Special Issue "Innovative Technologies & Approaches in Agro-Ecosystems"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2022 | Viewed by 3469
Interests: agroecosystems; sustainable soil and water management; salinization; salt stress; trace elements; Cd soil-plant transfer
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals
Special Issue in Agronomy: COVID-19 Crises & Implications to Agri-Food Sector
Special Issue in International Journal of Molecular Sciences: Bio-Based Aluminosilicates: From Waste to Precursor in Medical & Biotech Applications
Special Issue in Agronomy: Agroecology, Organic Agriculture and Energy Efficiency of Food Production
Special Issue in Plants: Advances in Strategies & Solutions against Abiotic Stresses in Crops under Climate Changes
Interests: horticulture, apple, red currant, black currant, strawberry, raspberry, breeding, adaptation, plant physiology, biochemistry, plant anatomy, plant morphology, agricultural technology, plant introduction, drought resistance, heat resistance, winter hardiness
Interests: Soil science and plant nutrition, soil management, environmental sciences
The transition to the adaptive intensification of crop production focuses the development of agriculture on resource and energy efficiency, environmental safety, and profitability. Competitive technologies are the basis for the innovative development of the domestic market for products and services. They ensure the transition to a highly productive and environmentally friendly agro-economy, the development and implementation of systems for the rational use of chemical and biological protection of crops and animals, storage and efficient processing of products, and the production of safe, high-quality, and functional food. Thanks to the accumulated scientific and practical results, the exploitation of innovative technologies and solutions is rapidly increasing in different spheres of human activities, including agroecosystems (plant and animal food production). Competitive technologies in crop production will ensure the formation of high production potential and the management of its optimal implementation with minimal financial and material costs for specific agroecological aspects. New accelerated breeding technologies are being developed to create stable and highly productive genomes. The use of predictive breeding makes it possible to combine information on natural and climatic conditions with agrotechnology and imposes it on genomic-level research. Adapting specific agro-technical/-technological measures can enable a wide spectrum of land, water, crop, and livestock management solutions (e.g., conservation, organic, integrative, or free-range farming) to control and avoid harmful impacts on (Agri)ecosystems. Targeted applications of agrochemicals in novel forms and some advanced solutions (e.g., nano-fertilizers/minerals, nano-pesticides, nano-filtration of greywater) have emerged as promising strategies and alternatives to alleviate environmental constraints (water stress, nutrient deficiencies) and increase food production under different (a)biotic conditions. The detection and monitoring of key constraints and stressors in (agro)ecosystems have become instant and accurate due to advanced probes integrated with remote-sensing and IoT solutions. This ensures inputs for big data operations, which can output modeled scenarios (supported by artificial intelligence and machine learning algorithms) in different climate change conditions. Therefore, multidisciplinary approaches to address challenges in the food sector will most likely provide more sustainable and proactive solutions for agroecosystems in the future.
All types of manuscripts are welcome, with topics covered in this Special Issue including, but not being limited to, the following keywords.
Prof. Dr. Gabrijel Ondrasek
Dr. Olga Panfilova
Dr. Sebastián Meier Romero
Dr. Alex Seguel Fuentealba
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Plants is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Land and water management
- Crop and livestock production
- Plant protection
- Pest management
- Breeding and genetics
- Remote sensing
- Applied statistics
- Modeling approaches
- Artificial intelligence
- Machine learning
- Experimental & applied plant science
- Plant biogeography
- Plant taxonomy
- Storage biochemistry
- Big-data mining
- Machine learning
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Polymorphisms of the self-incompatibility locus of sweet cherry (Prunus avium L.) species presented in the VNIISPK genotypes collection.
Bezlepkina E.V. , cand. biol. sci.; Gulyaeva A.A. , cand. agr. sci.; Efremov I.N. Junior Researcher
Russian Research Institute of Fruit Crop Breeding (VNIISPK)
Abstract: Self-incompatibility is one of the most important mechanisms used by flowering plants to prevent self-fertilization and, consequently, to provide the genetic diversity of population. The self-incompatibility in Prunus is controlled by two genes as minimum: S (self-incompatibility) and SFB (S haplotype-specific F-box protein). S gene is represented in the population by a multiple allele series. Compatibility in pollination is dependent on the S allele combination of the cultivars. The investigation of the S gene allele polymorphism of sweet cherry cultivars was performed used as consensus (PaConsI, PaConsII), as allele-specific primers.
