Special Issue "Innovative Technologies & Approaches in Agro-Ecosystems"

A special issue of Plants (ISSN 2223-7747). This special issue belongs to the section "Plant–Soil Interactions".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2022 | Viewed by 3469

Special Issue Editors

Dr. Olga Panfilova
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Russian Research Institute of Fruit Crop Breeding (VNIISPK), Zhilina, Orel District, 302530 Orel Region, Russia
Interests: horticulture, apple, red currant, black currant, strawberry, raspberry, breeding, adaptation, plant physiology, biochemistry, plant anatomy, plant morphology, agricultural technology, plant introduction, drought resistance, heat resistance, winter hardiness
Dr. Sebastián Meier Romero
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
INIA Carillanca, Temuco, Vilcun, Araucania, Chile
Interests: Soil science and plant nutrition, soil management, environmental sciences
Dr. Alex Seguel Fuentealba
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Scientífic and Technological Bioresourse Núcleus - BIOREN / Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile
Interests: Plant-mycorrhizal interactions, Soil Science, Al tolerance, P deficiency and biotechnology applied to agricultural crops

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

The transition to the adaptive intensification of crop production focuses the development of agriculture on resource and energy efficiency, environmental safety, and profitability. Competitive technologies are the basis for the innovative development of the domestic market for products and services. They ensure the transition to a highly productive and environmentally friendly agro-economy, the development and implementation of systems for the rational use of chemical and biological protection of crops and animals, storage and efficient processing of products, and the production of safe, high-quality, and functional food. Thanks to the accumulated scientific and practical results, the exploitation of innovative technologies and solutions is rapidly increasing in different spheres of human activities, including agroecosystems (plant and animal food production). Competitive technologies in crop production will ensure the formation of high production potential and the management of its optimal implementation with minimal financial and material costs for specific agroecological aspects. New accelerated breeding technologies are being developed to create stable and highly productive genomes. The use of predictive breeding makes it possible to combine information on natural and climatic conditions with agrotechnology and imposes it on genomic-level research. Adapting specific agro-technical/-technological measures can enable a wide spectrum of land, water, crop, and livestock management solutions (e.g., conservation, organic, integrative, or free-range farming) to control and avoid harmful impacts on (Agri)ecosystems. Targeted applications of agrochemicals in novel forms and some advanced solutions (e.g., nano-fertilizers/minerals, nano-pesticides, nano-filtration of greywater) have emerged as promising strategies and alternatives to alleviate environmental constraints (water stress, nutrient deficiencies) and increase food production under different (a)biotic conditions. The detection and monitoring of key constraints and stressors in (agro)ecosystems have become instant and accurate due to advanced probes integrated with remote-sensing and IoT solutions. This ensures inputs for big data operations, which can output modeled scenarios (supported by artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms) in different climate change conditions. Therefore, multidisciplinary approaches to address challenges in the food sector will most likely provide more sustainable and proactive solutions for agroecosystems in the future.

All types of manuscripts are welcome, with topics covered in this Special Issue including, but not being limited to, the following keywords.

Prof. Dr. Gabrijel Ondrasek
Dr. Olga Panfilova
Dr. Sebastián Meier Romero
Dr. Alex Seguel Fuentealba
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Plants is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • Land and water management
  • Crop and livestock production
  • Plant protection
  • Pest management
  • Bioengineering
  • Biotechnology
  • Breeding and genetics
  • Remote sensing
  • Applied statistics
  • Modeling approaches
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Machine learning
  • Experimental & applied plant science
  • Plant biogeography
  • Plant taxonomy
  • Ecology
  • Phytocenology
  • Agroecosystem
  • Bioengineering
  • Agrotechnology
  • Genetics
  • Physiology
  • Ecophysiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Storage biochemistry
  • Big-data mining
  • Modeling
  • Machine learning

