Special Issue "Advances in Nanofluids"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 15 August 2020.
Interests: Characharacterization of nanofluids; molecular simulation; fluid phase theories and modelling; interfacial properties, confined fluids
The study of suspensions of nanoscale-sized particles in a base fluid, termed nanofluids, has become an extremely dynamic research field. The initial works published on this topic soon revealed intriguing heat transfer properties that were not adequately described by the existing classical colloid theories. The inferred implications of this unusual heat transfer profile for practical applications related to cooling and refrigeration boosted research on nanofluids, which soon evidenced a complexity that is still far from being rationalized. The increasing number of contributions in the literature have raised questions about the behavior shown by other transport properties, leading to interesting findings about the complex non-Newtonian viscoelastic properties of nanofluids, that also play a prominent role in their potential applications.
The number of possibilities explored to produce tailored nanofluids with tunable chemical, thermophysical, and transport properties are increasing, and the former studies considering metal or metal oxydes as dispersed particles were followed by the proposal of many alternative materials, including ceramic materials, carbides, and a plethora of carbon allotropes, from carbon nanotubes to graphite or graphene. The possibility to produce chemically modified surface nanostructures and hybrid nanomaterials with different layers and/or shapes has opened perspectives towards many other applications outside the initial heat transfer domain.
Nevertheless, most studies in this field are mainly experimental, and a theoretical framework comprehensively supporting the available laboratory evidence is still poorly developed. The complexity of the needed multiscale approach is a major obstacle, and this underlines the fact that nanofluids still represent a major challenge for the physico-chemical and engineering communities.
Prof. Dr. Manuel M Piñeiro
Manuscript Submission Information
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- thermophysical properties
- optical properties
- chemical design
- industrial applications
- biomedical applications