Western Ghats (WG) in South India is a biological hotspot with a cluster of small river basins and heterogeneous climate and vegetation patterns, and it is categorized under the water stress region by Central Water Commission (CWC). This study aims to evaluate [...] Read more.
The Western Ghats (WG) in South India is a biological hotspot with a cluster of small river basins and heterogeneous climate and vegetation patterns, and it is categorized under the water stress region by Central Water Commission (CWC). This study aims to evaluate the effects of climate change and land use/land cover (LULC) transformations on water balance components and irrigation water demand (IWD) across different regions of WG for a future period (2020–2050). The variable infiltration capacity model has been calibrated separately for the upper, middle, and lower regions of WG. Further, climate projections from the CMIP6 experiment (SSP2 45/SSP5 85) have been used for future projections of water balance components. The land use change shows an increase in built-up (5.79%) and a decrease in cultivable land (1.24%) by the end of 2030 from 1995. The combined impact due to climate and LULC change shows that the future rainfall/runoff increases in the lower regions of the basin by 100/36.5 mm/year through SSP 4.5. However, the summer months show an increasing water requirement in the future for the Ghats and Nilgiri regions of the basin. The present regional-based study will be useful for future agriculture water management practices in the region for sustainable development and the study can be extended to other similar regions. Full article
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17 pages, 8804 KiB  
Article
Evaluation of Spatial-Temporal Variation of Soil Loss and Best Conservation Measures in an East Africa Catchment
by Melese Baye Hailu, Surendra Kumar Mishra and Sanjay K. Jain
Sustainability 2023, 15(10), 7778; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15107778 - 9 May 2023
Viewed by 1625
Abstract
Soil conservation (SC) is essential to maintain the reservoir service life and increase the yield since soil erosion is a major global concern that adversely affects not only the storage capacity but also the land fertility. This study evaluates the spatio-temporal variation of [...] Read more.
Soil conservation (SC) is essential to maintain the reservoir service life and increase the yield since soil erosion is a major global concern that adversely affects not only the storage capacity but also the land fertility. This study evaluates the spatio-temporal variation of soil erosion using the popular SWAT model and identifies the best SC practice for Tekeze watershed located in the Northern part of Ethiopia. To accomplish this, four soil conservation management scenarios involving baseline, terracing, contouring, and grassed waterway scenarios are selected for soil loss evaluation. The SWAT model was calibrated and validated with R2 values of 0.7 and 0.9 and NSE values of 0.8 and 0.7, respectively, indicating satisfactory model performance. Five sub-basins of the catchment were found to be more susceptible to erosion with an average annual soil loss of 25.15 tons/ha/yr. Employment of the proposed SC measures in the sub-watershed erosion was reduced by 35.18%, 27.11%, and 18.76%, respectively, which is significant when compared with the baseline scenario. Since the investment cost of execution of an SC measure in a large watershed is very high, priority areas are also identified for cost savings as well as improved work efficiency. Full article
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