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Article
Genetic Diversity and Pedigree Analysis of Red Currant Germplasm
Plants 2022, 11(13), 1623; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11131623 - 21 Jun 2022
Viewed by 245
Abstract
This represents the first report on the genetic diversity of red currant germplasm collections based on genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) data. Genotypes of 75 individuals of different origin were assessed in more than 7.5K genome positions. Multidimensional scaling (MDS) analysis has been performed. There are [...] Read more.
This represents the first report on the genetic diversity of red currant germplasm collections based on genotyping-by-sequencing (GBS) data. Genotypes of 75 individuals of different origin were assessed in more than 7.5K genome positions. Multidimensional scaling (MDS) analysis has been performed. There are five accessions that are significantly isolated from each other and from the rest of the analyzed cultivars. F1 offspring of R. petraeum Wulf (Rote Hollandische) and Gondouin, as well as Rote Spatlese (F2 of R. petraeum and F2 of R. multiflorum Kit.), are the most genetically isolated on the MDS plot. Ribes multiflorum is closer to the rest of cultivars than the three abovementioned accessions. Purpurnaya cultivar (F1 of Rote Spatlese) is located between Rote Hollandische and R. multiflorum. Other genotypes, mostly represented by varieties having several species in a pedigree, occupied the rest of MDS plot relatively evenly. Descendants of R. multiflorum have been placed in the left part of MDS plot, which underlines their genetic diversity from other accessions. White- and pink-fruited cultivars were clustered together, underlining genetic relatedness. Admixture analysis of GBS data reveals six clusters (K = 6). Presumably, clustering reflects relatedness to R. petraeum, R. rubrum, R. vulgare var macrocarpum, R. multiflorum, R. vulgare, and Jonker van Tets. Based on genotyping data, F1 offspring of R. warscewiczs Jancz (cultivar Viksne), R. altissimum Turcz (Cirald), and R. palczewskii (Jancz.) Pojark (Skorospelaya) have not exhibited strict separation and were placed in a pool with other varieties. This supports modern taxonomic classifications that do not consider R. altissimum and R. palczewskii as independent species. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Technologies & Approaches in Agro-Ecosystems)
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Article
Environmentally Friendly Wheat Farming: Biological and Economic Efficiency of Three Treatments to Control Fungal Diseases in Winter Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under Field Conditions
Plants 2022, 11(12), 1566; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11121566 - 14 Jun 2022
Viewed by 335
Abstract
The control of wheat diseases using bioagents is not well studied under field conditions. The present study was aimed at investigating, during four consecutive growing seasons (2017–2020), the efficacy of two integrated crop protection (ICP) systems to control the common wheat diseases for [...] Read more.
The control of wheat diseases using bioagents is not well studied under field conditions. The present study was aimed at investigating, during four consecutive growing seasons (2017–2020), the efficacy of two integrated crop protection (ICP) systems to control the common wheat diseases for enhancing the productivity and profitability of winter wheat crops and ensuring nutritional and food security. Two environmental-friendly treatments were tested, biological (T1), which contained bioagents and fertilizers, and combined (T2), which included fertilizers and bioagents coupled with lower doses of fungicides. The chemical treatment (T3) was used for comparison with (T1) and (T2). Furthermore, two Russian winter wheat varieties (Nemchinovskaya 17 (V1) and Moscovskaya 40 (V2)) were studied. A randomized complete block design was used with four replicates. Diseases infestation rates for snow mold (SM), root rot (RR), powdery mildew (PM), and Fusarium (Fus), yield performances, and grain quality (measured through protein content) were determined according to the tested treatments, and the economic efficiency was calculated for each treatment. The combined treatment (T2) was the most effective against fungal diseases with 1.8% (SM), 1.2% (RR), 0.9% (PM), and 0.9% (Fus). The highest grain yield (6.8 t·ha−1), protein content (15.2%), and 1000-grain weight (43.7%) were observed for winter wheat variety Moscovskaya 40 with the combined treatment (T2). The highest number of productive stems (N.P.S) (556 stems/m2) was attained for combined treatment (T2), followed by biological treatment (T1) (552 stems/m2) with the variety Nemchinovskaya 17. The profitability (cost–benefit ratio) of the combined treatment (T2) was 2.38 with the Moscovskaya 40 variety (V2), while 2.03 was recorded for the biological treatment. Applying environmentally friendly combined and biological treatments resulted in high wheat yield and net income, as well as healthy products. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Technologies & Approaches in Agro-Ecosystems)
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Article
Sustainable Intensification of a Rice–Maize System through Conservation Agriculture to Enhance System Productivity in Southern India
Plants 2022, 11(9), 1229; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11091229 - 01 May 2022
Viewed by 572
Abstract
Integrated management of rice–maize systems is an emerging challenge in southern India due to improper rice residues and tillage management in maize crops. Conservation agriculture (CA) practices such as a reduced tillage and maintaining stubble mulch may hold the potential to increase yields, [...] Read more.
