Dietary Patterns, Dietary Intake, Dietary Behaviours and Health

A special issue of Nutrients (ISSN 2072-6643). This special issue belongs to the section "Nutritional Epidemiology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 August 2024 | Viewed by 3017

Special Issue Editors

National Institute for Nutrition and Health, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing 100050, China
Interests: dietary intake; dietary intake; hypertension; overweight and obesity; dietary behaviours
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Guest Editor
Department of Biomedical Sciences, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong 999077, China
Interests: dietary intake; undernutrition; obesity; chronic disease; cardiovascular disease
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Eating a balanced variety of nutritious foods can help individuals to stay healthy. The associations between dietary intake, dietary patterns, dietary behaviours and health need to be further illustrated. This upcoming Special Issue will present a series of articles covering the topics dietary intake/patterns/behaviours and their relationship to undernutrition, overweight and obesity, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, diabetes, and so on. The main findings from these papers will provide solid evidence to underscore future policy making for improvements in nutrition among populations of all ages.

Dr. Dongmei Yu
Dr. Xiangqian Lao
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2900 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • dietary intake
  • dietary patterns
  • dietary behaviours
  • undernutrition
  • overweight
  • obesity
  • hypertension
  • metabolic syndrome
  • diabetes

Published Papers (3 papers)

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17 pages, 542 KiB  
Article
Dietary Patterns of Pregnant Women and Their Association with Diet Quality Measures: A Comparative Analysis
by Andreea-Maria Mitran, Alina Delia Popa, Andreea Gherasim, Otilia Nita, Laura Mihalache, Lidia Iuliana Arhire, Dumitru Gafitanu, Monica Hancianu and Oana Cioanca
Nutrients 2024, 16(11), 1736; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu16111736 - 1 Jun 2024
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Abstract
Healthy dietary patterns during pregnancy are crucial for ensuring maternal and foetal health outcomes. Numerous methodologies exist for assessing the diet of pregnant women, including dietary patterns and various appraisal tools of diet quality. This study aimed to assess the dietary patterns and [...] Read more.
Healthy dietary patterns during pregnancy are crucial for ensuring maternal and foetal health outcomes. Numerous methodologies exist for assessing the diet of pregnant women, including dietary patterns and various appraisal tools of diet quality. This study aimed to assess the dietary patterns and diet quality of pregnant women and to investigate the relationship between dietary patterns, diet quality estimators, and the adequacy of nutrient intake. EPIC FFQ was applied to a sample of 251 pregnant women, and questionnaires were interpreted with the FETA program. Dietary patterns were then determined by means of principal component analysis. Our results showed a substantial association between dietary patterns and total diet quality, as measured by the Diet Quality Index for Pregnancy (DQI-Pc), PURE Healthy Diet Score, and FIGO Diet Quality Score. We also found correlations between certain dietary patterns and particular nutrient intakes recommended by the European Food Safety Authority during pregnancy. The most deficient intake was registered for iron (86.1%), zinc (87.3%) and magnesium (79.3%), posing a threat to normal bone development, anaemia prophylaxis, and immune status. These results highlight the importance of assessing and understanding eating habits during pregnancy in order to achieve optimal outcomes for both the mother and the foetus. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Patterns, Dietary Intake, Dietary Behaviours and Health)
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20 pages, 783 KiB  
Article
The Development and Evaluation of a Literature-Based Dietary Index for Gut Microbiota
by Bezawit E. Kase, Angela D. Liese, Jiajia Zhang, Elizabeth Angela Murphy, Longgang Zhao and Susan E. Steck
Nutrients 2024, 16(7), 1045; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu16071045 - 3 Apr 2024
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Abstract
The aim of the study was to develop and evaluate a novel dietary index for gut microbiota (DI-GM) that captures dietary composition related to gut microbiota profiles. We conducted a literature review of longitudinal studies on the association of diet with gut microbiota [...] Read more.
The aim of the study was to develop and evaluate a novel dietary index for gut microbiota (DI-GM) that captures dietary composition related to gut microbiota profiles. We conducted a literature review of longitudinal studies on the association of diet with gut microbiota in adult populations and extracted those dietary components with evidence of beneficial or unfavorable effects. Dietary recall data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES, 2005–2010, n = 3812) were used to compute the DI-GM, and associations with biomarkers of gut microbiota diversity (urinary enterodiol and enterolactone) were examined using linear regression. From a review of 106 articles, 14 foods or nutrients were identified as components of the DI-GM, including fermented dairy, chickpeas, soybean, whole grains, fiber, cranberries, avocados, broccoli, coffee, and green tea as beneficial components, and red meat, processed meat, refined grains, and high-fat diet (≥40% of energy from fat) as unfavorable components. Each component was scored 0 or 1 based on sex-specific median intakes, and scores were summed to develop the overall DI-GM score. In the NHANES, DI-GM scores ranged from 0–13 with a mean of 4.8 (SE = 0.04). Positive associations between DI-GM and urinary enterodiol and enterolactone were observed. The association of the novel DI-GM with markers of gut microbiota diversity demonstrates the potential utility of this index for gut health-related studies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Patterns, Dietary Intake, Dietary Behaviours and Health)
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8 pages, 225 KiB  
Brief Report
A Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Prescription Program for Prenatal Patients in Flint, Michigan: Baseline Food Security and Dietary Intake
by Amy Saxe-Custack, Jenny LaChance and Jean M. Kerver
Nutrients 2024, 16(8), 1234; https://doi.org/10.3390/nu16081234 - 21 Apr 2024
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Abstract
Although adequate nutritional status during pregnancy is necessary to support optimal fetal development, many low-income women have poor access to fresh, high-nutrient foods. To address these challenges, a pediatric fruit and vegetable (FV) prescription program was expanded to include pregnant women, providing one [...] Read more.
Although adequate nutritional status during pregnancy is necessary to support optimal fetal development, many low-income women have poor access to fresh, high-nutrient foods. To address these challenges, a pediatric fruit and vegetable (FV) prescription program was expanded to include pregnant women, providing one prescription for fresh FVs worth 15 US dollars during each prenatal office visit for redemption at farmers’/mobile markets. This analysis describes baseline sociodemographic characteristics, food security, and dietary intake among 253 pregnant women in Flint, Michigan in 2022–23. Dietary recall data were collected and analyzed using the Automated Self-Administered 24-h Tool developed by the US National Cancer Institute, with nutrition output reported in relation to adherence to US Dietary Guidelines. Most participants (mean ± SD age 26.51 ± 4.90 years) identified as African American (53%) and were receiving publicly funded health insurance (66%). Most (75%) reported no food insecurity, yet the majority failed to meet dietary recommendations for whole grains (99.3%), vegetables (93.1%), dairy (93.1%), and fruits (69.4%). Moreover, most did not meet micronutrient recommendations through food sources, including vitamin D (100%), iron (98.6%), folic acid (98.6%), vitamin A (82.6%), calcium (68.8%), and vitamin C (62.5%). Results raise deep concerns regarding diet and nutrition among pregnant women in this US city. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dietary Patterns, Dietary Intake, Dietary Behaviours and Health)
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