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Materials for Dentistry: Biofunctional Properties and Their Improvement

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Biomaterials".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 20 July 2024 | Viewed by 1025

Special Issue Editors


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Guest Editor
Laboratory of Materials Research, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, Gliwice, Poland
Interests: dental materials; biomaterials; polymers; composites; antimicrobial materials; nanomaterials; mechanical properties; denture; implants; dental caries
Special Issues, Collections and Topics in MDPI journals

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Diseases related to the functioning of the stomatognathic system constitute a considerable public health challenge. In many countries, their prevalence and the use of engineering materials for their treatment encompass nearly 100% of the population, and on a global scale, their occurrence has been continuously increasing for decades. Currently, doctors use many different polymers, metals, ceramics and composites as prosthetic, restorative, regenerative, auxiliary, implantation and surgical materials.

The dynamic progress in this field, aimed at the continuous improvement of biofunctional properties, focuses on enriching knowledge about the interaction of such materials with the human body and developing new/modified materials using interdisciplinary knowledge of materials science, nanotechnology, chemistry, microbiology, immunology, surface engineering and processing technology.

Despite this significant progress, further experimental research is necessary to develop new and improved solutions, and independent research must be carried out on commercially available materials to verify their properties from the point of view of clinical practice and science. For this purpose, we invite authors to submit original research articles and reviews related to any of the topics mentioned above.

Prof. Dr. Grzegorz Chladek
Prof. Dr. Monika Lukomska-Szymanska
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

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Keywords

  • dental materials
  • orthodontic materials
  • maxillofacial surgery materials
  • prosthetic materials
  • restorative materials
  • mouthguards
  • biomaterials
  • polymers
  • composites
  • metals and metal alloys
  • ceramics
  • cements
  • surface modifications
  • antimicrobial properties
  • biological properties
  • cytotoxicity
  • mechanical properties
  • functional properties
  • aesthetic properties
  • fatigue
  • wear
  • oral environment
  • nanomaterials
  • biofilm
  • materials technologies
  • additive technologies
  • CAD/CAM technologies
  • 3D printing

Published Papers (1 paper)

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Research

24 pages, 32994 KiB  
Article
A Temporary Acrylic Soft Denture Lining Material Enriched with Silver-Releasing Filler-Cytotoxicity, Mechanical and Antifungal Properties
by Grzegorz Chladek, Igor Kalamarz, Wojciech Pakieła, Izabela Barszczewska-Rybarek, Zenon Czuba and Anna Mertas
Materials 2024, 17(4), 902; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma17040902 - 15 Feb 2024
Viewed by 736
Abstract
Colonization of temporary denture soft linings and underlying tissues by yeast-like fungi is an important clinical problem due to the negative influence on the process of prosthetic treatment. Typical hygienic procedures are often insufficient to prevent fungal infections, so in this study, an [...] Read more.
Colonization of temporary denture soft linings and underlying tissues by yeast-like fungi is an important clinical problem due to the negative influence on the process of prosthetic treatment. Typical hygienic procedures are often insufficient to prevent fungal infections, so in this study, an antimicrobial filler (silver sodium hydrogen zirconium phosphate) was introduced into acrylic soft liner at concentrations of 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 10% (w/w). The effect of this modification on antifungal properties against Candida albicans, cytotoxicity, Shore A hardness, tensile strength and tensile bond strength, sorption and solubility was investigated, considering the recommended 30-day period of temporary soft lining use. The most favorable compilation of properties was obtained at a 1 to 6% filler content, for which nearly a total reduction in Candida albicans was registered even after 30 days of sample storing. The tensile and bond strength of these composites was at the desired and stable level and did not differ from the results for the control material. Hardness increased with the increasing concentration in filler but were within the range typical for soft lining materials and their changes during the experiment were similar to the control material. The materials were not cytotoxic and sorption and solubility levels were stable. Full article
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