Integrated management of rice–maize systems is an emerging challenge in southern India due to improper rice residues and tillage management in maize crops. Conservation agriculture (CA) practices such as a reduced tillage and maintaining stubble mulch may hold the potential to increase yields, reduce crop establishment costs and increase farm incomes. A five-year trial was performed to study the effect of different CA and establishment methods in rice on system productivity, profitability, and soil carbon status in a rice–maize system. In the rainy season, the trial consisted of two main treatments: (i) normal manual transplanting and (ii) direct-wet seeding, and three sub-main treatments at different sowing dates with fifteen day intervals. In addition, in the winter season, two tillage treatments (conventional and minimum tillage) were imposed over the rainy season treatments. Both rice and maize were grown under irrigated conditions. The results showed that sowing times at 15 day intervals did not impact the yield significantly. Transplanted rice obtained a significantly higher grain yield during the first four years, but in the last year, the yield was similar in both of the establishment methods. In the winter season, conventional tilled maize recorded a higher cob yield than under the minimum tilled treatment, except for the last year, where both the tillage treatment effects were the same. System productivity of CA-based minimum tilled rice–maize was inferior during the first three years but was superior to the conventionally tilled method in the fourth and fifth year. Pooled analysis revealed that the conventionally tilled rice–maize system resulted in a similar system productivity as that of the CA during the study period. The cost–benefit analysis revealed that transplanted rice and conventionally tilled maize fetched higher net returns of INR 111,074 and INR 101,658/ha, respectively, over the direct-wet seeded rice and CA. In addition, the 15 July rice sown followed by the maize system led to an increase in irrigation water productivity by 15.7%, and the total water (irrigation + rainfall) productivity by 27.1% in the maize crop compared with the 30 July sown system. The CA-based rice–maize system resulted in a significantly higher very labile (0.194%) and labile (0.196%) carbon concentration at a 0–5 cm depth of soil compared to those under the conventional system. Thus, CA can be recommended for southern India and similar agro-ecological tropic and sub-tropic conditions. This system can be followed with appropriate location-specific modification in South-Asian countries, where crop yields and soil health are declining as a result of continuous cereal–cereal crop rotation. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Technologies & Approaches in Agro-Ecosystems)
Article
Creation and Use of Highly Adaptive Productive and Technological Red Currant Genotypes to Improve the Assortment and Introduction into Different Ecological and Geographical Zones
Plants 2022, 11(6), 802; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11060802 - 17 Mar 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 567
Abstract
Global climate change with the cyclicity of natural and climatic processes in the growing season of berry plants, causes weakening at the defense system to (a)biotic stressors, which actualize the need for accelerated cultivar-improving breeding. A new hybrid red currant material was obtained [...] Read more.
Global climate change with the cyclicity of natural and climatic processes in the growing season of berry plants, causes weakening at the defense system to (a)biotic stressors, which actualize the need for accelerated cultivar-improving breeding. A new hybrid red currant material was obtained and studied by the method of interspecific hybridization. Correlation analysis was used to assess the relationship between adaptively significant and economical and biological traits. To assess intergenotypic variability, hierarchical clustering was used according to the studied features, which allowed combining three standard methods of multidimensional data analysis. Genotypes adapted to different stressors were identified. The genotypes 271-58-24, 44-5-2, 261-65-19, and ‘Jonkheer van Tets’ were found to have a higher ratio of bound water to free water as compared with the others. Moreover, the genotypes of 271-58-24, 261-65-19, 77-1-47, and ‘Jonkheer van Tets’ were found to have less cold damage during the cold periods. The two most productive genotypes were found to be the genotypes 44-5-2, 143-23-35, and 1426-21-80. A dependence of yield on the beginning of differentiation of flower buds, which led to the abundance of flower inflorescences, was revealed. Rapid restoration of leaf hydration ensured successful adaptation of genotypes to the “temperature shock” of the growing season. The genotypes 271-58-24 and ‘Jonkheer van Tets’ were then observed to be far from the test traits and none of these traits were observed to characterize these two genotypes. The genotypes of 261-65-19 and 77-1-47 were then observed to be characterized by their high stability to Cecidophyopsis ribis scores. Genotypes 261-65-19 and 271-58-24, obtained with the participation of ‘Jonkheer van Tets’ as the maternal form, showed sufficient resistance to Pseudopeziza ribis and Cecidophyopsis ribis. Overall results suggested that the hydration recovery of red currant plants is significantly important for a yield improvement. A new cultivar ’Podarok Pobediteliam (genotype 44-5-2) was obtained that meets the requirements of intensive gardening and is characterized by high adaptability, productivity, and technological effectiveness. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Innovative Technologies & Approaches in Agro-Ecosystems)
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Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Polymorphisms of the self-incompatibility locus of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) species presented in the VNIISPK genotypes collection.

