Special Issue "Feature Review Papers"

A special issue of Processes (ISSN 2227-9717). This special issue belongs to the section "Other Topics".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 29 February 2020.

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Dr. Juergen Hahn
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Chemical & Biological Engineering, Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY 12180, USA
Interests: systems biology; parameter estimation; experimental design; modeling
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Volker Hessel
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Faculty of Engineering, Computer and Mathematical Sciences, School of Chemical Engineering, University of Adelaide, Adelaide SA 5005, Australia
Interests: micro process technology; flow chemistry; process intensification; green processing; sustainability (life cycle assessment, cost analysis)
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Martha A Grover
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
School of Chemical & Biomolecular Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, 311 Ferst Dr. NW, Atlanta, GA 30332-0100, USA
Interests: self-assembly, dynamic programming, experimental design
Assoc. Prof. Dr. John D. Hedengren
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Chemical Engineering , 350 CB, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, 84602, USA
Interests: advanced process control; APMonitor software; drilling automation; nonlinear optimization; state estimation; unmanned aerial vehicles
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Fausto Gallucci
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Eindhoven University of Technology, Department of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry, Inorganic Membranes and Membrane Reactors Research Group, Room 1.45, Helix-west, Eindhoven, Netherlands
Interests: Process design and intensification; Membrane and membrane reactors; Separation technologies
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Prof. Dr. Thomas A. Adams II
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Chemical Engineering, McMaster University, 1280 Main Street West, Hamilton Ontario, Canada L8S 4L7
Interests: sustainable energy conversion processes; modelling and simulation; new technologies for sustainable liquid fuel production; semi-continuous chemical separation processes
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

This Special Issue is designed to publish high-quality review papers in Processes. The issue will highlight a diverse set of topics related to process and systems technology for chemical, materials, biochemical, pharmaceutical, and biomedical applications. The scope of this Special Issue includes, but is not limited to: chemical and biochemical processes; cellular systems; material manufacturing; and systems modeling, simulation, optimization, and control. We are particularly interested in receiving manuscripts that review experimental and theoretical/computational studies as well as contributions from the industry.

Prof. Dr. Juergen Hahn
Prof. Dr. Volker Hessel
Prof. Dr. Martha A Grover
Prof. Dr. John D. Hedengren
Prof. Dr. Fausto Gallucci
Prof. Dr. Thomas A. Adams II
Section Editors-in-Chief

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Processes is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1400 CHF (Swiss Francs). Please note that for papers submitted after 30 June 2020 an APC of 1500 CHF applies. Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Biomedical systems 
  • Chemical processes
  • Computational systems biology 
  • Dynamic modeling
  • Materials manufacturing 
  • Microbial systems 
  • Process control and optimization

