Special Issue "Fiber Spinning: Materials & Techniques"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 May 2020.
Interests: polymer physical chemistry; colloid chemistry; rheology; polymer processing; fiber spinning
Special Issues and Collections in MDPI journals
Fiber spinning is one of the most complicated processes in the polymer processing area. First of all, it is connected with the preparation of very thin and weak filaments, their collection to threads (yarns), and the final processing to textile or technical fibers and fabrics. Fiber spinning from melts is easier than from polymer solutions, because when planning the subsequent processes, we need to overcome numerous issues connected with the choice of solvent, properties of solutions, and selection of spinning method (wet, dry–wet jet, and dry), including the spinneret geometry, nature of coagulant, washing, orientation, drying procedures, and so on. Using solution spinning liquids of different chemical compositions requires a detailed consideration of their regeneration and recuperation methods. The development of composite fibers is usually stipulated with combining one fiber in two or more polymers, coating the main fiber using a protective jacket, and introducing reinforcing or functional additives, such as disperse particles, fire retardants, biological additives, and others. Self-absorbable threads from polylactide, polyglycolide, and their copolymers, for use as surgical materials are also treated with a special coating that reduces the "sawing" effect when the material passes through the tissues, and also reduces the capillarity and fibrillation. In some cases, the solution method seems more attractive for preparing composite fibers because of the possibility of mixing two or more polymers in one fiber, to distribute uniformly solid or liquid additives at ambient conditions, to prepare reasonable precursors for carbon fibers. The most popular matter for precursors are cellulose or polyacrylonitrile fibers spun via solutions, as well as dopes that almost always contain additives. That is why preparing composite fibers requires knowledge of physical and colloid chemistry, thermodynamics, rheology, chemical technology, mechanics, and other branches of science.
All of these are the driving forces of the Special Issue of Materials.
Prof. Valery Kulichikhin
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Fiber spinning
- Polymer processing
- Polymer physical chemistry
- Colloid chemistry
- Ccomposite Fibers
- Functional additives