Bezlepkina E.V.  , cand. biol. sci.; Gulyaeva A.A.  , cand. agr. sci.; Efremov I.N.   Junior Researcher

Russian Research Institute of Fruit Crop Breeding (VNIISPK)

 

Abstract: Self-incompatibility is one of the most important mechanisms used by flowering plants to prevent self-fertilization and, consequently, to provide the genetic diversity of population. The self-incompatibility in Prunus is controlled by two genes as minimum: S (self-incompatibility) and SFB (S haplotype-specific F-box protein).  S gene is represented in the population by a multiple allele series. Compatibility in pollination is dependent on the S allele combination of the cultivars. The investigation of the S gene allele polymorphism of sweet cherry cultivars was performed used as consensus (PaConsI, PaConsII), as allele-specific primers.

 

Systemic treatment of mineral nutrition and light radiation on the physicochemical indicators of the development of tomatoes grown in closed agroecosystems

Inna Knyazeva, Alexei Dorokhov, Oksana Vershinina, Vladimir Gudimo

Federal State Scientific Institution «Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM» 1st Institutskiy proezd, 5, 109428, Moscow, Russia

 

Abstract: Currently, in connection with the interest of consumers in ecologically safe food, the search for new highly effective methods of growing and improving the quality of finished vegetable products in closed agroecosystems is urgent. Tomato plants were grown hydroponically in climatic chambers produced by VIM (Russia) using drip irrigation technology. Experimental studies to develop the basic principles of optimization and management of nutritional and light regimes were carried out with a mid-season tomato hybrid ‘Sevance’ (Netherlands). The purpose of this study was to study the composition of mineral nutrition in combination with a radiation source for the physicochemical parameters of tomatoes grown in controlled conditions of climatic chambers. The hydroponics system included two types of mineral fertilizers: one option - the complex fertilizer FERTIKA Kristalon Scarlet and the second version of the developed recipe based on mineral fertilizers from the Ruskhim company (Russia). Combined LED-based irradiators of various spectral composition and HPS high-pressure sodium lamps were used as a radiation source. To increase the nutritional efficiency of tomatoes grown on a soilless substrate (mineral wool) under controlled conditions, the features of antioxidant activity, carotenoid composition (lycopene), and the content of polyphenols were studied. We compared different sources of radiation depending on the mineral nutrition for the quantitative and qualitative content of monosaccharides (fructose and glucose), disaccharides (sucrose) and the vitamin complex (В₁, В₂ and В₄) in tomato fruits. The results of the action of the studied factors on the content of photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a, b and carotenoids) in the leaves of ‘Sevance’ are considered. Analyzes were carried out on the accumulation of mineral substances by plants based on the content of anions (chloride, nitrate, sulfate, phosphate ions) and cations (ammonium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, calcium) in tomato fruits. It is known that the palatability of tomato fruits depends on a set of indicators, but the main role in this belongs to the content of dry and ash substances, dietary fiber, vitamin C, acids, sugars and their ratio, which were also analyzed. In this regard, the optimization of mineral nutrition in the system of light radiation can be considered from the standpoint of the participation of nutrients directly in the synthesis of organic matter under normal metabolic processes that ensure the growth and productivity of tomato plants under controlled conditions.

 