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Review

Open AccessReview
Optimization Methods for the Extraction of Vegetable Oils: A Review
Processes 2020, 8(2), 209; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8020209 - 08 Feb 2020
Abstract
Most seed oils are edible while some are used generally as raw material for soap production, chocolate, margarine, and recently in biodiesel formulations as potential candidates capable of replacing fossil fuels which are costly and destructive to the environment. Oilseeds are a green [...] Read more.
Most seed oils are edible while some are used generally as raw material for soap production, chocolate, margarine, and recently in biodiesel formulations as potential candidates capable of replacing fossil fuels which are costly and destructive to the environment. Oilseeds are a green and major reservoir which when properly exploited can be used sustainably for the production of chemicals at both the laboratory and industrial scales. Oil extraction is one of the most critical steps in seed oil processing because it determines the quality and quantity of oil extracted. Optimization of the extraction conditions for each extraction method enhances yield and quality meanwhile a carefully chosen optimization process equally has the potential of saving time and heat requirements with an associated consequence on cost reduction of the entire process. In this review, the techniques used to optimize oil extraction from plant materials which can be consulted by stakeholders in the field are brought to focus and the merits and demerits of these methods highlighted. Additionally, different types of optimization techniques used for various processes including modeling and the software employed in the optimization processes are discussed. Finally, the quality of the oil as affected by the methods of extraction and the optimization process used are also presented. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Review Papers)
Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Interfacial Thermal Conductivity and Its Anisotropy
Processes 2020, 8(1), 27; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr8010027 - 24 Dec 2019
Abstract
There is a significant effort in miniaturizing nanodevices, such as semi-conductors, currently underway. However, a major challenge that is a significant bottleneck is dissipating heat generated in these energy-intensive nanodevices. In addition to being a serious operational concern (high temperatures can interfere with [...] Read more.
There is a significant effort in miniaturizing nanodevices, such as semi-conductors, currently underway. However, a major challenge that is a significant bottleneck is dissipating heat generated in these energy-intensive nanodevices. In addition to being a serious operational concern (high temperatures can interfere with their efficient operation), it is a serious safety concern, as has been documented in recent reports of explosions resulting from many such overheated devices. A significant barrier to heat dissipation is the interfacial films present in these nanodevices. These interfacial films generally are not an issue in macro-devices. The research presented in this paper was an attempt to understand these interfacial resistances at the molecular level, and present possibilities for enhancing the heat dissipation rates in interfaces. We demonstrated that the thermal resistances of these interfaces were strongly anisotropic; i.e., the resistance parallel to the interface was significantly smaller than the resistance perpendicular to the interface. While the latter is well-known—usually referred to as Kapitza resistance—the anisotropy and the parallel component have previously been investigated only for solid-solid interfaces. We used molecular dynamics simulations to investigate the density profiles at the interface as a function of temperature and temperature gradient, to reveal the underlying physics of the anisotropy of thermal conductivity at solid-liquid, liquid-liquid, and solid-solid interfaces. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Review Papers)
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Open AccessReview
The State of Art in Particle Swarm Optimization Based Unit Commitment: A Review
Processes 2019, 7(10), 733; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7100733 - 14 Oct 2019
Abstract
Unit Commitment (UC) requires the optimization of the operation of generation units with varying loads, at every hour, under different technical and environmental constraints. Many solution techniques were developed for the UC problem, and the researchers are still working on improving the efficiency [...] Read more.
Unit Commitment (UC) requires the optimization of the operation of generation units with varying loads, at every hour, under different technical and environmental constraints. Many solution techniques were developed for the UC problem, and the researchers are still working on improving the efficiency of these techniques. Particle swarm optimization (PSO) is an effective and efficient technique used for solving the UC problems, and it has gotten a considerable amount of attention in recent years. This study provides a state-of-the-art literature review on UC studies utilizing PSO or PSO-variant algorithms, by focusing on research articles published in the last decade. In this study, these algorithms/methods, objectives, constraints are reviewed, with focus on the UC problems that include at least one of the wind and solar technologies, along with thermal unit(s). Although, conventional PSO is one of the most effective techniques used in solving UC problem, other methods were also developed in literature to improve the convergence. In this study, these methods are grouped as extended PSO, modified PSO, and PSO with other techniques. This study shows that PSO with other techniques are utilized more than any other methods. In terms of constraints, it was observed that there are only few studies that considered Transmission Line (TL), Fuel (F), Emission (E), Storage (St) and Crew (Cr) constraints, while Power Balance (PB), Generation limit (GL), Unit minimum Up or Down Time (U/DT), Ramp Up or Ramp Down Time (R-U/DT) and system Spinning Reserve (SR) were the most utilized constraints in UC problems considering wind/solar as a renewable source. In addition, most of the studies are based on a single objective function (cost minimization) and, few of them are multi-objective (cost and emission minimization) based studies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Review Papers)
Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Recombinant Proteins for Industrial versus Pharmaceutical Purposes: A Review of Process and Pricing
Processes 2019, 7(8), 476; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7080476 - 24 Jul 2019
Cited by 2
Abstract
Recombinant proteins have been produced for over 30 years. Applications range from enzymes used in laundry detergents to antigen-detecting antibodies in cancer therapy. Despite similarities in manufacturing, drastic differences in retail pricing between recombinant proteins used for industrial (non-medical) versus pharmaceutical purposes exist. [...] Read more.
Recombinant proteins have been produced for over 30 years. Applications range from enzymes used in laundry detergents to antigen-detecting antibodies in cancer therapy. Despite similarities in manufacturing, drastic differences in retail pricing between recombinant proteins used for industrial (non-medical) versus pharmaceutical purposes exist. Industrial proteins often have a retail price in the tens of dollars per kilogram while recombinant proteins for medical use may cost billions of dollars per kilogram. This manuscript will briefly review manufacturing techniques and contrast the differences between industrial versus pharmaceutical production. Maximizing manufacturing technologies to reduce cost-of-goods (CoG) is desirable. However, the major reason for the very high pricing of pharma protein products does not reflect CoG, but the financial obligations of clinical trials, research and development, patent constraints, marketing, and return on investment. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Review Papers)
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Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Do Bioreactor Designs with More Efficient Oxygen Supply to Ovarian Cortical Tissue Fragments Enhance Follicle Viability and Growth In Vitro?
Processes 2019, 7(7), 450; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7070450 - 15 Jul 2019
Cited by 1
Abstract
Background: Autotransplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue is currently the main option to preserve fertility for cancer patients. To avoid cancer cell reintroduction at transplantation, a multi-step culture system has been proposed to obtain fully competent oocytes for in vitro fertilization. Current in vitro [...] Read more.
Background: Autotransplantation of cryopreserved ovarian tissue is currently the main option to preserve fertility for cancer patients. To avoid cancer cell reintroduction at transplantation, a multi-step culture system has been proposed to obtain fully competent oocytes for in vitro fertilization. Current in vitro systems are limited by the low number and health of secondary follicles produced during the first step culture of ovarian tissue fragments. To overcome such limitations, bioreactor designs have been proposed to enhance oxygen supply to the tissue, with inconsistent results. This retrospective study investigates, on theoretical grounds, whether the lack of a rational design of the proposed bioreactors prevented the full exploitation of follicle growth potential. Methods: Models describing oxygen transport in bioreactors and tissue were developed and used to predict oxygen availability inside ovarian tissue in the pertinent literature. Results: The proposed theoretical analysis suggests that a successful outcome is associated with enhanced oxygen availability in the cultured tissue in the considered bioreactor designs. This suggests that a rational approach to bioreactor design for ovarian tissue culture in vitro may help exploit tissue potential to support follicle growth. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Review Papers)
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Open AccessFeature PaperReview
The Use of Polymers in the Flotation Treatment of Wastewater
Processes 2019, 7(6), 374; https://doi.org/10.3390/pr7060374 - 17 Jun 2019
Cited by 2
Abstract
The use of flotation for the treatment of wastewaters in general, but especially for the removal of oil, grease, general organic matter, and suspended solids, is well established as a low energy process. Polyelectrolytes (PEs) can enhance performance without adding to the solids [...] Read more.
The use of flotation for the treatment of wastewaters in general, but especially for the removal of oil, grease, general organic matter, and suspended solids, is well established as a low energy process. Polyelectrolytes (PEs) can enhance performance without adding to the solids load that occurs with inorganic additives such as alum. The bridging of pollutants and the attachment of the resulting aggregates to the air-water interface can be effectively carried out with most wastewaters. Hydrophobic modification of the PEs can be useful for difficult species. It should be applied to the flotation of polyfluoroalkyl substances, for example, as they are not amenable to economical conventional treatment. Similarly, the removal of microplastic particles from sewage effluents by flotation could be enhanced. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Feature Review Papers)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

