Special Issue "Manufacturing Engineering and Mechanical Properties of Composite Materials"

A special issue of Materials (ISSN 1996-1944). This special issue belongs to the section "Advanced Composites".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2020.

Special Issue Editor

Prof. Dr. Aminul Islam
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Technical University of Denmark, Lyngby, Denmark
Interests: advanced material processing; multi-material micro manufacturing; additive manufacturing; composite materials; smart materials; interconnect devices; micro mechanical systems

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Composite materials play a significant role in the development of modern science and technology. They have a broad and proven range of applications in various engineering fields, including aerospace, architecture, automotive, energy, military, and sports, and are replacing traditional materials at a growing pace. Recent advances in materials and manufacturing technologies have provided possibilities for many novel applications of composite materials in highly demanding engineering fields. Multifunctional properties, possibilities to tailor the properties, and the potential to manufacture the materials into precise and complex shapes have made composites very lucrative at the present state of technology.

However, we still face many challenges in the manufacturing and processing of composites. The price of the raw materials, the complex manufacturing process, difficulties with the process physics, complex synergistic relations with the process variables, and difficulties with quality control are but a few. The widespread application of composites calls for low-cost, low-defect, industrially adaptive, and automated manufacturing processes. A clear understanding of the processing fundamentals and the properties of the final parts is required for successful applications of composite materials. Continuous research into the subject area is essential to enriching our understanding and helping us to overcome design and manufacturing challenges in the present and future industrial scenarios.

This Special Issue of Materials focuses on all aspects of current scientific and technological progress related to the manufacturing of composite materials and products. Topics of interest include mechanical and structural properties of composites as well as their constituent materials; experimental and theoretical studies relating to composites; manipulation of properties through manufacturing and processing; modeling and simulations; microscopic to macroscopic behavior; and performance verification techniques. This Special Issue  places emphasis on more novel areas of composites, such as nanocomposites, hybrid composites, biomedical composites, intelligent and autonomic composites (e.g., self-healing, self-sensing, and self-reinforcing composites), ultra-high-performance composites, sustainability in composite material processing, the recyclability of composites, digital manufacturing, and virtual testing.

It is my pleasure to invite you to submit a manuscript for this Special Issue. Full papers, communications, and reviews that address advances in the manufacturing and performance of composite materials are welcome.

Prof. Dr. Aminul Islam
Guest Editor

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Materials is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1800 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • composites
  • hybrid composites
  • nanocomposites
  • autonomic composites
  • mechanical properties
  • tensile and compressive loads
  • manufacturing technology
  • additive manufacturing
  • automated manufacturing
  • process optimization
  • modeling and simulation
  • defects and damage
  • destructive and nondestructive testing
  • applications of composites.

Published Papers (3 papers)

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Research

Open AccessArticle
Prepregs for Temperature Resistant Composites
Materials 2019, 12(23), 4012; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12234012 - 03 Dec 2019
Abstract
In this paper, carbon fabric reinforced inorganic matrix composites were prepared. The inorganic matrix based on alkali activated aluminosilicate was used because of its resistance to fire and the temperatures up to 1000 °C. Influence of heat treatment of fabric, high temperature treatment [...] Read more.
In this paper, carbon fabric reinforced inorganic matrix composites were prepared. The inorganic matrix based on alkali activated aluminosilicate was used because of its resistance to fire and the temperatures up to 1000 °C. Influence of heat treatment of fabric, high temperature treatment of composite and preparation method on the mechanical properties and morphology of the composites were studied. The preparation of composites with the subsequent steps of impregnation, layering and curing of the composites was compared with the prepreg preparation method, which separates the impregnation of the reinforcement from the production of the composite. The SEM photographs show no differences in morphology between composites prepared from heat treated fabric and composites prepared from original fabrics. All four series of samples were comparatively saturated with matrix. Despite this, tensile properties of heat-treated fabric composites were negatively affected. While composites with heat-treated fabric reached the tensile strength up to 274 MPa, composites prepared without heat-treated fabric exhibited strengths higher than 336 MPa. Samples exposed to temperatures reaching 600 °C retained up to 40% of their original strength. The effect of composite preparation method on the tensile properties of the composites has not been proved. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
Interfacial Bonding and Abrasive Wear Behavior of Iron Matrix Composite Reinforced by Ceramic Particles
Materials 2019, 12(22), 3646; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12223646 - 06 Nov 2019
Abstract
Using zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA) particles and Ni–Ti complex powders as raw materials, high-Cr cast iron reinforced by ZTA particles was prepared by an infiltration casting process. A continuous transition layer formed at the interface between ZTA particles and the Cr15 matrix, which [...] Read more.
Using zirconia toughened alumina (ZTA) particles and Ni–Ti complex powders as raw materials, high-Cr cast iron reinforced by ZTA particles was prepared by an infiltration casting process. A continuous transition layer formed at the interface between ZTA particles and the Cr15 matrix, which proves that there is strong metallurgical interfacial bonding at the interface. The phases in the Ni–Ti layer of the ZTAP/Fe composite were preserved compared with the microstructure of sintered ZTA ceramic preform. The hardness of the Ni3Ti, TiO and AlNi2Ti phases in the interfacial transition layer was measured by the nano-indentation method, which is 12.5 GPa, 16.1 GPa and 9.2 GPa, respectively. The three-body wear resistance of the composite reached 12.6 times that of high-Cr cast iron. Full article
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Open AccessArticle
The Effect of Shear Deformation on Permeability of 2.5D Woven Preform
Materials 2019, 12(21), 3594; https://doi.org/10.3390/ma12213594 - 31 Oct 2019
Abstract
The accurate prediction of the permeability is the key to optimizing the molding process of fiber reinforced composites, thus to improve the composite quality, and reduce the material and labor costs in the manufacturing process. In this paper, the permeability of 2.5D woven [...] Read more.
The accurate prediction of the permeability is the key to optimizing the molding process of fiber reinforced composites, thus to improve the composite quality, and reduce the material and labor costs in the manufacturing process. In this paper, the permeability of 2.5D woven preform with shear deformation was studied by experiments and numerical simulations. The permeabilities of the samples under various shear angles were measured by the radial flow method. An RVE (representative volume element) model based on the fabric microstructure and shear deformation is developed to predict the permeability of preform and the simulation results are compared with experiments value to verify the effectiveness of this model. Using this model, the effect of the fiber volume fraction on the permeability of the 2.5D woven preform was determined. Based on the structural characteristics, experimental and simulation results of the 2.5D woven preform, an empirical equation for predicting its permeability under shear deformation was formulated. The prediction accuracy of the equation was evaluated, and the equation was used to determine the change of permeability with shear deformation for the 2.5D woven preform. Full article
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