Systemic treatment of mineral nutrition and light radiation on the physicochemical indicators of the development of tomatoes grown in closed agroecosystems
Inna Knyazeva, Alexei Dorokhov, Oksana Vershinina, Vladimir Gudimo
Federal State Scientific Institution «Federal Scientific Agroengineering Center VIM» 1st Institutskiy proezd, 5, 109428, Moscow, Russia
Abstract: Currently, in connection with the interest of consumers in ecologically safe food, the search for new highly effective methods of growing and improving the quality of finished vegetable products in closed agroecosystems is urgent. Tomato plants were grown hydroponically in climatic chambers produced by VIM (Russia) using drip irrigation technology. Experimental studies to develop the basic principles of optimization and management of nutritional and light regimes were carried out with a mid-season tomato hybrid ‘Sevance’ (Netherlands). The purpose of this study was to study the composition of mineral nutrition in combination with a radiation source for the physicochemical parameters of tomatoes grown in controlled conditions of climatic chambers. The hydroponics system included two types of mineral fertilizers: one option - the complex fertilizer FERTIKA Kristalon Scarlet and the second version of the developed recipe based on mineral fertilizers from the Ruskhim company (Russia). Combined LED-based irradiators of various spectral composition and HPS high-pressure sodium lamps were used as a radiation source. To increase the nutritional efficiency of tomatoes grown on a soilless substrate (mineral wool) under controlled conditions, the features of antioxidant activity, carotenoid composition (lycopene), and the content of polyphenols were studied. We compared different sources of radiation depending on the mineral nutrition for the quantitative and qualitative content of monosaccharides (fructose and glucose), disaccharides (sucrose) and the vitamin complex (В₁, В₂ and В₄) in tomato fruits. The results of the action of the studied factors on the content of photosynthetic pigments (chlorophyll a, b and carotenoids) in the leaves of ‘Sevance’ are considered. Analyzes were carried out on the accumulation of mineral substances by plants based on the content of anions (chloride, nitrate, sulfate, phosphate ions) and cations (ammonium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, calcium) in tomato fruits. It is known that the palatability of tomato fruits depends on a set of indicators, but the main role in this belongs to the content of dry and ash substances, dietary fiber, vitamin C, acids, sugars and their ratio, which were also analyzed. In this regard, the optimization of mineral nutrition in the system of light radiation can be considered from the standpoint of the participation of nutrients directly in the synthesis of organic matter under normal metabolic processes that ensure the growth and productivity of tomato plants under controlled conditions.
The use of elements of organic gardening in the cultivation of blackberries in the conditions of central Russia
Lidia Gruner, Boris Kornilov
Russian Research Institute of Fruit Crop Breeding, Orel, Russia
Abstract: The study was undertaken, first of all, in connection with the low winter hardiness of blackberries in the conditions of the central region of Russia. The results of the use of environmentally friendly preparations of a new generation to increase the endurance and productivity of blackberry plants in the unstable climatic conditions of this region have been obtained. The preparations are organo-mineral complexes of natural origin, created by the Russian manufacturer - LLC "Group of Companies AgroPlus" and recommended for widespread use. A three-year study of the action of these phytomodulators on blackberry plants has shown their effectiveness as protectors during overwintering of this crop in combination with winter shelter. The positive effect of the preparations was also revealed on the productivity and commercial qualities of berries, resistance to harmful organisms. The main object of the study was the American variety of creeping blackberry, Thornfree, widespread in Russia, and a number of other varieties. The treatment of plants with the preparations was carried out mainly in the form of foliar dressing according to the scheme recommended by the manufacturer. Among these preparations, a long-acting soil conditioner was also used, introduced into the root zone of plants in the form of granules, which provided better conditions for the root system of blackberries in the dry growing season compared to the control. In general, the complex use of the tested drugs can be recommended as an effective agricultural technique in organic gardening when growing blackberries.
Interspecific crosses in breeding of industrial gooseberries
Kurashev О.V., Titova J.G., Ozherelieva Z.Е., Knyazev S.D.
Russian Research Institute of Fruit Crop Breeding (VNIISPK), Zhilina, Orel Region 302530, Orel district, Russia
Abstract: Gooseberries, along with other commercial berry crops, have important nutritional and medicinal value. At the same time, for optimal cultivation of this crop, an important (main) role is played by the presence of cultivars with such economically useful parameters as resistance to diseases and pests, yield, high commercial qualities of berries and suitability for combine harvesting. Breeding studies were carried out with the involvement of hybrid forms based on the genetic basis of two species in interspecific crosses Grossularia reclinata and Grossularia robusta. At the same time, the species Grossularia robusta was involved in crosses as a donor of compact bush habit and high resistance to American powdery mildew. As a result of combined breeding with Grossularia robusta, promising hybrid forms have been identified, characterized by high resistance to American powdery mildew, high quality of berries and compact bush habit. These forms are the basis for obtaining highly profitable commercial cultivars of gooseberries of industrial type.
Highlights: As a result of combined breeding with Grossularia robusta, promising hybrid forms have been identified, characterized by high resistance to American powdery mildew, high quality of berries and compact bush habit. These forms are the basis for obtaining highly profitable commercial cultivars of gooseberries of industrial type.