The use of elements of organic gardening in the cultivation of blackberries in the conditions of central Russia

Lidia Gruner, Boris Kornilov

Russian Research Institute of Fruit Crop Breeding, Orel, Russia

 

Abstract: The study was undertaken, first of all, in connection with the low winter hardiness of blackberries in the conditions of the central region of Russia. The results of the use of environmentally friendly preparations of a new generation to increase the endurance and productivity of blackberry plants in the unstable climatic conditions of this region have been obtained. The preparations are organo-mineral complexes of natural origin, created by the Russian manufacturer - LLC "Group of Companies AgroPlus" and recommended for widespread use. A three-year study of the action of these phytomodulators on blackberry plants has shown their effectiveness as protectors during overwintering of this crop in combination with winter shelter. The positive effect of the preparations was also revealed on the productivity and commercial qualities of berries, resistance to harmful organisms. The main object of the study was the American variety of creeping blackberry, Thornfree, widespread in Russia, and a number of other varieties. The treatment of plants with the preparations was carried out mainly in the form of foliar dressing according to the scheme recommended by the manufacturer. Among these preparations, a long-acting soil conditioner was also used, introduced into the root zone of plants in the form of granules, which provided better conditions for the root system of blackberries in the dry growing season compared to the control. In general, the complex use of the tested drugs can be recommended as an effective agricultural technique in organic gardening when growing blackberries.

 

Interspecific crosses in breeding of industrial gooseberries

Kurashev О.V., Titova J.G., Ozherelieva Z.Е., Knyazev S.D.

Russian Research Institute of Fruit Crop Breeding (VNIISPK), Zhilina, Orel Region 302530, Orel district, Russia

 

Abstract: Gooseberries, along with other commercial berry crops, have important nutritional and medicinal value. At the same time, for optimal cultivation of this crop, an important (main) role is played by the presence of cultivars with such economically useful parameters as resistance to diseases and pests, yield, high commercial qualities of berries and suitability for combine harvesting. Breeding studies were carried out with the involvement of hybrid forms based on the genetic basis of two species in interspecific crosses Grossularia reclinata and Grossularia robusta. At the same time, the species Grossularia robusta was involved in crosses as a donor of compact bush habit and high resistance to American powdery mildew. As a result of combined breeding with Grossularia robusta, promising hybrid forms have been identified, characterized by high resistance to American powdery mildew, high quality of berries and compact bush habit. These forms are the basis for obtaining highly profitable commercial cultivars of gooseberries of industrial type.

Highlights: As a result of combined breeding with Grossularia robusta, promising hybrid forms have been identified, characterized by high resistance to American powdery mildew, high quality of berries and compact bush habit. These forms are the basis for obtaining highly profitable commercial cultivars of gooseberries of industrial type.

 

 

 

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