1. Prof. Iqbal Mujtaba from University of Bradford
A review on MED Desalination area

2. Prof. Jacky Huang from Villanova University
A review on the modeling work done in T-cell related processes

3. Prof. Faruque Hasan from Texas A&M University Engineering

4. Prof. Chih-hung (Alex) Chang from Oregon State University

5. Dr. Karthik Rajendran from University College Cork
A review on Bioenergy systems with carbon capture, storage and utilization

6. Prof. Basu Saha from London South Bank University

7. Dr. Nils Haneklaus from RWTH Aachen University
A review of the optimisation methods of oil extraction from plant seeds

8. Prof. Gerardo Catapano from Università della Calabria
A review of the bioreactors proposed for the in vitro culture of ovarian cortical tissue with the aim to increase the efficiency of current in vitro fertilization techniques

9. Dr. Zongli Xie from The Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation
A Review on The Use of Polymers in the Flotation Treatment of Wastewater

10. Dr. Divine Bup Nde from University of Bamenda

11. Prof. Selen Cremaschi from Auburn University

12. Prof. Sohail Murad from Illinois Institute of Technology
A review on Heat Transfer Across and Along Interfaces

13. Prof. Jinfeng Liu and Prof. Biao Huang from University of Alberta
A review paper on reinforcement learning and its applications in process control

14. Prof. Ali Cinar from Illinois Institute of Technology
A review on Automated Treatment of Chronic Diseases:  Artificial Pancreas Systems for Glucose Regulation in Type 1 Diabetes

15. Dr. Lintao Zhang from Swansea University

16. Dr. Robert Dürr from Institut für Automatisierungstechnik (IFAT)
A review on approximate moment methods in particle- and bioprocess engineering

17. Dr. Francisco Manuel Baena from Universidad de Sevilla
A review on membrane distillation as potential low-energy process

18. Prof. Jeffrey Varner from Cornell University
A review on looking at evolution of cell free systems as next generation manufacturing platforms

19.Prof. Konstantinos Kyprianidis, Dr. Anders Avelin and Mr. Moksadur Rahman from Mälardalen University Sweden
A review on the modelling, control and diagnostics of Kraft pulping process

20. Prof. Fernando V. Lima from West Virginia University
A review on Challenges and Opportunities on Nonlinear State Estimation

21. Dr. Andrew S. Paluch from Miami University
Review of the solubility parameter based method MOSCED for early stage process development and design

22. Prof. Farhad Ein-Mozaffari from Ryerson University
A critical review of the application of CFD-DEM in the simulation of solid–liquid systems

23. Prof. Alexander Penlidis from University of Waterloo
A review on Polymeric Materials for Enhanced Oil Recovery - Recent Developments and Best Practices

24. Prof. LTC Corey James from United States Military Academy

25. Prof. Wurm Florian Maria from Swiss Federal Institute of Technology Lausanne
A Comparison Between Recombinant Proteins Manufactured for Industrial versus Pharmaceutical Purposes

 26. Prof. Alain VANDE WOUWER from University of Mons
A review of extremum seeking strategies with applications to biochemical systems.

27. Prof. Xiang Li from Queen's University
A review on optimization of microgrids

 

 

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